Supreme Council for National Reconstruction

Supreme Council for National Reconstruction of the Republic of Korea
Flag of South Korea. Emblem of South Korea
Flag Emblem
South Korea in Green.
Capital Seoul
Languages Korean
Government Military junta
   1961 Chang Do-yong
  1961–1963 Park Chung-hee
Legislature National Assembly suspended
Historical era Cold War
   May 16th coup 16 May 1961
   Establishment of the Third Republic 17 December 1963
Currency South Korean won
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Second Republic of South Korea
Third Republic of South Korea
Today part of  South Korea
Supreme Council for National Reconstruction
Hangul 국가재건최고회의
Revised Romanization Gukga Jaegeon Choego Hoe-ui
McCune–Reischauer Kukka Chaekǒn Ch'oego Hoeǔi
Part of a series on the
History of South Korea
USAMGIK 194548
First Republic 194860
 : Korean War 195053
 : Syngman Rhee administration 194860
 : April Revolution 1960
 : Heo Jeong Caretaker Government 1960
Second Republic 196061
 : Jang Myeon Cabinet 196061
 : May 16 coup 1961
Constitutional Vacuum 196163
 : Yoon Bo-seon administration 196162
 : First Junta 196163
Third Republic 196372
 : Park Chung-hee administration 196372
 : Self-coup of Park Chung-hee 1972
Fourth Republic 197281
 : Assassination of Park Chung-hee 1979
 : Coup d'état of December Twelfth 1979
 : Coup d'état of May Seventeenth 1980
 : Gwangju Uprising 1980
 : Second Junta 198081
Fifth Republic 198187
 : Chun Doo-hwan administration 198187
 : June Democratic Uprising 1987
 : Grand Labor Struggle 1987
Sixth Republic 1987present
 : Roh Tae-woo administration 198793
 : Kim Young-sam administration 199398
 : National Moratorium 19972001
 : Kim Dae-jung administration 19982003
 : Roh Moo-hyun administration 20032008
 : Lee Myung-bak administration 20082013
 : Park Geun-hye administration 2013present
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The Supreme Council for National Reconstruction, initially named the Military Revolutionary Committee, was a military junta that oversaw the government of South Korea from May 16, 1961 until the inauguration of the Third Republic of South Korea in 1963. It was composed largely of military officers who were involved in or supportive of the May 16 coup which overthrew the Second Republic of South Korea. The council was chaired initially by Chang Do-yong, and subsequently by Park Chung-hee. The president of the Second Republic, Yun Po-sun, stayed in office as a figurehead.

Key events

A military coup led by Major General (later Lieutenant General/General) Park Chung-hee on May 16, 1961 put an effective end to the Second Republic. Park was one of a group of military leaders who had been pushing for the de-politicization of the military. Dissatisfied with the cleanup measures undertaken by the Second Republic, they chose to take matters into their own hands.

The military leaders promised to return the government to a democratic system as soon as possible. On December 2, 1962, a referendum was held on returning to a presidential system of rule, which was allegedly passed with a 78% majority.[1] Park and the other military leaders pledged not to run for office in the next elections. However, Park ran for president anyway, winning narrowly in the election of 1963.[1]


The Supreme Council was the first South Korean government to introduce economic planning. The first South Korean five-year plan was inaugurated in 1962. Although the Second Republic had laid the groundwork for such plans, it had not been able to put them into practice.

See also


  1. 1 2 Yonhap (2004, p. 271).


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