The term supreme (also spelled suprême) used in cooking and culinary arts refers to the best part of the food, and it has different meanings depending upon the food type. For poultry, game and fish dishes, supreme denotes a fillet.
In professional cookery, the term "chicken supreme" (French: suprême de volaille) is used to describe a boneless, skinless breast of chicken. If the humerus bone of the wing remains attached, the cut is called "chicken cutlet" (côtelette de volaille). The same cut is used for duck (suprême de canard), and other birds.
Chicken supremes can be prepared in many ways. For example, supremes à la Maréchale are treated à l'anglais ("English-style"), i.e. coated with eggs and breadcrumbs, and sautéed. A supreme can be minced resulting in such dishes as suprême de volaille Pojarski. There are also various versions with stuffing. A popular variety is suprême de volaille à la Kiev, commonly known as chicken Kiev, for which chicken supremes are stuffed with butter.
To supreme a citrus fruit is to remove the skin, pith, membranes, and seeds, and to separate its segments. Used as a noun, a supreme can be a wedge of citrus fruit prepared in this way.
A dish dressed with a sauce suprême is another manner of the term "supreme" is used (e.g. a suprême of barracuda).
Other cooking uses
Supreme can also be used as a term in cookery in the following ways:
- Chambers 21st Century Dictionary. Allied Publishers. p. 1421.
- Auguste Escoffier (1907). A Guide to Modern Cookery. London: W. Heinemann. p. 507.
- H. L. Cracknell; R. J. Kaufmann (1999), Practical Professional Cookery, Cengage Learning EMEA, p. 409, ISBN 978-1-86152-873-5
- Edward Renold; David Foskett; John Fuller (2012), Chef's Compendium of Professional Recipes, Routledge, p. 135, ISBN 978-1-13607-861-3
- Auguste Escoffier (1907). A Guide to Modern Cookery. London: W. Heinemann. p. 512.
- Going Raw. p. 72.
- American Cookery. p. 249.
- Meyer, Adolphe (1903). The Post-graduate Cookery Book. Caterer Publishing Company. p. 59.
- Choice Cookery. pp. 23–24. Retrieved 11 October 2014.