Superman and Lois Lane

Superman and Lois Lane

Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
First appearance Action Comics #1
(June 1938)
Created by Jerry Siegel
Joe Shuster
In-story information
Full name Superman/Clark Kent
Lois Lane
Team affiliations Daily Planet

Superman/Clark Kent and Lois Lane are among the best known fictional couples. Both characters (including Superman's alter ego, Clark Kent) first appeared in DC Comics' Action Comics #1 (June 1938). They have remained in a complicated relationship ever since. The couple and their relationship have been portrayed in multiple Superman adaptations in different media.

The couple's relationship was based for a long time in a love triangle, in which Clark was interested in Lois, who was taken with Superman. Clark, unable to reveal to Lois that his mild-mannered demeanor was a ruse, was unable to compete for Lois' affection. The irony being he was his own rival, seeing that Clark and Superman are the same person. Following John Byrne's The Man of Steel reboot in 1986, Clark's character became not only the more dominant personality of the Clark Kent/Superman character, but also more outgoing, aggressive, and assertive (more in line with George Reeves' portrayal on Adventures of Superman). This allowed a more natural romance to develop between Lois and Clark.

In 1990, Clark proposed marriage to Lois and revealed his identity as Superman to her.[1][2] They began a long engagement, which was complicated by the death of Superman, a breakup and several other problems. At last, in 1996, Lois and Clark were married and Superman: The Wedding Album was released. The event coincided with the wedding of Clark and Lois on the television series Lois and Clark: The New Adventures of Superman.

In the television series Smallville, the series' focus began with a teenage Clark Kent, learning to balance the demands of his superpowers with his desire to lead a normal life. Lois Lane was introduced in the fourth season. They first developed a friendship on the show, and in later seasons a romantic interaction. Throughout the series, the show foreshadowed Clark and Lois' future romances, which was woven throughout their interactions from the moment Lois was introduced to the series.

In some Superman stories, Lois knows or suspects that Clark Kent is Superman.[3][4] This is sometimes explored for humor or plot development.

Superman and Lois Lane in different media


Lois Lane and Superman/Clark Kent on the cover of Adventures of Superman #619. Art by Derec Aucoin.

Superman first appeared in Action Comics #1 in June 1938. Other than the fact that he'd been rocketed to Earth as an infant, his complex backstory had yet to develop, but Lois Lane was there from the beginning. That first story included a sequence in which Clark behaved in a cowardly fashion, leaving Lois to defend herself against an aggressive man, from whom Superman later saved her. From then on, Clark was established as a shy man attracted to Lois, while she was interested in his heroic alter ego Superman.

This remained the status quo in the comics for a number of years, though Lois did warm up to Clark for the most part. Yet their relationship couldn't really advance with Lois left out of the secret and with Clark Kent's persona being a disguise. This changed in a comic from 1978 (the 40th anniversary of Superman). A wizard wanted to rid the world of Superman, but he had no idea that Superman had a secret identity. With Superman gone and no memory of being Superman and therefore no need to pretend to be a coward, Clark Kent finally became a man with a backbone.

The new 'take charge' Clark Kent, who was fearless and bold, became very attractive to Lois Lane, which proved it was more about attitude and personality than super powers that attracted her to Superman. Lois and the new Clark Kent began dating, fell in love and eventually he proposed and the couple got married. Then, on their honeymoon, when Lois saw Clark caught in a crossfire that should have killed him, but left no mark on him, she began to suspect he was really Superman. She tried to cut a lock of his hair and the scissors broke. As much as she loved Clark with no memory of being Superman, she knew the world needed Superman and so found the wizard who had cast the spell and had him reverse it.

Clark remembered he was Superman, but he also remembered being married to Lois and didn't want to back out of the marriage. Instead, he took her to the Fortress of Solitude and married her again, but as Superman and a Kryptonian marriage ceremony. From that point until the revamp, Lois and Clark of the alternate universe known as Earth-Two remained married. On Earth-One, however, it was business as usual, Lois loved Superman, but he said he belonged to the world and couldn't commit to anyone. Lana Lang, who had been created for the Superboy comics, was introduced into the Superman comics as an adult rival against Lois for Superman's affections. Lois won that competition, but still was not told of Superman's dual identity. However, a big change was coming.

In 1985, the DC Comics universe went through an enormous overhaul and revamp called Crisis on Infinite Earths. The purpose of the year-long event was to get rid of some character histories, conflicting continuity, and overlapping worlds and create a more logical universe. When the Crisis ended, Clark never was Superboy as a youth and Clark Kent became the real person and Superman the disguise. There was finally a setting in which Lois could logically fall in love with Clark Kent because he was the real person this time; although it would take a couple of years for Lois to feel anything romantic for Clark after he scooped her on the Superman exclusive.

In Superman #44 (A Dark Knight over Metropolis), the couple bury the hatchet and begin dating and fall in love. In Superman #50 (Krisis of the Krimson Kryptonite), Clark proposes to Lois and she accepts, but Clark does not tell Lois his secret until weeks later in Action Comics #662. This throws Lois for a loop and she needs time to think it over. After contemplating the revelation and its implications, Lois decides it all comes down to love. She loves Clark and would accept and share his complicated life and secret. Then, due to the pending debut of the series Lois and Clark: The New Adventures of Superman, a chain of events were put into motion to prevent Lois and Clark in the comics from getting married until the TV couple was ready to walk down the aisle.

Superman was killed by Doomsday in Superman #75. Then, after a year of mourning, searching and resurrecting, Superman returned to the land of the living and the arms of Lois Lane. But the comics still had to drag their feet as Lois and Clark on the TV series met as strangers when the show debuted and it would take three years for them to make it to the altar. The comics launched into a series of arcs designed to keep the couple apart including a broken engagement arc, but Lois and Clark on the TV series finally married in October 1996 and so did their comic book counterparts.

In 2006, shortly after the company wide crossover Infinite Crisis, the legendary couple adopt a boy, the natural son of Kryptonian villains General Zod and Ursa and name him Chris Kent. Although Clark is quick to embrace fatherhood, Lois is more reluctant, until she sees how vulnerable and sweet Chris is, and the three of them become a happy family. Unfortunately, soon after Zod invades Earth and during the battle, Chris along with his birth parents are sucked into the Phantom Zone, leaving Clark and Lois heartbroken. He would return later as a teenager under the guise of Nightwing.

Superman, Lois Lane, and their son Jonathan Samuel Kent in Superman vol. 4 #2, art by Patrick Gleason.

In Superman: Secret Origin, a six-part miniseries that detailed Superman's origins in the post-Infinite Crisis DC Universe. In this series, Lois becomes Clark's mentor when he begins his employment at the Daily Planet. Also, the Daily Planet has been in financial trouble since Lex Luthor controls nearly every media outlet in Metropolis and the Daily Planet is the only major newspaper that directly attacks him. In Superman's first public appearance, he saves Lois when she falls off the LexCorp building. Understanding the flying hero's benevolence, Lois writes a positive article on him, which boosts the Daily Planet's sales 700%. Eventually, Luthor becomes involved with General Sam Lane, Lois' father, so that they can defeat Superman, believing him to be an alien threat. Superman defeats Metallo, a U.S. soldier converted into a cyborg, and public opinion turns in his favor. In the aftermath, Clark and Lois become friendly rivals, while Superman and Lois begin to develop mutual romantic feelings.

In 2011, DC Comics rebooted its main continuity with the New 52 initiative. In the relaunch, Clark and Lois are not married. Lois views Clark as a friend and respects him as a journalist, but regards him as a loner who has difficulty letting people get close to him and displays no existing knowledge of his dual identity. Superman Unchained, a nine-issue series by Scott Snyder and Jim Lee explores Clark's connection with Lois in the New 52 Universe.[5]

The miniseries Convergence released in April 2015, features a pre-New 52 version of a married Superman and Lois Lane. The couple is expecting the impending birth of their child, as Superman is called to protect the city.[6] Convergence shows the birth of their son, Jonathan Samuel Kent (Clark and Lois' biological child in DC Comics canon).[7]

In June 2016, DC Comics relaunched its entire line of comic book titles with DC Rebirth. In Rebirth, DC Comics re-established Lois and Clark's relationship and marriage in DC continuity, along with their son Jonathan, who eventually becomes Superboy.[8][9]

Superman: Lois and Clark

Following Convergence, DC announced a spin-off comic book series Superman: Lois and Clark.[10] The eight-issue series debuting in October 2015 by Dan Jurgens and Lee Weeks is set nine years after the Convergence event. The series focus on Clark and Lois' relationship and their nine-year-old son, Jonathan Samuel Kent, living in the post-Flashpoint DC Universe.


Christopher Reeve's Superman films

Lois Lane and Superman in the 1978 film Superman.

The film Superman was released by Warner Bros. in 1978, and based on the popular DC Comics character. Superman/Clark Kent was portrayed by Christopher Reeve and Margot Kidder portrays Lois Lane. It was directed by Richard Donner with music by John Williams.

The film led to three theatrical sequels, Superman II (1980), Superman III (1983) and Superman IV: The Quest For Peace (1987). Kidder's role in Superman III was greatly reduced due to her conflict with the producers of the film. She returns as the female lead and Superman's true love in the fourth Superman film. In 2006, Superman II: The Richard Donner Cut was released on DVD, which features director Richard Donner's original vision for his sequel to Superman: The Movie.

One of the most important aspects in the first and second films was the romantic relationship between the two main characters. Clark was hopelessly in love with Lois and even gave up his powers in order to be with her in Superman II.[11] The scene in the first movie, where Superman takes Lois in his arms and both flies over the nocturnal sky of Metropolis have become classics, and has inspired several parodies and influenced many film scores over the years.

In the aborted Superman Reborn from the early 1990s, the film would end with Superman and Lois become engaged and ultimately married. At the end of the film, they would fly up into the stratosphere and into the sunset, similar to how Superman did so, alone in the previous films.

Superman Returns

Lois Lane and Superman in Superman Returns (2006)

The film Superman Returns (2006) serves as an homage sequel to Richard Donner's films, Superman and Superman II. Brandon Routh played the role of Superman/Clark Kent and Kate Bosworth as Lois Lane.[12][13]

In the film, Superman has disappeared for a number of years, on his return, not only did he find the world he left behind has changed in ways he didn't expect; but the woman he loves, Lois Lane, is a mother and is engaged to Perry White's nephew, Richard White. The couple's son, Jason White, is later revealed to be Superman's son after the child begins to show superpowers.

Man of Steel

Superman and Lois Lane in Man of Steel (2013)

In 2013 Warner Bros. released a reboot of the Superman film series, portraying the character's origin story. Man of Steel stars Henry Cavill in the title role as Superman/Clark Kent and Amy Adams as Lois Lane.[14][15] The film is directed by Zack Snyder and produced by Christopher Nolan.

In Man of Steel, unlike in previous adaptations, Lois was made aware of Clark's identity as Superman very early on in the film. The traditional love triangle between Clark Kent, Lois Lane, and Superman was removed. This was part of an effort to reinvent Superman in the modern world. Warner Bros. initially questioned the decision, but Screenwriter David S. Goyer insisted that Lois should know Clark's secret as Superman; because they are trying to depict Superman in a more realistic, more relatable way. Goyer said sidestepped the alter ego problem is not an issue with Lois. Moving forward Lois will be Clark's secret keeper and they will be involved in a real relationship. Goyer also revealed a deleted scene that was filmed but was cut from the film, where after Lois is captured by the FBI, they interrogate her and she refuses to reveal Superman's identity.[16]

Director Zack Snyder said Lois needed to be a match for Superman, a girl who intrigues him.[17] Snyder describes Superman is "falling in love" with the reporter and affirm the bond between Clark and Lois is a vital part of the film.[18] Producer Deborah Snyder explains, while Lois and Superman immediately click, their upbringings are on opposite ends of a cultural gulf that make their romance like the pairing of a country mouse with a city mouse. "The fact that he picks Lois makes him better. Because Lois is not the obvious choice. She's difficult, she's sophisticated, she's from the city, she's all the things that he's not. They make a really interesting couple, but a complicated couple". She also explains that although Superman saves Lois physically, she saves him emotionally.[19] Amy Adams said: "Lois is just very natural, nothing about her is contrived or manufactured." Adams saw a lot to like about Lois' straightforward approachability, a quality that would appeal to a Kansas farm boy. "I think there was a great juxtaposition between this sort of Man of Steel and woman of Earth," Adams said.[20] Henry Cavill says it's essential for Lois to know Clark's secret and that she saves him just as much as he saves her. "I think the interaction between Lois and Superman is that she is obviously Superwoman, in a societal sense. And then she's finally found this one guy who can literally sweep her off her feet," Cavill said.[19] Cavill also noted "What is between Clark and Lois is a very personal thing. He opens her eyes to a world she didn't know existed and she opens his eyes to the idea of what he sees as a more normal existence."[21]

In the film, Lois first meets Clark Kent in the Arctic, while writing a story about a scientific discovery of an unidentified object found in the Arctic ice. There, Lois follows Clark to the buried Kryptonian scout ship and became aware of his abilities, when Clark saved and heals her after she was attacked by a Kryptonian drone. Over the next several weeks Lois begins to search for Clark's identity, by tracking down his activities in the past few years. Lois eventually arrives in his hometown Smallville and speaks with his mother Martha Kent. Clark and Lois meet again in the Smallville cemetery. And after revealing to Lois about his father's death, Lois decides to keep Clark's identity a secret.

When General Zod arrives on earth and demands the humans to surrender Kal-El (Clark), Lois is arrested by the FBI, on the belief, she knows the identity of Kal-El. Clark agrees to hand himself into the government in exchange for Lois' freedom. Later both Clark and Lois are taken to General Zod's ship and are interrogated by Zod's forces. Clark manages to defeat Zod's forces with the help of both Lois and Jor-El. At the battle of Metropolis Clark kissed Lois before Zod arrives and attacked him. Clark ultimately ended the fight by killing Zod, when Lois arrived she consoles him. Some time afterward, Clark decides to join the Daily Planet and is introduced to Lois as a new stringer, and Lois plays along with his new secret identity.

Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice

Amy Adams and Henry Cavill reprise their role as Lois Lane and Superman/Clark Kent in Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice (2016).[22] In Batman v Superman, Clark and Lois are now actively dating and living together. Lois' connection to Superman has prompted some to use her against the Kryptonian hero, with Lex Luthor initiating his plan against Superman by arranging for Lois to be abducted by insurgents and threatened so that Superman's intervention would create a potential international incident. At the end of the film, after Superman's death, Martha gives Lois an engagement ring which Clark originally plan to give her.

Justice League

Henry Cavill and Amy Adams will reprise their roles in the upcoming film Justice League (2017).

Television series

Adventures of Superman

Adventures of Superman was an American television series in the 1950s. The show is the first live-action television series to feature the comic book character Superman and began filming in 1951 in California. Sponsored by cereal manufacturer Kellogg's, the series ran from September 19, 1952 to April 28, 1958. The show stars George Reeves as Clark Kent/Superman, and Phyllis Coates as Lois Lane in the first season. Noel Neill plays Lois Lane from seasons two to season six opposite George Reeves. The series follow Superman as he battles crooks, gangsters, and other villains in the city of Metropolis while masquerading as Daily Planet reporter Clark Kent. Lois Lane and Jimmy Olsen, Clark's colleagues at the office, often find themselves in dangerous situations which can only be resolved with Superman's timely intervention.

Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman

Superman and Lois Lane in Lois & Clark.

Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman was a live-action television series in the 1990s and is based on the comic book character Superman. The series take us from the moment Clark Kent/Superman arrivals in Metropolis, and applying for a job at the Daily Planet, to his first meeting with Lois Lane, through to their romantic relationship and eventual marriage, and beyond.

The series ran from 1993 to 1997 and stars Dean Cain as Superman/Clark Kent and Teri Hatcher as Lois Lane. The show loosely followed John Byrne's six-issue comic book series, Man of Steel, which significantly rewrote Superman's origin, with Clark Kent as the true personality and Superman a disguise. The main characteristic of this series is that it gave special focus on the relationship between Clark Kent and Lois Lane.

In 1966, Jonathan and Martha Kent witness the crash-landing of a small spaceship in Shuster's Field near Smallville, Kansas. When they investigate the craft, they discover the baby Kal-El and decide to raise him as their own, naming him "Clark Jerome Kent". 27 years later, Clark moves to Metropolis and gets a job at the Daily Planet. There, he is partnered with Lois Lane, who at first considers him little more than a pest. Eventually, however, the two fall in love and marry, after a turbulent courtship, including Lois being kidnaped by Lex Luthor and replaced with a frog eating clone, Lois suffering from amnesia, and Clark being called away to serve as a leader on New Krypton. Clark and Lois finally get married in the episode "Swear to God, This Time We're Not Kidding". Their marriage in the television series was timed to coincide with the release of Superman: The Wedding Album, which depicts the couple's wedding in comic book continuity.


Lois Lane and Clark Kent on Smallville.

Smallville was a television series which aired on The WB from 2001 to 2006 and The CW from 2006 to 2011. The show depicts a young Clark Kent (Tom Welling) learning to accept his powers and who he really is, along with his destiny. The series shows Clark's reluctance to accept his Kryptonian heritage, his responsibility for his abilities, his longing desire to be normal and his constant fear of people discovering his secret. In the series, Clark's affection began with Lana Lang, his childhood crush in canon. Lois Lane (Erica Durance) was introduced in the fourth season of the series as Chloe Sullivan's cousin. Clark and Lois first developed a friendship, and they ultimately grew stronger feelings towards one another romantically in later seasons. With Clark gradually started to fall in love with Lois and realized that she is the one for him, and eventually revealing his alien origin to Lois.

The producers of the show were constrained to limit the usage of Clark and Lois' romantically relationship, and in the Lois character in general. At Wizard World Philadelphia Erica Durance revealed that: "DC Comics has really clamped down on Lois. You can't do a dream sequence (with her and Clark) or any of that sneaky stuff." Starting from season 6 (after the release of Superman Returns), the restrictions on Lois and Clark's romance were less restricted. Throughout the series, the show hinted at their love affair that will happen in the future. Including Lois revealing that a fortune teller told her that she was destined to fall for a guy who flies a lot and likes to wear tights, or saying she prefers geeks in glasses. And numerous other hints and comments made by Clark or Lois, and other characters on the show.

In season 4, in the episode "Lucy", after Clark and Lois admit for the first time that they have become friends, two stars collide, referring to them as "Star-crossed Lovers". In season 6, they share their first kiss in "Hydro". However, Lois was unaware that she was kissing Clark, as he was disguising himself as Green Arrow (Oliver Queen, Lois' boyfriend at the time). In "Crimson", Clark is infected by Red Kryptonite (which in the series removes his inhibitions). Clark's action, behavior and his conversation with his mother, shows that he was attracted to Lois at some level.

In season 7, Clark and Lois made a huge progression in their relationship. From Lois (after breaking up with her boyfriend Oliver Queen) in a very emotionally vulnerable state told Clark that she knows what it's like to love someone who has a destiny greater than her own in "Siren". To "Apocalypse", which heavily underlines Superman mythos. Jor-El sent Clark to an alternate reality where Clark never came to Earth. With Lois meeting Clark Kent for the first time at the Daily Planet, and the two have an instant attraction to each other. Clark exposing his powers to save Lois' life and working with her to stop President Lex Luthor's plans of conquest.

In season 8, Clark and Lois took another crucial step towards their relationship, with Clark start to work at the Daily Planet working alongside Lois. The writers for the series stated that in season eight, Lois finds out about her true feelings towards Clark. In "Instinct", Maxima, an alien princess who came to Earth to seek a suitable mate, chose Clark. When Lois broke Maxima's spell over Clark Maxima confronts Lois and says, Clark's attraction to Lois and the bond between them was the only way Clark was able to resist Maxima's influence. In "Committed", Lois was put under a lie detector test by a serial killer, and admitted that she was in love with Clark. In "Bride", the two shared many moments of attraction towards each other and almost sharing a kiss, but was interrupted by the return of Lana. At the end of the season, Lois was sent to the future when she touched the Legion ring. Clark believing Lois was killed in Doomsday's attack on the city, this and the death of Jimmy Olsen leads him to leave behind his human identity and fully embrace only his Kryptonian side.

In season 9, Lois returns to the present in "Savior", but has lost her memory of when and where she has been. Lois' reappearance breaks Clark's self-imposed exile, prompting him to return to the Daily Planet because he "can't stay away from her." Soon, the two were seen flirting much more. In the first nine episodes, Lois is seen having dreams and visions of the future, which includes her and Clark making love. In "Crossfire", Clark finally shows his true feeling for Lois and kisses her, which Lois reciprocated in "Idol". In "Pandora", the truth of what Lois saw in her visions is revealed. At the end of the episode, Clark and Lois decides to become an official couple. Throughout the rest of season nine, the two took slow steps in their relationship because both wants this relationship to be the one they "got right". In the season finale "Salvation", Clark kisses Lois as the Blur and she discovers Clark's secret (though it is made clear in the season ten premiere "Lazarus" that Clark doesn't realize Lois knows).

In season 10, several new milestones occurred in their relationship: from "I love you" exchanged in "Homecoming", and Clark revealing his secret as the Blur to Lois in "Isis", to them consummating their love in "Harvest". In "Ambush", it is implied that Clark asked Sam Lane (Lois' father) for her hand in marriage. Clark reveals the engagement ring in "Abandoned" and proposed to Lois in the episode "Icarus", which Lois happily accepts. Over the course of the season, the two grow closer than ever, learning to rely on each other and help each other through challenges both normal and super. Their wedding ceremony occurred in the series finale, only to be interrupted by the coming of Darkseid and his planet Apokolips. Clark defeated the evil entity and saved the world, and finally becomes Superman. A flash forward to the future depicts Clark and Lois working as reporters seven years later at the Daily Planet, and still trying to find the right time to get married.


Superman: The Animated Series

Lois Lane and Superman in Superman:The Animated Series.

In the 1990s television series Superman: The Animated Series, Superman/Clark Kent was voiced by Tim Daly and Dana Delany as Lois Lane. When developing the series, the producers made the decision to establish Lois as a character much more grounded in her Golden Age roots, that of a sharp, aggressive, and career-minded reporter who wasn't afraid to dig deep into the Metropolis dirt to gain a story. With Clark Kent as the voice of caution and reason in his alter-ego, and as the well-meaning, boy scout in his role as Superman.

Accustomed already to a world filled with madmen, Superman's heroics in Metropolis do not impress Lois initially, and her professional rivalry with his alter-ego Clark Kent isn't any better. Lois is severely territorial over her stories and constantly teases Clark by calling him "Smallville" (a line since adapted for the comics and Smallville television series for their version of Lois Lane).

Following a trip to an alternate universe in "Brave New Metropolis", Lois is surprised and dismayed to find Superman has sold out to Lex Luthor after her alternate self was killed, finally beginning to realize she meant much more to Superman. After this version of Superman saved the world from Lex Luthor's dominion, Lois kissed him before returning to her own reality, becoming much closer to Superman afterward, aware of how delicate his feelings are.

Lois also became more affectionate to Clark as the series progressed, confiding in him as a friend, though their rivalry at times became more heated on a personal basis because of this. In the three-part story "World's Finest", Bruce Wayne CEO of Wayne Enterprises arrived in Metropolis and starts a relationship with Lois, Lois actually considers moving to Gotham City, much to Clark's dismay. But Lois eventually learned that Bruce Wayne was the Gotham City vigilante Batman, and ended the relationship.

In "The Late Mr. Kent", Clark is forced to fake his death in order to sniff out an assassin who has targeted his alter-ego. Unaware of his survival (only Clark's parents are aware he is alive), Lois takes the loss of her partner hard and becomes consumed with uncovering the truth behind his murder, enlisting Superman's help. Whilst investigating Clark's apartment, Lois breaks down, admitting to Superman that she respected and "really liked" Clark, but never told him. Lois is incensed when she find out that Clark is alive and didn't tell her, instead confided in his friend Lana Lang.

Lois and Superman continued to have a friendly, yet distanced relationship, neither really pulling the trigger until the events of the series finale "Legacy", where Superman is briefly turned against the world by Darkseid. After overcoming the threat of Apokolips yet again, Superman admits to Lois that it will take him a long time to restore humanity's faith in him, but Lois assures him he's already got one less human to worry about and kisses him. The two continue to date in the animated Series, Justice League Unlimited.


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