Strobilanthes species, cultivated in Hawaii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Acanthaceae
Genus: Strobilanthes

See text.


Adenacanthus Nees

Strobilanthes is a genus of about 350 species[1] of flowering plants in the family Acanthaceae, mostly native to tropical Asia and Madagascar, but with a few species extending north into temperate regions of Asia. Many species are cultivated for their 2-lipped, hooded flowers in shades of blue, pink, white and purple. Most are frost-tender and require protection in frost-prone areas.[2]

Selected species
  • Strobilanthes acrocephala
  • Strobilanthes affinis
  • Strobilanthes angustifrons
  • Strobilanthes anisophyllus
  • Strobilanthes atropurpurea
  • Strobilanthes attenuata
  • Strobilanthes auriculata
  • Strobilanthes bheriensis
  • Strobilanthes bracteata
  • Strobilanthes capitata
  • Strobilanthes callosus
  • Strobilanthes cuneata
  • Strobilanthes cusia
  • Strobilanthes cyclus
  • Strobilanthes dalhousieana      
  • Strobilanthes divaricata
  • Strobilanthes dyeriana
  • Strobilanthes extensa
  • Strobilanthes flexicaulis
  • Strobilanthes formosana
  • Strobilanthes forrestii
  • Strobilanthes glandulifera
  • Strobilanthes glutinosa
  • Strobilanthes hamiltoniana
  • Strobilanthes isophylla
  • Strobilanthes ixiocephala
  • Strobilanthes japonica
  • Strobilanthes kunthiana
  • Strobilanthes lachenensis
  • Strobilanthes lamiifolia
  • Strobilanthes longespicata
  • Strobilanthes multidens
  • Strobilanthes nutans
  • Strobilanthes oligantha
  • Strobilanthes oligocephala
  • Strobilanthes pentstemonoides
  • Strobilanthes rankanensis
  • Strobilanthes sabiniana
  • Strobilanthes saccata
  • Strobilanthes subnudata
  • Strobilanthes tamburensis
  • Strobilanthes tetrasperma
  • Strobilanthes thomsonii
  • Strobilanthes triflora
  • Strobilanthes urticifolia
  • Strobilanthes wallichii
  • Strobilanthes yunnanensis
Strobilanthes dyerianus (cultivated)

Strobilanthes atropurpureus is a temperate species, native to eastern Siberia; it is cultivated for its purple flowers.

Strobilanthes dyeriana (Persian shield) is a tropical plant native to Myanmar. It is grown for its dark green foliage with bright, metallic-purple stripes radiating outward from the central leaf vein. In proper conditions, it will also produce pale purple flowers. Persian Shield grows best outdoors in USDA zones 9 and 10, although it can survive in other zones as a houseplant given sufficient temperature, soil moisture and humidity. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3]

Strobilanthes species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaracus, which has been recorded on S. callosus.


  1. Moylan, Elizabeth C.; Bennett, Jonathan R.; Carine, Mark A.; Olmstead, Richard G.; Scotland, Robert W. (2004). "Phylogenetic relationships among Strobilanthes s.l. (Acanthaceae): evidence from ITS nrDNA, trnL-F cpDNA, and morphology" (PDF). American Journal of Botany. American Journal of Botany, Inc. 91 (5): 724–735. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.5.724. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  2. RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
  3. "RHS Plant Selector - Strobilanthes dyeriana". Retrieved 5 July 2013.

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