Statutory authority

Not to be confused with Statutory power, see Statute.

A statutory authority is a body set up by law which is authorised to enact legislation on behalf of the relevant country or state. They are typically found in countries which are governed by a British style of parliamentary democracy such as the UK and British Commonwealth countries like Canada, Australia, New Zealand and India. They are also found in Israel and elsewhere.[1] In Britain, many such bodies are termed QUANGOs because of their semi-autonomous nature.


The goals and objectives of a statutory authority are typically set out in the originating act or in subsequent governmental guidance or instruction. Its senior management are chosen by the relevant government (State or Federal) and will work closely with its associated ministry or ministries.


Federal statutory authorities are typically established under the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997. Statutory authorities at the State or Territory level are established under corresponding State or Territory laws. Each statutory authority tends to have its own enabling legislation, or originating act, even if it was established before the relevant over-riding legislation, For example, the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) was established in 1949 by the Science and Industry Research Act, but it has since come under the jurisdiction of the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997 as legislation covering statutory authorities has evolved.

Laws made by statutory authorities are usually referred to as regulations. They are not cited in the same fashion as an act of parliament, but usually with specific initials (depending on the authority) and a number.

Just as Laws enacted by Parliament, all laws made by a statutory authority must be published in the Government Gazette.


The Parliament of Australia, or a constituent State Parliament, will delegate its Authority to a statutory authority for several reasons;

Statutory Authorities in Australia

The power to enact legislation has been delegated by Australian Parliaments (State and/or Federal) in the following areas;

See also


External links

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