Turrentine in 1976
|Also known as||"Mr. T", "The Sugar Man"|
|Born||April 5, 1934|
|Origin||Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|Died||September 12, 2000 66)(aged|
|Genres||Bebop, hard bop, jazz blues, soul jazz|
|Occupation(s)||Bandleader, composer, saxophonist|
|Labels||Blue Note, Fantasy, CTI, Prestige, Impulse!|
|Associated acts||Shirley Scott, Tommy Turrentine, Jimmy Smith, Freddie Hubbard, Kei Akagi|
Stanley William Turrentine (April 5, 1934 – September 12, 2000) was an American jazz tenor saxophonist. He began his career playing soul jazz and hard bop on a series of classic albums for Blue Note Records, touched on jazz fusion during a stint on CTI Records in the 1970s, and was described by critic Steve Huey as "renowned for his distinctively thick, rippling tone [and] earthy grounding in the blues." Turrentine was married to organist Shirley Scott in the 1960s, with whom he frequently recorded, and was the younger brother of trumpeter Tommy Turrentine.
Turrentine was born in Pittsburgh's Hill District into a musical family. His father, Thomas Turrentine, Sr., was a saxophonist with Al Cooper's Savoy Sultans, his mother played stride piano, and his older brother Tommy Turrentine became a professional trumpet player.
He began his prolific career with blues and rhythm and blues bands, and was at first greatly influenced by Illinois Jacquet. In the 1950s, he went on to play with the groups of Lowell Fulson and Earl Bostic.
Turrentine received his only formal musical training during his military stint in the mid-'50s. In 1959, he left the military and went straight into the band of the drummer Max Roach.
He married the organist Shirley Scott in 1960 and the two frequently played and recorded together. In the 1960s, he started working with organist Jimmy Smith, and made many soul jazz recordings both with Smith and as a leader.
In the 1970s, after his professional split and divorce from Scott, Turrentine turned to jazz fusion and signed for Creed Taylor's CTI label. His first album for CTI, Sugar proved one of his biggest successes and a seminal recording for the label. He worked with Freddie Hubbard, Milt Jackson, George Benson, Bob James, Richard Tee, Idris Muhammad, Ron Carter, Grant Green and Eric Gale, to name a few. He returned to soul jazz in the 1980s and into the 1990s.
Turrentine lived in Fort Washington, Maryland, from the early 90s until his death.
With Shirley Scott
With Kenny Burrell
With Donald Byrd
With Georgie Fame
With Roy Hargrove
With Gene Harris
With Freddie Hubbard
With Duke Jordan
With Diana Krall
With Abbey Lincoln
With Les McCann
With Jimmy McGriff
With Horace Parlan
With Duke Pearson
With Ike Quebec
With Dizzy Reece
With Max Roach
With Mongo Santamaria
With Marlena Shaw
With Horace Silver
With Jimmy Smith
With Art Taylor
With Tommy Turrentine
- "NPR's Jazz Profiles: Stanley Turrentine". Retrieved 2007-06-06.
- Nowlin, Rick (2000-09-13). "Obituary: Hill District-born jazz great Turrentine dies". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2007-06-06.
- Stanley Turrentine Hard Bop Homepage accessed March 23, 2011
- Stanley Turrentine biography All About Jazz accessed January 6, 2010
- Stanley Turrentine at Find a Grave