Stanisław Mackiewicz

Stanisław Mackiewicz

Stanisław Mackiewicz
Prime Minister of the Polish Republic in Exile
In office
8 June 1954  21 June 1955
Preceded by Jerzy Hryniewski
Succeeded by Hugon Hanke
Member of the Sejm
In office
Personal details
Born (1896-12-18)18 December 1896
Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died 18 February 1966(1966-02-18) (aged 69)
Warsaw, Poland
Resting place Powązki Cemetery, Warsaw
Nationality Polish
Political party BBWR
Occupation Politician, writer
Religion Roman Catholicism

Stanisław "Cat" Mackiewicz (18 December 1896 in Saint Petersburg, Russia – 18 February 1966 in Warsaw, Poland) was a conservative Polish writer, journalist and monarchist.

Interwar journalist Adolf Maria Bocheński called him the foremost political journalist of the interbellum Second Polish Republic.[1]


Mackiewicz was born into a Polish family that had historically used the Bożawola coat-of-arms.

Mackiewicz joined the Polish Military Organisation in 1917 and served as a volunteer in the Polish Army during the Polish-Soviet War of 1919–21. He published and the editor-in-chief of the independent Wilno (Vilnius) periodical titled "Słowo," wholly financially supported by the noble families of the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania. He actively promoted the idea of the so-called Jagellonian Poland, i.e., return to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth style of governance in Eastern Europe.

He supported Józef Piłsudski[2] and in 1928–35 served as a deputy to the Sejm (Poland's parliament), representing the Piłsudskiite Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government.

After Piłsudski's death in 1935, Mackiewicz criticized the ruling elite and in 1939 was imprisoned for 17 days at the Bereza Kartuska detention camp.

On 18 September 1939, a day after the Soviet attack on eastern Poland during the Soviet-German Invasion of Poland, he left Poland.

Following the Yalta Conference and subsequent occupation by Stalin of Poland and the later establishment of the Communist Poland, Mackiewicz, like so many other political exiles, remained abroad and was politically active in the Polish émigré community. He served as prime minister of the Polish government-in-exile in 1954–55 .

In 1956, Mackiewicz returned to Poland, where he continued writing under the pseudonym of Gaston de Cerizay.[3]

He was the older brother of ardent enemy of the communist system, writer Józef Mackiewicz.


See also


  1. Piotr Zychowicz: W obronie Stanisława Augusta at Rzeczpospolita, 22 January 2010.
  2. Krzysztof Masłoń: Błazeńska czapka Cata-Mackiewicza at Rzeczpospolita, 4 August 2010.
  3. Neubauer, John (editor) 2009 The Exile and Return of Writers from East-Central Europe: A Compendium, Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co, Berlin ISBN 978-3-11-021773-5 (p. 177)
Political offices
Preceded by
Jerzy Hryniewski
Prime Minister of the Polish Republic in Exile
Succeeded by
Hugon Hanke
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