Sport in Catalonia
Most of the Catalan Sports Federations have a lot of tradition and some of them participated in the foundation of International Sports Federations, as the Catalan Federation of Rugby, that was one of the founder members of the Fédération Internationale de Rugby Amateur (FIRA) in 1934.
Catalonia has officially recognised national teams in some sports competing in world and European championships as Catalonia, but in most sports Catalan sportspeople compete within Spanish national teams.
The best Catalan teams use to participate in European competitions.
Football is considered the most important sport in Catalonia and was introduced in the late 19th century by a combination of British immigrant workers, visiting sailors and students returning from Britain.
Catalonia also began to produce a number of football clubs including Palamós Foot-Ball Club founded in 1898 and Català SC and Foot-Ball Club Barcelona, both founded in 1899. Soon there were enough clubs to organize a league and in December 1900, Alfons Macaya, the president of Hispania AC, offered a trophy, La Copa Macaya, that eventually evolved into the Catalonia championships that were played until 1940, when they were disbanded during Franco's dictatorship.
Today, football in Catalonia is organized by the Catalonia Football Federation, founded in 1903, and teams from Catalonia compete in La Liga, the Copa del Rey, the Copa Catalunya and several European competitions as the UEFA Champions League and the UEFA Europa League.
Basketball was played for the first time in Catalonia in 1913, in the school Vallparadís of Terrassa, encouraged by Alexandre Galí and Artur Martorell. After the First World War the Frenchman Emile Tiberghien incorporated the basketball in his gym in Barcelona. Despite these early experiences, it's commonly accepted that basketball was introduced in Catalonia in 1922 by Father Eusebi Millan when organized the first team in the School "Escoles Pies de St. Anton" in Barcelona.
That year, 1922, was born the first club in Catalonia, the Basketball-Ball Laietà Club (now Club Esportiu Laietà). In those days, basketball was developed mainly through the educational centers and associations of popular and Catholic character. The first game is played in the field of CE Europa on 8 December 1922, with a final scoreboard: Europa 8-Laietà 2.
On 15 April 1923 began the first Catalan Basketball Championship that was played until 1957 (except the period of the Civil War). It was undoubtedly the most important competition held in Catalonia before the birth of the Spanish league.
FC Barcelona Bàsquet (2 Euroleagues) and Joventut Badalona (1 Euroleague) are the most successful Catalan basketball teams. Some Catalan players are or have been playing in the NBA, as Pau Gasol, Raúl López, Juan Carlos Navarro, Marc Gasol and Ricky Rubio.
In 1941 were played the first handball matches in Catalonia and one year later was founded a Handball Federation in Catalonia. Then handball was developed over Catalonia, increasing the number of teams every year, being 80 clubs in 1958. Barcelona held the first European Clubs Cup in 1958, a competition ideated by the French Federation.
For the decades of 40's and 50's some handball competitions were held with 11 players, like the Catalonia Championships. But finally the 7 players game was the one that continued.
During the 80's and 90's decades the Catalan Federation organized the Catalonian league, played by the best Catalan clubs. On 1997 was replaced by the Pirenees league adding teams from the south of France and the coorganization of the Ligue Languedoc Roussillon. FC Barcelona is the team that has won more times both competitions.
FC Barcelona is one of the best clubs of Europe, with 8 EHF Champions Leagues, 5 EHF Cup Winner's Cups, 18 Liga ASOBAL, 12 Catalonian Leagues, 12 Pirenees leagues, and several more cups. BM Granollers is the other historical Catalan handball club that plays in the Liga ASOBAL.
The first rink hockey match played in Catalonia was in 1915 with the Indian Hoquei Club and the Sport Hoquei Club, but it were only the preliminaries. In 1925 some matches were played regularly and in 1928 was founded the Catalan Federation. The first Catalonia's Championship was played in 1930 and began a full developing for the sport around Catalonia.
In the 1992 Summer Olympics, held in Barcelona, Roller hockey was one of three demonstration sports included in the official Olympic programme. This sport's widespread popularity and the existence of top-level competitive teams in Catalonia (such as FC Barcelona and Reus Deportiu) prompted the Organizing Committee to suggest its inclusion in the Olympic programme.
In 2004 the Federació Catalana de Patinatge was admitted by the International Roller Sports Federation (FIRS) as a provisional member, and as such it took part in the 2004 Rink Hockey World Championship B in Macau. Catalonia national team won all its matches and was crowned as 2004 B's World Champions and gained the right to be in the 2005 Rink Hockey World Championship. But in the following FIRS congress, in Fresno, the official recognition was revoked because of the opposition of the Spanish federation, in an assembly full of irregularities as the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) ruled. in the case known as the Fresno Case. A new assembly was thus held in Rome, as the CAS verdict had decided, and Catalonia's application was rejected again. Because of this decision, Catalonia could not participate in the 2005 World Championship, that finally was won by Spain, with a team composed by all the players from Catalonia.
Since 2004, Catalonia national teams have competed in the Blanes Golden Cup with other national teams, winning the trophy six times by the men's team and three times by the ladies team.
In 2006 the Catalan roller skating Federation was admitted to the South American Rink Hockey Confederation and nowadays plays in the South American Championships. In 2010, the Catalonia men's team won the Copa America, and in 2011 the women's national team won also the competition.
Motorsport has a long tradition in Catalonia involving many people, with some world champions and several competitions organized since the beginning of the 20th century. The Circuit de Catalunya, built in 1991, is one of the main motorsport venues, holding the Catalan motorcycle Grand Prix, the Spanish F1 Grand Prix, a DTM race, and several other races. Also of note is the Montjuïc street circuit which regularly hosted the Spanish F1 and motorcycle Grands Prix up to the 1970s.
Motorcycling is one of the historical sports, with motorcycle road racing world champions as Àlex Crivillé, Sito Pons, Emilio Alzamora and Dani Pedrosa. In addition Sete Gibernau was one of the top Grand Prix riders in the first half of the 2000s. Also there are many Catalan Motorcycle manufacturers as Derbi, Bultaco, Gas Gas, Montesa and OSSA.
Motorcycle trials is also a sport practized by many Catalans, as the world champions Jordi Tarrés (7 times), Adam Raga (6 times), Toni Bou (10 times) and Laia Sanz (11 times), and many competitions are arganized around the country.
Rallies have several Catalan motorcycle champions as Nani Roma (1 Dakar Rally), Marc Coma ( 3 Rally Dakar and 3 times rallies cross country world champion), Jordi Arcarons (4 times runner-up in the Dakar Rally) and recently Laia Sanz (First Female Category Dakar Rally 2011). In car rallies, the Rally Catalunya is one of the races of the World Rally Championship since 1991. The first edition of Rally Catalunya was in 1957.
In 1904 was founded the Lawn Tennis Association of Barcelona, who joined as a full member in the Lawn Tennis Association (the international federation in those days). Later, in 1913, it was transformed into Lawn Tennis Association of Catalonia. In 1917 was played the first Catalan Tennis Championship. In all these tournaments, the Barcelona LT was an important organizer.
In 1923 was played the first Indoor World Championship in Barcelona.
Some Catalan players have won Roland Garros: Sergi Bruguera (1993, 1994), Albert Costa (2002) and Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (1989, 1994, 1998); US Open: Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (1994), and the Masters Cup: Àlex Corretja (1998). And also some medals have been won by Catalan tennis players in the Olympic Games: Jordi Arrese, silver in 1992, Sergi Bruguera, silver in 1996, Arantxa Sánchez Vicario, silver in 1996 and silver in 1992 in doubles.
The main tournament is Torneo Godó, held in Barcelona on clay surface.
Sports with officially recognized Catalonia national team
Korfball has been played in Catalonia since 1982, and is managed by the Catalan Korfball Federation (FCK).
In 1997 the International Korfball Federation admitted the Catalan Federation of Korfball as a provisional member, and in 2005 it was granted full membership.
Catalonia's national team has played 4 World Championships, reaching the 4th place in 2011, 3 European Championships -with a 5th place in 2010 and a 6th place in 2006- and has won the 2005 Korfball European Bowl.
The Catalan competition is divided into a "First division" and 2 "Second divisions" with a number of teams such as C.K. Vacarisses, C.E. Vilanova i la Geltrú, C.K. Assessoria Vallparadís, C.K. Cerdanyola, C.K. Badalona - La Rotllana, Sant Llorenç K.C., Unió Korfbalera Sant Adrià de Besòs, K.C. Barcelona, C.K. Castellbisbal, K.E.C.A., Korfball Valldemia and A.A.E.I.E.S. Secretari Coloma de Barcelona.
Pitch and putt
Pitch and putt is played in Catalonia since the "1980's" when Martin Withelaw build a course in Solius (Santa Cristina d'Aro, Girona). The interest on Pitch and putt has been growing since then, with more than 14,000 players in 2008 associated to Catalan Federation of Pitch and Putt (FCPP), and more than 30 courses.
In 1999 the "Associació Catalana de Pitch and putt" was one of the founders of the European Pitch and Putt Association, the governing body that develops pitch and putt in Europe and stages a biennial European Team Championships, which Catalonia won in 2010 and has reached the second place three times.
In 2006 the "Federació Catalana de Pitch and putt" participated in the creation of the Federation of International Pitch and Putt Associations (FIPPA), that stages a World Cup, that Catalonia has won twice (2004 and 2006)
Futsal in Catalonia is managed by Catalonia Futsal Federation (FCFS) (Federació Catalana de Futbol Sala), affiliated to European Union of Futsal in 2004 and recognised by the World Futsal association (AMF) in 2006. And it's also managed by Catalonia Football Federation (FCF) for the teams that play the FIFA game.
Catalonia national futsal teams represent Catalonia in AMF World Cups and UEFS Futsal Championships.
Catalonia men's national team has played five times the UEFS European Championships, reaching the second place in 2006, and twice in AMF Futsal World Cup, in 2007 and 2011. Also played in the 2007 AMF World Tournament in Yakutia, with the sixth place.
The Catalan Bowling Federation was admitted by the International Federation of Bowling in 2007.
In nine-pin bowling, Catalonia national team played in the 2011 World Championship in Sarajevo.
Catalan skittles (Catalan: Bitlles catalanes) are also an ancient Catalan game, early documented in years 1376 and 1402, that consists in knocking down exactly five of the six skittles.
The first competition took part in 2008, with 3 teams. In 2009 the first Catalonia Championship was played, with 9 teams.
Catalonia national team played their first competition in 2009, the RLEF Euro Med Challenge, with Morocco and Belgium. as opponents. Before this, they had played two test matches with Czech Republic and Morocco. In 2010 they played with Czech Republic in Prague.
Australian rules football
Australian rules football has been played in Catalonia since 2000 and is organized by the Catalan Australian Football League (LFAC). Catalonia is member of the Aussie Rules International and Aussie Rules Europe, and has played 4 European Cups (2005, 2007, 2008 and 2010).
The LFAC was officially created in 2005 and the first teams joining were Belfry Valls, Cornellà Bocs, Valls Fire and Alt Camp.
In 2009 the Catalan league is played by teams of several territories that speak Catalan language: Belfry Valls, Cornellà Bocs (southern Catalonia), Andorra Crows (Andorra), and Perpinyà (Northern Catalonia).
The Catalan Darts Federation was recognised by World Darts Federation in September 2011, playing the 2011 World Cup in Ireland.
The Associació de Quidditch de Catalunya was officially recognized as an independent NGB by the International Quidditch Association in 2015. Their first appearance was in the 2015 IQA European Games held in Sarteano, Italy. They reached seventh place out of twelve teams, beating Team Spain 160*–70.
In the same way as much of the rest of Europe, cycling was one of the first sports to gain popularity in Catalonia, since the 1880s. The first cycling body was the Club Velocipèdic of Barcelona (1884) followed by the Sport Ciclista Català. In 1893 the Bonanova velodrome was built with a length of 400 meters, considered one of the best in Europe at the time. In 1895 the Reus velodrome and in 1896 the Lleida velodrome were constructed.
In 1897 the Catalan Cycling Union was founded, which governed cycling in Catalonia.
The main velodrome in Catalonia is the Velòdrom d'Horta.
Rugby union was introduced in Southern Catalonia in 1921, when Baldiri Aleu i Torres founded the Unió Esportiva Santboiana. In 1922 the Catalan Rugby Federation was founded, which was one of the founding members of the Paris-based FIRA – Association of European Rugby, from which it was expelled at the behest of Franco's fascist regime. It has still to be readmitted.
Swimming was introduced in Catalonia by Bernat Picornell, founder of Club Natació Barcelona in 1907. In 1908 this club organized the first Copa Nadal swimming race in the Barcelona Harbour and the first water polo match. Main waterpolo clubs are CN Barcelona (1 Euroleague), CN Catalunya (1 Euroleague), CNA Barceloneta and CN Sabadell (1 LEN Women's Champions' Cup).
In 1907, alumni of the Ateneu Calasanç in Terrassa began playing field hockey, a sport that already practiced the English people living in Catalonia, and founded the Lawn Hoquei Club Calassanç in 1911. Terrassa is where traditionally has been practised, with a lot of teams as Egara (2 EuroHockey Club Champions Cup), Atlètic de Terrassa (2 EuroHockey Club Champions Cup, RC Polo (1 EuroHockey Club Champions Cup) and CD Terrassa.
Major sports facilities
Catalonia has several of the best sports facilities in the world:
Notes and references
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- "El Tas dona la raó a Catalunya davant la FIRS" (in Catalan). Esportiu digital. 16 July 2005.
- "CIRHC4_20_02_05WCH_A_English" (PDF). CIRH.
- "Catalunya guanya la Golden Cup d'hoquei patins imposant-se a la selecció mundial als penals" (in Catalan). Catalan Television. 19 June 2011.
- "Golejada i titol per a Catalunya" (in Catalan). El 9 esportiu. 4 June 2007.
- "La via sud-americana" (in Catalan). Avui. 7 December 2006.
- "Catalunya podrà competir en tornejos oficials de la Confederació Sud-americana de patinatge" (in Catalan). 3cat24.cat.
- "Catalunya guanya la Copa Amèrica d'hoquei patins" (in Catalan). Vilaweb. 27 June 2010.
- "La selecció femenina de Catalunya d'hoquei patins femení guanya la Copa Amèrica" (in Catalan). Esport3. 13 November 2011.
- "Catalunya, reconocida por la FIK" (PDF) (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. October 30, 2005.
- "2007 WC Korfball".
- "2011 World Korfball Championship". IKF. 2011.
- "IKF European Championship: Netherlands win gold". IKF. 31 October 2010.
- "2006 Korfball European Championship".
- "Catalan teams dominate Europa Shield - Vallparadís wins gold". International Korfball Federation. 1 February 2009.
- "CK Vallparadis wins 10th edition of the IKF Europa Shield". International Korfball Federation. 31 January 2011.
- "EPPA History".
- "Catalonia won the European Team championship for the first time at Lloret Papalus". FIPPA.
- "EC History".
- "Catalonia: World Champions". FIPPA.
- "Catalonia: World Champions again !". FIPPA.
- "UEFS countries". UEFS.
- "AMF website". AMF.
- "Reus 2008".
- "2007 FIQ Congress: Jessie Phua elected president". FIQ.
- "El FC Barcelona guanya la primera Copa Catalunya de Rugbi Lliga" (in Catalan). Vilaweb. 19 April 2008.
- "El BUC s'adjudica el Campionat de Catalunya de rugby lliga" (in Catalan). EsportCatala. 8 June 2009.
- "Catalunya debuta oficialment amb derrota davant el Marroc en l'Euro Med Challenge de rugbi a XIII (6-29)" (in Catalan). Esport3. 5 July 2009.
- "Catalunya s'acomiada de l'Euro Med Challenge en perdre contra Bèlgica (28-22)" (in Catalan). 3cat24.cat. 25 July 2009.
- "2005 EU Cup".
- "2008 EU Cup results".
- "FIT Gains new Associate Member". FIT. 10 October 2009.
- "2011 Touch World Cup".
- "18th WDF General Meeting - A brief summary". WDF. September 28, 2011.
- "La Federació Catalana de Dards, reconeguda internacionalment" (in Catalan). VilaWeb. 20 September 2011.
- "Catalunya és admesa com a selecció per la Federació Mundial de Dards i debuta avui a Irlanda" (in Catalan). Diari Ara. 20 September 2011.