|Full name||Sparta Rotterdam|
De Kasteelheren |
(The Castle Lords)
De Rood-Witte Gladiatoren (The Red-White Gladiators)
|Founded||April 1, 1888|
Het Kasteel (The Castle)|
|Website||Club home page|
Sparta Rotterdam (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈspɑrtaː ˌrɔtərˈdɑm]) is a Dutch professional football club based in Rotterdam. Established on 1 April 1888, Sparta Rotterdam is the oldest professional football team in the Netherlands.
In the 2016-17 season, Sparta will play in the Eredivisie, the top tier of Dutch professional football. The club is one of three professional football clubs from Rotterdam, the others being Excelsior (est. 1902) and Feyenoord (1908).
On 1 April 1888 several students from Rotterdam founded a cricket club called Sparta. In July 1888, a football branch of the club was established. In 1890 Sparta played its first real football match, and in 1892 Sparta disbanded the cricket branch. Sparta was promoted to the highest league of Dutch football on 23 April 1893. In 1897, Sparta withdrew from the competition after continuous dubious arbitration of Sparta matches. However, the club continued to exist, and in 1899, the board of Sparta visited a match of Sunderland. Impressed with the red-white jersey of the English club, the board decided that Sunderland's colours (red-white striped jersey, black shorts) would henceforth be the colours of Sparta.
In 1905, Sparta initiated and organised the first home match of the Dutch national team, against Belgium. The match, won 4–0 by the Netherlands, was a rematch of a game two weeks prior, when the Netherlands beat Belgium 4–1 in Antwerp, Belgium.
The first match at Sparta's new stadium, Het Kasteel (The Castle), in the Spangen area of west Rotterdam, was played on 14 October 1916. The stadium was renovated in 1999 and is still Sparta's stadium.
Until the 2002–03 season Sparta Rotterdam had always played at the highest level, but they were relegated from the top-level Eredivisie in 2002. Sparta returned to the Eredivisie for the 2005–06 season. They were relegated again in 2010. On 20 August 2010 they equalled Ajax's and Heracles Almelo's Dutch league record win when they defeated Almere City 12–1 with Johan Voskamp scoring an Eerste Divisie record 8 goals on his debut. After six years in the Eerste Divisie, Sparta again won promotion to the Eredivisie in April 2016 after a 3-1 win over Jong Ajax won them an unassailable lead over second placed VVV Venlo.
Sparta has won six national titles (1909, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1915 and 1959) and three national cups (1958, 1962 and 1966).
The best football (soccer) players of Rotterdam and Antwerp contested a yearly match between 1909 and 1959 for the Meuse- and Scheldt Cup (Maas- en Schelde Beker). It was agreed to play the game at stadium Het Kasteel [ Sparta Rotterdam ] in Rotterdam [The Netherlands] and at stadium De Bosuil [ Royal Antwerp Football Club ] in Antwerp [Belgium]. The cup was provided in 1909 by Kees van Hasselt from Rotterdam and P. Havenith from Antwerp.
The Sparta Jeugdopleiding (English, Sparta Youth Academy) is a four star certified youth academy, and amongst the strongest in the Nation having won the National academy of the year award on several occasions. Several International footballers have progressed through the ranks of the academy, including Danny Blind, Danny Koevermans, David Mendes da Silva, Ed de Goey, Winston Bogarde, Memphis Depay, Henk Fräser, Jan van Beveren, Anwar El Ghazi, Jetro Willems, John de Wolf, Kevin Strootman and Nick Viergever amongst others.
- KNVB Cup: 3
- 1957–58, 1961–62, 1965–66
- Eerste Klasse (District West): 10
- 1909, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1915, 1916, 1925, 1929, 1953, 1956
- Silver Ball: 8
- 1910, 1913, 1923, 1925, 1929, 1934, 1935, 1951
- NBLO Cup: 3
- 1909, 1910, 1911
- Princess Juliana Cup: 2
- 1953, 1954
Below is a table with Sparta Rotterdam's domestic results since the introduction of the Eredivisie in 1956.
|Domestic Results since 1956|
|Domestic league||League result||Qualification to||KNVB Cup season||Cup result|
|2015–16 Eerste Divisie||1st||Eredivisie||2015-16||third round|
|2014–15 Eerste Divisie||8th||-||2014-15||third round|
|2013–14 Eerste Divisie||16th||promotion/relegation play-offs: no promotion||2013-14||second round|
|2012–13 Eerste Divisie||3rd||promotion/relegation play-offs: no promotion||2012-13||third round|
|2011–12 Eerste Divisie||2nd||promotion/relegation play-offs: no promotion||2011-12||round of 16|
|2010–11 Eerste Divisie||9th||-||2010-11||third round|
|2009–10 Eredivisie||16th||Eerste Divisie (losing promo./releg. play-offs)||2009-10||quarter-final|
|2008–09 Eredivisie||13th||-||2008-09||round of 16|
|2007–08 Eredivisie||13th||-||2007-08||third round|
|2006–07 Eredivisie||13th||- (after losing IC-play-offs)||2006-07||round of 16|
|2005–06 Eredivisie||14th||-||2005-06||second round|
|2004–05 Eerste Divisie||2nd||Eredivisie (winning promotion/releg. play-offs)||2004-05||second round|
|2003–04 Eerste Divisie||3rd||promotion/relegation play-offs: no promotion||2003-04||semi-final|
|2002–03 Eerste Divisie||8th||-||2002-03||third round|
|2001–02 Eredivisie||17th||Eerste Divisie (losing promo./releg. play-offs)||2001-02||second round|
|2000–01 Eredivisie||17th||- (surviving promotion/relegation play-offs)||2000-01||third round|
|1999–2000 Eredivisie||13th||-||1999-2000||second round|
|1998–99 Eredivisie||17th||- (surviving promotion/relegation play-offs)||1998-99||second round|
|1997–98 Eredivisie||13th||-||1997-98||second round|
|1996–97 Eredivisie||13th||-||1996-97||second round|
|1994–95 Eredivisie||14th||-||1994-95||round of 16|
|1993–94 Eredivisie||9th||-||1993-94||third round|
|1992–93 Eredivisie||13th||-||1992-93||round of 16|
|1990–91 Eredivisie||13th||-||1990-91||round of 16|
|1989–90 Eredivisie||12th||-||1989-90||first round|
|1988–89 Eredivisie||12th||-||1988-89||round of 16|
|1987–88 Eredivisie||12th||-||1987-88||first round|
|1986–87 Eredivisie||8th||-||1986-87||round of 16|
|1985–86 Eredivisie||7th||-||1985-86||first round|
|1984–85 Eredivisie||4th||UEFA Cup||1984-85||quarter-final|
|1983–84 Eredivisie||5th||-||1983-84||round of 16|
|1982–83 Eredivisie||4th||UEFA Cup||1982-83||second round|
|1980–81 Eredivisie||7th||-||1980-81||second round|
|1976–77 Eredivisie||7th||-||1976-77||second round|
|1975–76 Eredivisie||10th||-||1975-76||second round|
|1973–74 Eredivisie||8th||-||1973-74||round of 16|
|1970–71 Eredivisie||6th||Cup Winners' Cup||1970-71||final|
|1969–70 Eredivisie||5th||Inter-Cities Fairs Cup||1969-70||second round|
|1966–67 Eredivisie||3rd||-||1966-67||round of 16|
|1965–66 Eredivisie||7th||Cup Winners' Cup||1965-66||winners|
|1964–65 Eredivisie||5th||-||1964-65||first round|
|1963–64 Eredivisie||14th||-||1963-64||round of 16|
|1962–63 Eredivisie||3rd||-||1962-63||third round|
|1961–62 Eredivisie||9th||Cup Winners' Cup||1961-62||winners|
|1959–60 Eredivisie||7th||-||not held||not held|
|1958–59 Eredivisie||1st||European Cup||1958-59||?|
Sparta in Europe
- Q = Qualifying Round
- 1R = First Round
- 2R = Second Round
- 3R = Third Round
- 1/4 = Quarter Final
|1959–60||European Cup||1R||IFK Göteborg||3–1, 1–3, 3–1|
|1/4||Rangers||2–3, 1–0, 2–3|
|1962–63||UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||Q||Lausanne-Sport||0–3, 4–2|
|1966–67||UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||1R||Floriana||1–1, 6–0|
|1970–71||Inter-Cities Fairs Cup||1R||ÍA Akranes||6–0, 9–0|
|3R||Bayern Munich||1–2, 1–3|
|1971–72||UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||1R||Levski-Spartak||1–1, 2–0|
|2R||Red Star Belgrade||1–1, 1–2|
|1983–84||UEFA Cup||1R||Coleraine||4–0, 1–1|
|2R||FC Carl Zeiss Jena||3–2, 1–1|
|3R||Spartak Moscow||1–1, 0–2|
|1985–86||UEFA Cup||1R||Hamburger SV||2–0, 0–2 (4–3 n.p.)|
|2R||Borussia Mönchengladbach||1–1, 1–5|
- As of 4 August 2016
For recent transfers, see List of Dutch football transfers summer 2016
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
- Sparta evenaart record Ajax en Heracles - De Telegraaf (Dutch)
- Acht treffers bij debuut - De Telegraaf (Dutch)
- Sparta Rotterdam terug in de eredivisie - NOS (Dutch)
- "Jeugdopleiding Sparta beoordeeld met 4 sterren". Rijnmond TV. 2013-02-01. Retrieved 2015-12-04.
- Hamilton, Chloe (1995-10-22). "Exponenten uit de jeugdopleiding van Sparta Rotterdam". Sparta Jeugdopleiding. Retrieved 2012-08-03.