Spanish local elections, 2015
The 2015 Spanish local elections were held on Sunday, 24 May 2015, throughout all 8,122 Spain municipalities, simultaneously with regional elections in 13 of the 17 autonomous communities—all except for Andalusia, the Basque Country, Catalonia, and Galicia. All 67,515 councillors were up for election, as well as 153 seats of the 3 Basque Juntas Generales, 153 seats of the 7 Canarian cabildos and the indirectly-elected 1,040 seats of the 38 provincial deputations.
The number of seats in each city council was determined by the population count. According to the municipal electoral law, the population-seat relationship on each municipality was to be established on the following scale:
Additionally, for populations greater than 100,000, 1 seat was to be added per each 100,000 inhabitants or fraction, according to the most updated census data, and adding 1 more seat if the resulting seat count gives an even number.
All city council members were elected in single multi-member districts, consisting of the municipality's territory, using the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation system. Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. Only lists polling above 5% of valid votes in all of the municipality (which include blank ballots—for none of the above) were entitled to enter the seat distribution.
The Spanish municipal electoral law established a clause stating that, if no candidate was to gather an absolute majority of votes to be elected as mayor of a municipality, the candidate of the most-voted party would be automatically elected to the post.
The provincial deputations were elected indirectly by a council which in turn was elected from the judicial districts. The apportionment of deputies per province depends on population and was given as follows:
After Podemos' success in the European Parliament election of 2014, the party decided not to directly contest the local elections scheduled for May 2015, but instead to focus on the regional and general elections to be held throughout 2015. Instead, they opted for the Guanyem Barcelona formula, popular unity municipal candidacies comprising different parties and social movements. The model was reproduced in many cities under the name Ganemos (Let's Win).
United Left, the traditional left-wing third party of Spain, also started debating on joining these local coalitions. However, this option was not well received by some party sectors, particularly their Madrid branch, who feared that the party would lose its identity if it joined these coalitions. The first attempt at a joint candidacy that included Podemos and United Left, among others, succeeded in Barcelona with Guanyem Barcelona, later Barcelona en Comú, under activist Ada Colau's leadership.
Another national party that decided to participate in most of these unitary candidacies was Equo, as well as minoritary parties like PUM+J, Socialist Alternative, Republican Alternative, ANOVA, or Initiative for Catalonia Greens. The unitary lists also included individuals from social movements like the anti-eviction PAH, 15M, o the so-called mareas (Spanish for "tides") made up of workers from different service sectors like teachers, Public Health System workers or young people forced to migrate as a consequence of the 2008–15 Spanish financial crisis.
- "Organic Law 5/1985, of 19 June, of the General Electoral Regime. Title III, Special Provisions for Municipal Elections.".
- "Iglesias eludes the locals in order to arrive with strength to the general election" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 2014-09-22.
- "United Left plans to join the 'Ganemos'" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 2014-08-17.
- "Somos IU, against joining the Ganemos" (in Spanish). El País. 2014-11-06.
- "ICV, EUiA, Podemos, Guanyem and Procés Constituent work towards a joint list" (in Spanish). Público. 2014-11-25.
- "Equo joints the 'Ganemos' platforms for the locals" (in Spanish). El País. 2014-11-03.
- "We are part of Ganemos Madrid" (in Spanish). Porunmundomasjusto.es. 2014-11-03.
- "We are part of Ganemos Madrid" (in Spanish). La Voz de Galicia. 2015-04-23.
- "Guanyem, ICV-EUiA and Podemos agree on their alliance in Barcelona" (in Spanish). El País. 2015-01-20.