Southern Kurdish

Southern Kurdish
پاڵەوانی، کوردی خوارگ
Native to Eastern Iraq, Western Iran
Native speakers
5 million in Iran (2000)[1]
  • Bayray
  • Feyli
  • Garrusi (Bijari)
  • Kermanshahi
  • Kolyai
  • Kordali
  • Malekshahi
  • Sanjabi
  • Laki
  • Kalhori
  • Zangana
Hawar alphabet, Perso-Arabic (Sorani alphabet)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 sdh
Glottolog sout2640[2]
Linguasphere 58-AAA-c

Southern Kurdish (کوردی خوارگ; kurdîy xwarig, also called (Pałewanî; پاڵەوانی) is a Kurdish dialect predominantly spoken in western Iran and eastern Iraq. In Iran, it is spoken in the provinces of Kermanshah (Kirmaşan) and Ilam. In Iraq it is spoken in the region of Khanaqin (Xaneqîn), all the way to Mandali, Pehle. It has more than one million speakers in the city of Baghdad. It is also the dialect of the populous Kurdish Kakayî-Kakavand tribe near Kirkuk and most Yarsani kurds in Kermanshah province. There are also populous diasporas of Palewani-speakers found in the Alburz mountains.

Native speakers use various different alphabets to write Pałewani, the most common ones are extensions of the standard Kurdish alphabets.

The extension consists of an extra vowel, "ۊ" for the Arabic-based Sorani script and "ü" for the Latin-based Kurmanji script.

IPA Latin letter Arabic letter
ü ۊ


The subdialects of Southern Kurdish are:

See also


  1. Southern Kurdish at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Southern Kurdish". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. Vahid-e-Ranjbar, Dastur-e Zaban-e Kurdi-ye Kermanshahi. Kermanshah: Taq-Bostan. 1388
Southern Kurdish test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator

Additional sources

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