South Korean legislative election, 1992

South Korean legislative election, 1992
South Korea
24 March 1992

All 299 seats to the National Assembly of South Korea
150 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 71.9%
  Majority party Minority party Third party
Leader Roh Tae-woo Kim Dae-jung Chung Ju-yung
Party Democratic Liberal Democratic United People's
Leader since 10 July 1987 (DJP)
March 1990
12 November 1987 (PDP)
16 September 1991
Feb 1992
Leader's seat not contesting
PR List 1 PR List 3
Last election 125 seats, 34.0%(DJP) 70 seats, 29.2%(PDP) none
Seats before 218 76 none(?)
Seats won 149 97 31
Seat change Decrease 69 Increase 21 Increase31
Popular vote 7,923,718 6,004,578 3,574,419
Percentage 38,5% 29.2% 17.4
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
South Korea

Parliamentary elections were held in South Korea on 25 March 1992.[1] The result was a victory for the Democratic Liberal Party, which won 149 of the 299 seats in the National Assembly. However, DLP's seats shorten from 218 to 149 seats, less than half of whole seats, so this regarded as retreat. Voter turnout was 71.9%.


The ruling Democratic Liberal Party was formed in 1990 through the merger of the former ruling Democratic Justice Party along with two opposition parties, the Reunification Democratic Party (RDP) and the New Democratic Republican Party (NDRP). DLP gain 218 seats, which is bigger than 2/3 of whole seats. The party supported President Roh Tae-woo and included among its members former opposition leader Kim Young-sam and former Prime Minister of South Korea Kim Jong-pil.

The leading opposition party was the Democratic Party. It was formed in 1991 through the merger of the Party for Peace and Democracy led by Kim Dae Jung and former members of the NDRP with the minor Democratic Party. The party was co-led by Kim and Lee Kitack. DP got 97 seats, which was almost reach 100 seats (one third of the whole seats) for "protect constitution".

The United People's Party was a conservative, centrist, Economic nationalism, pro-business party led by businessmen Chung Ju Yung of hyundai. The party campaigned heavily on the issue of the economy and the poor record of President Roh's government. Despite of new party, UPP won 31 seats, which is more than 10% of the seats with 17.4% of vote. It joined the opposition.

These major three parties competed in presidential elections on 19 December, which ended with DLP candidate, Kim Young-sam's victory.


Party Votes % Seats +/–
Democratic Liberal Party7,923,71938.5149Decrease69
Democratic Party6,004,57729.297Increase21
United People's Party3,574,41917.431New
New Political Reform Party369,0441.81New
People's Party319,0411.50New
Fairness People's Party21,0070.10New
Invalid/blank votes259,670
Source: Nohlen et al.


  1. Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume II, p420 ISBN 0-19-924959-8
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