South Korean legislative election, 1985

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
South Korea

Parliamentary elections were held in South Korea on 12 February 1985.[1] The result was a victory for the Democratic Justice Party, which won 148 of the 276 seats in the National Assembly. Voter turnout was 84.6%.


The ruling Democratic Justice Party (DJP) of President Chun Doo-hwan managed to remain the largest party in the National Assembly but faced a tougher challenge from the united opposition.

The New Korea Democratic Party (NKDP) was formed by former members of the Democratic Korea Party, notably opposition leaders Kim Dae Jung and Kim Young-sam. The party made strong gains across the country, largely thanks to its focus on greater democratic rights.

The Korean National Party had been formed by former members of the (DJP) in the run-up to the 1981 elections. After making some key gains, the party lost ground in these elections, largely thanks to the gains of the NKDP.

The opposition Democratic Korea Party had been the premier opposition party following the 1981 elections, however it suffered major defections to the NKDP. The loss of Dae Jung and Young-sam were seen as crucial to the party's setbacks.


Party Votes % Seats +/–
Democratic Justice Party7,040,81135.2148–3
New Korea Democratic Party5,843,82729.367New
Democratic Korea Party3,930,96619.735–46
Korean National Party1,828,7449.220–5
New Socialist Party288,8631.41New
Workers and Farmers Party185,8590.90New
New Democratic Party112,6540.61New
Civil Rights Party75,6340.40–2
National Group Party17,2570.10New
Invalid/blank votes312,029
Registered voters/turnout23,987,83084.6
Source: Nohlen et al.


  1. Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume II, p420 ISBN 0-19-924959-8
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