South Banat District
|District of Serbia|
Location of South Banat District in Serbia
|• Total||4,245 km2 (1,639 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Density||68.6/km2 (178/sq mi)|
|Municipalities||7 + 1 city|
|- Cities and towns||10|
South Banat District (Serbian: Јужнобанатски округ, Južnobanatski okrug) is a northeastern district of Serbia with the seat of the district in Pančevo. It borders Romania to the east. The district lies in the region of Banat, in the autonomous province of Vojvodina. It has a population of 291,327.
In Serbian, the district is known as Južnobanatski okrug (Јужнобанатски округ), in Croatian as Južnobanatski okrug, in Hungarian as Dél-bánsági körzet, in Slovak as Juhobanátsky okres, in Romanian as Districtul Banatul de Sud, and in Rusyn as /Јужнобанатски окрух/.
It encompasses the following municipalities:
The major ethnic groups (2002) are:
- Serbs: 220,641 (70.28%)
- Romanians: 21,618 (6.88%)
- Hungarians: 15,444 (4.91%)
- Slovaks: 15,212 (4.84%)
- Macedonians: 7,636 (2.43%)
- Roma: 6,268 (1.99%)
- Yugoslavs: 5,687 (1.81%)
Most of the municipalities in the district have an ethnic Serb majority, while the municipality of Kovačica is ethnically mixed, with a relative Slovak majority (41%).
Pančevo is distinguished for its numerous cultural institutions: the National Library 'Veljko Vlahović', the Historic Archives, and the Institute for Protection of Culture Monuments.
The most remarkable cultural monuments in this region are the Vojlovica Monastery built in 1405, the Church of Assumption, the Church of Transfiguration built in 1811 and the National Museum built in 1833.
In this modern, industrial region stand out the Pančevo Oil Refinery, the Azotara Fertilizers Plants, and the Pančevo Petrochemistry.
Note: All official material made by Government of Serbia is public by law. Information was taken from official website.
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