Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist)
|Founded||24 April 1948|
48 Lenin Sarani|
22°33′49.9″N 88°21′20.1″E / 22.563861°N 88.355583°E
Proletarian Era (English)Ganadabi (Bengali)
|Student wing||All India Democratic Students Organisation|
|Youth wing||All India Democratic Youth Organisation|
|Women's wing||All India Mahila Sanskritik Sanghathan|
|Labour wing||All India United Trade Union Centre|
|Peasant's wing||All India Krishak Khet Majdoor Sangathan|
Shibdas Ghosh Thought
|ECI Status||Registered Unrecognised Party|
Trinamool Congress+ (2009-2014)
|Seats in Lok Sabha||0|
|Seats in Rajya Sabha||0|
The Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) or SUCI(C), previously called the Socialist Unity Centre of India, is a communist party in India. The party was founded by Shibdas Ghosh, Nihar Mukherjee and others in 1948.
SUCI(C) is a communist party in India, and follows a Marxist-Leninist ideological line formulated by Shibdas Ghosh. The party rejects political ideas such as glasnost and perestroika as revisionist, and claims to uphold the original intent of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin, Mao Zedong, and the thoughts of Ghosh.
SUCI(C) holds that India is a capitalist country with monopoly capitalism and imperialist trends. In line with that analysis, the party works toward a socialist revolution, rather than a people's democratic revolution (like the Communist Party of India (Marxist)), a national democratic revolution (like the Communist Party of India) or a new democratic revolution (like the Naxalites).
SUCI(C) leadership emphasises the qualitative upliftment of party cadres, workers of mass-organisations and supporters, by both theoretical study of Marxism-Leninism-Shibdas Ghosh Thought and the practical application of such knowledge in the day-to-day life of party workers. In various publications of the party, SUCI upholds the proletarian cultural standard, which, according to the leadership, should be achieved by the cadres, before they can lead the masses in the Socialist Revolution.
The 1st SUCI Party Congress was held in Kolkata in 1988. The 2nd party congress was held from 11–17 November 2009 in Ramlila Maidan, New Delhi attended by thousands of participants from 22 states and observers from several foreign countries. The current political line of the party was formulated in the 2nd party congress. The party's name was changed from Socialist Unity Centre of India (SUCI) to Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) [SUCI (C)] at the second party congress.
From its inception, SUCI took part in parliamentary elections and was part of the United Front governments in West Bengal in 1967–1969 and 1969–1970 together with CPI(M) and others. The party had a Member of Parliament (MP) in the 4th Lok Sabha from Jaynagar. The SUCI had presence in the legislative assemblies of Assam, Bihar and Orissa at various times. In the 2004 Lok Sabha elections SUCI launched 56 candidates, 30 of them from West Bengal. In the 2009 Lok Sabha elections SUCI declared 40 candidates from 12 states.
As of 2009, Tarun Mondol, representing Jaynagar in West Bengal, is the party's sole MP. It has one MLA in West Bengal, Tarun K. Naskar, representing Jaynagar.
SUCI(C) members live in communes wherein they lead a simple life style. Day-to-day upkeep of the commune and the well being of the children of party members living in the communes are taken care by the shared efforts of party members. Major income of the party is from box collection in the streets and house to house collection; members who are employed hand in their salaries to the party. The party contests elections with the money collected through this transparent fund raising method.
SUCI(C) is actively involved in the ongoing anti-Special Economic Zone movements in India. The most notable of these movements that the party is active in are:
- The Singur movement against the SEZ for the Tata Group's car factory.
- The Nandigram movement against the SEZ for the Salim Group's chemical hub. SUCI(C) is one of the main backers of the Bhumi Uchhed Pratirodh Committee.
- The Moolampally (Cochin, Kerala) land evictees agitation for an appropriate rehabilitation package. The general convener of the Moolampally agitation is Francis Kalathunkal, the local secretary of SUCI(C).
- The party is also actively involved in the agitation of landless in Chengara (Pathanamthitta, Kerala) called Chengara Samaram in popular media.
- The anti-Posco movement in Orissa.
The party has formed a political front in West Bengal with All India Trinamool Congress to fight the Communist Party of India (Marxist) on an agreement that the alliance will maintain equidistance from the Indian National Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party.
The party won the Joynagar constituency in the 2009 general elections with a majority of 53,676 votes.
The Gherao principle was introduced as a formal mode of protest in the trade union sector by Subodh Banarjee, who was a central committee member of SUCI and the PWD and Labor Minister in the 1967 and 1969 United Front Governments in West Bengal, respectively.
One of the major campaigns of the party in West Bengal has been its agitations against the educational policy of the Left Front state government. The decision of the Left Front government to remove the English language from primary education sparked a mass movement led by the SUCI for the reinstatement of English.
Below is a chronological list of campaigns organised by the SUCI(C) in West Bengal:
- 1953: Tram fare protest movement was organised by the SUCI.
- 1954: In 1954, the SUCI organised the teachers’ movement.
- 1956: Banga bihar sanjukti birodhi andolan.
- 1958: Students’ movement was organised by the party.
- 1959: The SUCI organised food movement.
- 1967: Another food movement was led by the party.
- 1979: The SUCI organised a movement against various decisions taken by the Government of India.
- 1980: The SUCI organised Bhasha andolan against the Government of West Bengal which continues till now.
- 1983: A movement was led by the party against bus fare hike.
- 1988: First Party Congress in Kolkata (24–29 March)
- 1990: Another movement was organised by the SUCI against the Government of West Bengal for bus fare hike and a Bangla bandh in September to protest against the death of Madhai Halder, a party supporter killed in police firing at the Esplanade on 31 August 1990. This was the first bandh.
- 1991: A protest was led by the organisation against electricity price hike.
- 1991: The SUCI organised a movement against the state education policy.
- 1998: Bangla bandh on 3 February in order to bring back English at the primary education. This was the second bandh.
- 2000: The SUCI organised a protest movement demanding English as a compulsory subject at primary education.
- 2002: A protest was organised against the decision of the Government of West Bengal to increase hospital fee and the increase in electricity charges by the Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation and West Bengal State Electricity Board. This was the third bandh.
- 2006-ongoing: The Anti SEZ movements in Singur and Nandigram.
- 2008: 21 12 April-hour statewide shutdown in West Bengal jointly called by the Trinamool Congress and SUCI.
Provash Ghosh is the current leader of the party. He was elected as the General Secretary of the party by the central committee on 4 March 2010.
After Shibdas Ghosh's death in 1976, Nihar Mukherjee, a co-founder of SUCI, became the General Secretary. Mukherjee died of cardiac arrest on 18 February 2010 at Kolkatta.
The central committee members of the party are:
- Provash Ghosh (General Secretary & Politburo member)
- Manik Mukherjee (Politburo member)
- Krishna Chakraborty (Politburo member)
- Ranjit Dhar (Politburo member)
- Asit Bhattacharyya (Politburo member)
- Yakub Pailan (died on June 14, 2014)
- Debprasad Sarkar
- Kalyan Chowdhury Expired
- C.K Lukose
- K. Radhakrishna
- Gopal Kundu
- Soumen Bose
- Sankar Saha
- Chhaya Mukherji
Secretaries of the State Committees of the party are:
- Andhra Pradesh: Kunche Sridhar
- Assam: Chandralekha Das
- Bihar: Shiv Shankar
- Haryana: Satyavan
- Karnataka: K. Radhakrishna
- Kerala: C.K Lukose (Website of SUCI(C) Kerala State Committee)
- Orissa: Durjati Das
- Uttar Pradesh: V.N. Singh
- West Bengal: Soumen Bose
Secretaries of the State Organising Committees are:
- Delhi: Pran Kumar Sharma
- Madhya Pradesh: Pratap Samal
- Tamil Nadu: Rengasamy
- Gujarat: Dwarika Nath Rath
- Punjab: Aminder Pal Singh (Incharge)
- Jharkhand: Robin Samajpati
- Tripura: Arun Bhowmik
The MP of the party is:
The MLA of the party is:
Former Legislators of SUCI(C)
The former ministers of SUCI in West Bengal:
- Subodh Banarjee: PWD Minister 1967 United Front Government, Labour Minister 1969 United Front Government
- Protiva Mukherjee: PWD Minister 1969 United Front Government
The former MP of the party was:
- Chita Rai: Joynagar (Lok Sabha constituency), West Bengal
- Subodh Banarjee: Kultali, Joynagar constituencies, West Bengal – First MLA of SUCI
- Probodh Purkait: Kultali constituency, West Bengal
- Renupada Halder: Mathurapur (SC) constituency, West Bengal
- Rabin Mondal: Patharpratima constituency, West Bengal
- Hari Pado Bouri: Raghunathpur (SC) constituency, West Bengal
- Protiva Mukherjee: Suri constituency, West Bengal
- Bazle Ahmad: Murari constituency, West Bengal
- Sambhunath Naik: Jashipur (ST) constituency, Orissa
The principal mass organisations of SUCI(C) are:
- All India United Trade Union Centre
- All India Democratic Students Organisation
- All India Democratic Youth Organisation
- All India Mahila Sanskritik Sanghathan
- All India Krishak Khet Majdoor Sangathan
The state committees of the party publishes:
- Ganadabi (Bengali weekly, published from Kolkata)
- Unity (Malayalam monthly, published from Thiruvananthapuram)
- Ganamukti (Assamese fortnightly, published from Guwahati)
- Karmika Drushtikona (Kannada monthly, published from Bangalore)
- Pattali Chinthanai (Tamil monthly, published from Chennai)
- Sarbahara (Oriya monthly, published from Bhubaneswar)
- Sarvahara Dristhikon (Hindi forthnighly, published from Delhi)
- Socialist Viplavam (Telugu monthly, published from Hyderabad)
- Morcha (Urdu monthly, published from Kolkata)
In 2005 Probodh Purkait, a SUCI MLA who represented Kultali constituency for 30 years, was convicted for murder and sentenced to life term by the Calcutta High Court. SUCI denounced the court ruling as a 'conspiracy of CPI(M)'. Supreme Court of India on 27 February 2007 dismissed the appeal filed by Prabodh Purkait against the judgment passed by the Division Bench of the Calcutta High Court. In April 2008, an SUCI leader Bidhan Chatterjee committed suicide citing the corruption in SUCI as the reason for his suicide. In a letter sent before his death, he accused that the SUCI leaders were "hobnobbing with real estate promoters and foreign-funded NGOs". However, Sri. Provash Ghosh (General Secretary, SUCI(C)) has countered these allegations.
- "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
- Why SUCI is the only genuine communist party in India
- A brief introduction to the Socialist Unity Centre of India
- SUCI critique on Naxal movement
- India Vision News Clip about SUCI's 2nd Party Congress (In Malayalam)
- India Vision News Clip – SUCI Party Congress inauguration (in Malayalam)
- News&contentId=6269200&tabId=11&BV_ID=@@@ Nihar Mukherjee again elected as SUCI's General Secretary "(In Malayalam)"
- SUCI rechristens itself as SUCI (Communist)
- Key Highlights of General Elections, 1967 to The Fourth Lok Sabha Archived 10 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- SUCI(C) banks on a doctor
- SUCI fileds 40 candidates
- CNN-IBN Website
- Balan S.S, Wednesday, 21 February 2008, Viplavathintte Kudumbayogam (in Malayalam; Family of Revolutionaries), Kerala Kaumudi Online Edition (Malayalam Daily). Retrieved on 22 February 2008.
- Athul Lal AG, 1 April 2009, For Whom Fund Raising is Transparent, Indian Express (National Daily), Thiruvananthapuram. Retrieved on 1 April 2009.
- Sreejan B, 26 April 2009, An uphill battle for the upright , Indian Express (National Daily), Thiruvananthapuram. Retrieved on 26 April 2009. Archived 16 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
- Singure issue triggers protests in Howrah
- Singur has turned violent thanks to brutal and anti-people stance of ironic communist government of West Bengal
- Singur: Medha Patkar visits dead girl's family
- Mamata resigns from LS
- Extend support to Nandigram people: SUCI
- SUCI Protests against repression in Nandigram
- Nandigram turns blood red
- Cancel SEZs in Bengal, Buddha urged
- SUCI demand
- Row over Moolampally rehabilitation package
- Aid for the family of deceased Vedi worker
- SUCI takes out march
- SUCI alleges CPI betrayed anti-Posco people in Orissa
- Trinamool-SUCI front organises first rally
- Trinamool Congress to tie up with SUCI
- CNN-IBN website
- West Bengal's Jyothi Basu – A political people, Page 27
- A defiant rebel
- Populist Governance Archived 18 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- Millions Rise Up For Total Bangla Bandh (total General Strike)
- Bandh call banks on past success
- Twist of the mother tongue
- How much do you know about SUCI?
- 2011: The movement against anti eviction drive at Ranchi, Jharkhand. Forming a public Committee "BASTI BACHAO SANGRASH SAMITI". Lakhs of people protested against government forceful campaign .
- 12-hour shutdown against price rise in West Bengal
- Provash Ghosh, SUCI General Secretary, Mathrubhumi Online, 5 March 2010, Kerala News (In Malayalam)
- SUCI General Secretary Nihar Mukherjee demised, Malayala Manorama, 20 February 2010, Page 9
- "Nihar Mukherjee again SUCI's General Secretary (In Malayalam)
- SUCI protest against price hike
- SUCI will field candidates in Gujarat elections
- SUCI banks on a doctor
- State Elections 2006 – Partywise Comparison for 103-Joynagar Constituency of West Bengal
- The Second United Front Archived 12 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
- SUCI banks on doctors
- Key Highlights of General Election, 1967 to The Legislative Assembly of West Bengal Archived 10 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- Key Highlights of General Election, 1967 to The Legislative Assembly of West Bengal Archived 10 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- Life-term for MLA, Report in the Hindu
- Why CPI(M) conspires to implicate SUCI MLA and others in a false case
- PROBODH PURKAIT versus STATE OF WEST BENGAL & ORS: Judgment of the Supreme Court of India
- SUCI leader hangs himself in Puri-Body found two days after suicide threat to protest ‘corruption’ in party
- Life in an SUCI commune: Stalinist dogma and little else
- SUCI state secretary Provash Ghosh denies allegations
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist).|
- Marxists Internet Archive: Shibdas Ghosh — Marxists Internet Archive
- Proletarian Era — a SUCI publication
- Ganadabi — a SUCI publication in Bengali