Socialist Party of the Oppressed

Socialist Party of the Oppressed
Ezilenlerin Sosyalist Partisi
Kurdish name Partiya Sosyalîst a Bindestan
Leader Sultan Ulusoy
Founded 29 January 2010
Headquarters Çankaya, Ankara
Youth wing Socialist Youth Associations Federation (SGDF)
Ideology Marxism-Leninism
Political position Far-left
National affiliation Peoples' Democratic Congress
Colours Red, White, Blue

Socialist Party of the Oppressed (Turkish: Ezilenlerin Sosyalist Partisi, ESP; Kurdish: Partiya Sosyalîst a Bindestan, PSB)[1] is a Marxist-Leninist political party in the Republic of Turkey. It defines itself as "a militant revolutionary socialist party fighting for a workers'-labourers' federative republic in Turkey and Northern Kurdistan."[2]


Some sources, including the public officials, hold the view that ESP is a legal front for the banned ICOR affiliate Marxist–Leninist Communist Party.[3][4][5] Among its founders is Figen Yüksekdağ, the co-president of the Peoples' Democratic Party.[6]

The party is one of the participants in the Peoples' Democratic Congress, a political initiative instrumental in founding the Peoples' Democratic Party in 2012.[7]


In 2013 The Daily Telegraph called it "a small leftist group" after the homes of 90 ESP members were raided in connection with their involvement in the 2013 protests in Turkey.[8] The Telegraph noted that "Police also searched the offices of the Atilim daily [Atılım] and the Etkin news agency, local media outlets linked to the ESP group, the NTV and CNN-Turk television stations reported." [8][9][10]

2015 Bombing

The youth wing of the Socialist Party of the Oppressed, known as the Socialist Youth Associations Federation (SGDF),[6] was the main target of the 2015 Suruç bombing.[11] A group had travelled from Istanbul to Suruç on the Syrian border to assist in the reconstruction of the neighboring Syrian town of Kobanî after it was destroyed by warfare.[6]


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