|Los Angeles County Fire Department S-70A Firehawk rescuing an injured hiker at Devil's Punchbowl near Palmdale, California|
|Role||Medium-lift transport/utility helicopter|
|Manufacturer||Sikorsky Aircraft, Turkish Aerospace Industries (under Licence)|
|Primary users|| U.S. Customs and Border Protection|
U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration
Government Flying Service (Hong Kong)
See Operators below for others
|Variants|| Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk |
Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk
Sikorsky HH-60 Pave Hawk
Sikorsky HH-60 Jayhawk
The Sikorsky S-70 is a medium transport/utility helicopter family manufactured by Sikorsky Aircraft. It was developed for the U.S. Army in the 1970s, winning a competition to be designated the UH-60 Black Hawk and spawning a large family in U.S. military service. New and improved versions of the UH-60 have been developed since. Civilian versions, and some military versions are produced under various S-70 model designations.
The S-70 family was developed to meet a US Army requirement to replace the UH-1 Iroquois family of utility medium-lift helicopters in 1972. Three YUH-60A prototypes were constructed, with the first flying in October 1974. They were evaluated against the Boeing-Vertol YUH-61A. The YUH-60A was selected for production, and entered service as the UH-60A Black Hawk with the US Army in 1979.
After entering service, the helicopter was modified for new missions and roles, including mine laying and medical evacuation. An EH-60 variant was developed to conduct electronic warfare and special operations aviation developed the MH-60 variant to support its missions. In the late 1980s the model was upgraded to the UH-60L, which featured more power and lift with the upgrade to the -701C model of the GE T700 engine. The improved UH-60M model was developed in the early 2000s. The UH-60M and its International version, the S-70i, include GPS navigation, a glass cockpit, an integrated Flight Management System, and a significant upgrade to the powertrain and rotor system adding both power and lift capability.
The S-70 can perform a wide array of missions, including air cavalry, electronic warfare, and aeromedical evacuation: several versions are used to transport the President of the United States, which while carrying the President is known as "Marine One". In air assault operations it can move a squad of 11 combat troops and equipment or carry the 105 mm M102 howitzer, thirty rounds of ammunition, and a six-man crew. Alternatively, it can carry 2,600 lb (1,200 kg) of cargo or sling load 9,000 lb (4,100 kg) of cargo. The S-70 is equipped with advanced avionics and electronics, such as the Global Positioning System.
The HH-60G Pave Hawk is a highly modified version of the S-70 primarily designed to recover downed aircrew or other isolated personnel during war and equipped with a rescue hoist with a 250 ft (76 m) cable that has a 600 lb (270 kg) lift capability, and a retractable in-flight refueling probe. The United States Air Force received the MH-60G Pave Hawk in 1982.
The S-70A Firehawk is a version of the S-70 designed for firefighting, rescue, medical evacuation, and external lift of bulky cargo and equipment. The Oregon National Guard was the first military organization in the world to add the Firehawk to its inventory; the Los Angeles County Fire Department was the first municipal organization.
The Army also flies medical evacuation models which are configured as rotary winged medical suites. It also uses the S-70 for special operations by the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment ("Night Stalkers") at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, designated as the MH-60K.
The unit cost varies with the version. For example, the unit cost of the Army's UH-60L Black Hawk was $5.9 million while the unit cost of the Air Force MH-60G Pave Hawk was $10.2 million.
- UH-60 Black Hawk: The basic military utility helicopter used by the US Army.
- SH-60 Seahawk: US Navy variant for anti-submarine warfare, search and rescue, maritime patrol, all-weather and day/night.
- HH-60 Pave Hawk: USAF heli-rescue variant for search and rescue, MEDEVAC, and combat search and rescue use on day and night operations.
- MH-60 "Knighthawk": US Navy medium-heavy lift helicopter.
- HH-60 Jayhawk: United States Coast Guard variant for maritime patrol, interdiction, and search and rescue
- VH-60 White Hawk: The US Presidential transport helicopter, Marine One.
The company name for the H-60/S-70 family is the S-70 Black Hawk.
- S-70A Black Hawk (UH-60 Black Hawk): Military model for the export market.
- S-70A Firehawk Firefighting variant of the UH-60L. Tank system designed and built by Aero Union in Chico, California.
- S-70A (N) Naval Hawk Maritime variant that blends the S-70A Black Hawk and S-70B Seahawk designs.
- S-70B/C Seahawk: Maritime military model for the export market.
- S-70A-9: Australian derivative Black Hawk
- S-70C Firehawk: Commercial variant
- S-70i Black Hawk: International military version assembled by Sikorsky subsidiary, PZL Mielec in Poland.
- Sikorsky S-71 - a proposed attack helicopter using dynamic components from the S-70.
- Sikorsky S-92 - Civilian medium-lift derivative of the Black Hawk.
- Turkish Aerospace Industries T-70: A Turkish variant of the S-70i, built under license by Turkish Aerospace Industries with indigenous Turkish mission-computer, avionics, landing gear and transmission. Turkey was to initially to produce about 150 T-70s under license. US Ambassador to Turkey Frank Ricciardone stated that Turkey now intends to produce some 600 T-70s.
- Crew: 2
- Capacity: 14-17 seats/12 troops/6 stretchers
- Payload: 4,072 kg (9,000 lb) externally slung
- Length: 19.76 m (64 ft 10 in)
- Rotor diameter: 53 ft 8 in (16.36 m)
- Height: 5.33 m (17 ft 6 in)
- Empty weight: 5347 kg (11,790 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 9,979 kg (22,000 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × General Electric T700-GE-701D turboshaft, 1,409 kW (1,940 shp) at 0.462 Specific fuel consumption each
- Fuel, internal: 1,360 L
- Auxiliary Fuel: 2x 700 L tanks internally, 1,705 L (450 US gal) tank on each inboard pylon and 872 L (230 US gal) tank on each outboard pylon, or 1,705 L (450 US gal) tank on each pylon
- Maximum speed: 361 km/h (195 knots, 224 mph)
- Cruise speed: 163 knots (301.8 km/h), max cruise (149 knots, normal cruise)
- Range: 463 km, (288 mi, 250 nmi) with 20 min reserve
- Service ceiling: 6,096 m (20,000 ft)
- Rate of climb: 11.43 m/s (2,250 ft/m)
- Guns: M240, MAG-58, M3M, Gau-19
- Rockets: Hydra
- Missiles: Hellfire (x16)
- Related development
- Harbin Z-9
- MH-60 "Knight Hawk"
- Mitsubishi SH-60
- Sikorsky CH-148 Cyclone
- Sikorsky HH-60 Pave Hawk
- Sikorsky MH-60 Jayhawk
- Sikorsky S-92
- Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk
- Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk
- VH-60 Presidential Hawk
- Related lists
- List of active military aircraft of the United States
- List of helicopters
- List of Sikorsky S-70 Models
- List of utility helicopters
The Sikorsky S-70 Firehawk figures prominently in M. L. Buchman's Firehawks novel series and related short stories.
- Bishop, Chris (2008). Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk. Osprey Publishing Company. ISBN 978-1-84176-852-6.
- Tomajczyk 2003, pp. 15–29.
- "Sikorsky breathes new life into PZL Mielec". Flight International, June 8, 2010.
- "First S-70i Helicopter Fully Assembled at Sikorsky Facility in Poland". Sikorsky, March 15, 2010.
- "American airplanes: Sikorsky". Aerofiles.com. 2009-04-26. Retrieved 2011-04-07.
- Sikorsky Helicopters - Helis.com
- "S-71 image". deviantart.com. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "Sikorsky wins Turkish utility helicopter battle". FlightGlobal.com. 2011-04-21. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "News". OnlineAMD.com. 2011-04-25. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "Can Turkey Afford Its Extensive Defense Plans?". DefenseNews.com. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "World Air Forces 2004". Flightglobal Insight. 2004. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
- "Presidential Sikorsky S-70A-30". Demand media. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
- "Colombia requests nine more Black Hawks for counter-narcotics fight". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
- "Mexican Police Receive UH-60M Black Hawks". Air International. Vol. 80 no. 3. March 2011. p. 28. ISSN 0306-5634.
- "Mexican State of Jalisco takes delivery of S-70i". helihub.com. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
- "Black Hawki z Mielca w Arabii Saudyjskiej". altair.com. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
- "Sayfalar - Bell 429 Album". Havacilik.pol.tr. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "L.A. County Fire Air Operations". lacounty.gov. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
- "Black Hawk Made: A Peek Inside the Sikorsky Factory". wired.com. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
- "CPB S-70". Demand media. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
- "Hong Kong Government Flying Service S-70". Retrieved 12 March 2013.
- S70-061_IBH_SS.pdf sikorsky.com
- "General Electric T700C".
- M. L. Buchman. "M. L. BUCHMAN". M. L. BUCHMAN.
- Leoni, Ray D. (2007). Black Hawk, The Story of a World Class Helicopter. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). ISBN 978-1-56347-918-2.
- Tomajczyk, Stephen F. (2003). Black Hawk. MBI. ISBN 0-7603-1591-4.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sikorsky S-70.|
- S-70 Black Hawk family page at Sikorsky.com
- S-70 Seahawk family page at Sikorsky.com
- S-70i page at Sikorsky.com
- Sikorsky UH-60/S-70 Black Hawk Family page on centennialofflight.net
- Sikorsky S-70 Black Hawk page on vectorsite.net
- Firehawk, Inc web site
- Sikorsky - Aerofiles.com
- HELIS.com Sikorsky S-70/H-70 Hawk Family Database
- S-70i Black Hawk multirole combat helicopter(Air recognition)