Siemens Wind Power
Bonus Energy (1983–2004)
|Industry||Wind power industry|
Danregn Vindkraft A/S|
Bonus Energy A/S
|Founded||1980 in Brande, Denmark|
Peter Stubkjær Sørensen|
|Headquarters||Hamburg, Germany /, Brande, Denmark|
|Markus Tacke (CEO),|
Number of employees
|7,800 (September 2011)|
|Website||Siemens Wind Power|
Siemens Wind Power, (formerly Danregn Vindkraft A/S and Bonus Energy A/S) is a wind turbine manufacturer established in 1980 as Danregn Vindkraft. Bonus Energy was acquired by Siemens of Germany in 2004. The organisation became a separate division of Siemens in 2011, with headquarters established in Hamburg, Germany.
In 2015 Siemens Wind had a combined market share of 63% of European offshore wind turbines (nearly 75% in 2009 by capacity and number). In 2011, Siemens Wind Power had 6.3% share of the world wind turbine market, and was the second largest in 2014.
In 2016 Siemens Wind and Gamesa agreed a 59:41 merger of their wind businesses.
Danregn / Bonus AS (1980-2004)
History of the company started in 1980, when Danish irrigation system manufacturer Danregn, diversified into the windturbine business; its first wind turbines were machines with rotor diameters of around 10 m (33 ft) with generator powers of 20 to 30 kW (27 to 40 hp). In 1981 the wind activities were separated into newly established company Danregn Vindkraft A/S, established by Peter Stubkjær Sørensen and Egon Kristensen in Brande, Denmark, with a capital of 300,000 kroner; the company's product was a 55 kW (74 hp), 15 m (49 ft) blade diameter turbine.
Between 1982 and 1987 the company exported wind turbines to the USA in collaboration with Difko AS, in response to a wind farm building boom promoted by government subsidies; the company changed its name from Danregn Vindkraft to Bonus Energy in 1983, an easier name for the English speaking North American market.
In 1991, eleven 450 kW Bonus turbines were installed in the Vindeby Offshore Wind Farm (Denmark), the first offshore wind farm in the world.
The company sourced its first blades from Viborg based company Økær Vind Energi. Later it sourced blades from LM Wind Power. In the late 1990s Bonus began to develop its own blades, beginning production in the early 2000s in Aalborg.
Siemens Wind (2004-present)
Bonus AS was sold to Siemens in 2004 for an undisclosed amount, but before the sale the value was assessed to be somewhere between DKK 1.5 (USD 240 million) and 2.5 billion (USD 400 million). The sales and project management headquarters moved to Hamburg, Germany in May 2009.
Between 2004 and 2011, Siemens grew wind power from 0.5% to 5% of the combined Siemens turnover, with employees growing from 800 to 7,800, of which 5,200 are in Denmark, and 1,000 in Germany. The growth included the expansion of production, warehousing and offices at its Brande site in 2005/6; acquisition in 2006 of a former LM Glasfiber wind turbine blade factory in Engesvang, Denmark; construction of a blade factory in Fort Madison, Iowa, USA in 2007; a hub factory in Ølgod began production in 2008; and a nacelle manufacturing plant was established in Hutchinson, Kansas, USA between 2009 and 2010, opening in December 2010. Additionally Bonus Energy sales and service partner company AN Windenergie GmbH in Bremen (Germany) was acquired in 2005.
In mid-2008 the company began testing of development prototypes of direct drive wind turbines; units based on the geared SWT-3.6-107 were installed in 2008 with a permanent magnet generator directly replacing the gearbox and alternator; Successful tests led to development of a new production design by 2009. A prototype of the new direct drive design, an IEC 61400 wind class IA, 3MW machine (SWT 3.0-101 DD) was installed near Brande, Denmark in 2009. The 3MW design was launched as a product in April 2010 and significantly reduced complexity (half the components) and lower nacelle weight than earlier 2.3MW designs. A 2.3MW version for lower wind speeds (SWT-2.3-113) was launched in 2011.
A factory established in Linggang ( Siemens Wind Power Blades (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.) near the Yangshan Deep Water Port began production in 2010. Additionally in December 2010 Siemens announced it would install a blade factory at an existing unused facility in Tillsonburg, Ontario, Canada. In early 2011 Siemens and ABP announced the development of a £210 million turbine assembly plant, and dock development at Alexandra Dock, in Kingston upon Hull, UK.
In 2011 Siemens' wind power operations were split into a separate division, 'Wind Power'; with its other renewable energy activities place into a 'Solar & Hydro' division, the divisions headquarters were established in Hamburg on 1 October 2011, the European offshore wind headquarters remained in Brande, Denmark.
In May 2011 testing began of a prototype 6MW direct drive design with a 120 to 154 m (394 to 505 ft) rotor, the design was launched as a product in November 2011. In 2013 Siemens announced a development of its 3.6MW design, the SWT 4.0-130 which used a rotor of diamter 130m with 4MW rated power. At the same time the company introduced new product platform codes for its products, with 'G' indicating geared drive, and 'D' indicating direct drive, suffixed by a number indicating an approximate power class. The four initial product ranges were Siemens G2, G4, D3 and D6.
In July 2012, the company agreed to supply Dong Energy with 300 direct drive, 75m blade, 6 MW SWT-6.0-154 turbines for the English offshore market from 2014. Two turbines are to be installed for testing at the Gunfleet Sands offshore wind farm. The value of the contract was estimated at over £2 billion. Prototype 6MW machines were installed at the Gunfleet Sands 2 wind farm in 2013; with the first full scale commercial installation of 6MW machines at the 210MW Westernmost Rough wind farm in 2014. In September 2012 Siemens Wind announced the lay off of 615 of a workforce of around 1650 workers in the United States, citing reduced demand for wind turbines due to uncertainty concerning future tax break incentives in the USA for wind power. (see United States Wind Energy Policy.)
In March 2014 Siemens and Associated British Ports (ABP) finalised the 2011 MOU to build a turbine factory in Hull, UK ('Green Port Hull'), and announced an additional facility near Paull, East Riding of Yorkshire, east of Hull which would manufacture rotor blades for turbines. In 2014 the planned factory at Paull was abandoned, with all production to be concentrated at the Alexandra dock site. Revised plans for the site submitted April 2015 included only a blade manufacturing factory at the site with no nacelle production.
In 2015 Siemens upgraded its 6MW offshore design to a rated 7MW power with a larger permanent magnet generator, and further to 8 MW in 2016. The first order for the 7MW design was awarded in October 2015 for 47 turbines in the Walney 3 offshore.
In early 2015 Siemens announced it had reached agreements to build 2GW of wind turbines in Egypt, and to construct a blade factory in that country, as part of a larger power generation agreement. The €8 billion, 16.4GW energy development deal was signed in June 2015, including a ~1000 worker blade factory in Ain Soukhna and 12 wind farms (600 turbine, 2GW) in the Gulf of Suez and west Nile areas of Egypt.
In August 2015 Siemens announced it was to construct a new nacelle manufacturing plant at Cuxhaven, Germany, an investment of £200 million. The plant was expected to become operational mid 2017, and employ 1000 people. A €100 million blade plant to be built in the Tanger Automotive City (near Tanger-Med port) in Morocco was announced in early 2016.
Merger with Gamesa (2016)
On 17 June 2016 Siemens and Gamesa (Spain) announced they were to merge their wind businesses, with the two operations forming 59 (Siemens Wind) and 41% (Gamesa) of the resulting company's shareholding, with Siemens offering €3.75 per Gamesa share. The resultant company was to be headquartered in Spain, with an offshore operations headquartered in hamburg, Germany and Vejle, Denmark. Siemens was reported to have paid €1 billion ($1.13 billion) cash for Gamesa shares. Cost savings between duplicated functions in the two businesses was expected by Gamesa to save c. €230 million in the first year of operation. The combined business would be the largest wind turbine manufacturer worldwide by installed capacity (c. 69GW), exceeding Vestas and GE.
An agreement was reached between Areva Wind and Gamesa on their joint venture Adwen, whereby Areva surrendered contractual obligations with Gamesa, and Siemens/Gamesa gave Areva an option to either sell or acquire the jv; Adwen was said to have been a source of contention during negotiations, as Siemens was reluctant to fund factories and development of an 8 MW turbine in France.
Acquisitions and joint ventures
Along with Bonus in 2004, Siemens acquired AN Windenergie GmbH in Bremen (Germany) in 2005; the sales and service partner company of Bonus Energy.
In December 2011 Siemens signed a strategic collaboration agreement with Shanghai Electric for wind power supply in China.
Siemens Wind has R&D, and production facilities in Brande, Denmark. Blade production is located in Aalborg and Engesvang (Denmark), Linggang (China), Fort Madison, Iowa (USA) and Tillsonburg, Ontario (Canada); with factories under construction or planned (2016) for Kingston upon Hull (UK), Tanger Automotive City (Morocco) and Ain Soukhna (Egypt).
Other established production sites included nacelle manufacture at Hutchinson, Kansas (USA, 1.6 GW) and hub production at Ølgod (Denmark). As of 2016 a new nacelle plant is under development at Cuxhaven (Germany).
Research and development
In around 2010 Siemens has a goal of reducing the cost per kilowatt-hour to €0.05 for onshore windpower and to €0.10 for offshore wind by 2020, many of the cost saving mechanisms were based on practice originating in the auto industry. Potential cost reductions included: automation/robotisation of blade manufacture and tailor woven glass fibre mats to reduce to simplify the blade manufacturing process; use of standardised components across product ranges to reduce overall component costs; elimination of geared generator drives to reduce maintenance cost; and modularisation of nacelle design, splitting generator and power conversion into separate modules, with the aim of additional flexibility in manufacture, and reduced transportation costs due reduced weight of the modules. The company also offered shorter length bolted tower sections allowing container transportation, and simplified mass production.
In a Life-cycle assessment, SWP calculates that the energy for manufacturing a 6MW direct drive wind turbine is made back in under 10 months depending on circumstances, roughly the same as independent research suggests.
- List of wind turbine manufacturers
- List of Danish wind turbine manufacturers
- Renewable energy industry
- Wind power
- Wind power in Denmark
- The blade factory in Aalborg was established in part due to local experience in construction with fibreglass, as used at the Danyard Aalborg shipyard in construction of the Flyvefisken class patrol vessel.
- The quantity of permanent magnet material used in the generator has been estimated at around 2 tonnes.
- Example, in 2011 Duddon Sands wind farm (108 3.6MW turbines) cost €700million to construct, or €6.5 million per turbine, or €1,800 capital cost excluding maintenance per kW generating capacity.
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Økær Vind Energi delivered the first 5 m blades for Bonus in December 1980 - for their prototype. At that time the company name was Danregn Vindkraft A/S
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- "Siemens opens new wind power HQ in Germany", www.greenbang.com, 12 May 2009
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- "Siemens Opens Wind Headquarters in Hamburg", www.breakbulk.com, 4 October 2011
- Nelson, Robert (2008), Siemens Wind Power: Technical Developments (PDF), Siemens via Texas Renewable Energy Industries Association (TREIA)
- Siemens expands its manufacturing capacity for wind turbines in Denmark, Siemens, 2 February 2006
- Eilers, Henrik (11 February 2008), "Ny Siemens-fabrik i Ølgod er køreklar", www.metal-supply.dk
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- Krøyer, Kent (18 October 2010), Gearløs vindmølle gør Siemens sårbar over for høj pris på sjældent metal (in Danish), Ingeniøren
- Next generation onshore wind turbines: Siemens installs prototype of three-megawatt direct drive wind turbine, Siemens, 3 December 2009
- de Vries, Eize (3 December 2008), "An Exclusive Look at the New Siemens 3-MW Direct-Drive Turbine", www.renewableenergyworld.com
- Buck, Christian (Spring 2013), "A new spin on production", Pictures of the future (Siemens magazine), Siemens
- New Siemens Direct Drive wind turbine ready for sale, Siemens, 20 April 2010
- Siemens launches new gearless wind turbine for low to moderate wind speeds, Siemens, 14 March 2011
- Stromsta, Karl-Erik (29 June 2010). "Siemens buys 49% A2SEA stake to deepen offshore ties". Recharge. NHST Media Group. Archived from the original on 4 August 2012.
- "Antitrust authority approves Siemens as equity partner in A2SEA", www.offshorewind.biz, 13 October 2010
- Siemens opens its first wind turbine blade facility in China (PDF) (press release), Siemens, 30 Nov 2010
- Qi, Wu (1 December 2010), "Siemens opens first blade manufacturing plant in China", www.windpowermonthly.com
- Siemens selects Tillsonburg, Ontario, as new home for Canadian wind turbine blade manufacturing facility, Siemens, 2 December 2010
- Bounds, Andrew (20 January 2011). "Hull for wind turbine plant". Financial Times.
- "Siemens selects ABP as preferred bidder for UK wind turbine factory". www.siemens.co.uk (Press release). Siemens. 20 January 2011.
- Siemens to strengthen its renewables business, Siemens, 4 August 2011
- Hamburg to become headquarters of Siemens' global wind power business (PDF), Siemens, 26 September 2011
- Siemens launches new 6-MW direct drive offshore wind turbine, Siemens, 29 November 2011
- Siemens launches new 4-megawatt offshore wind turbine (PDF) (press release), Siemens, 5 February 2013
- Siemens to supply 300 offshore wind turbines to DONG Energy, Siemens, 19 July 2012
- Murray, James (19 July 2012), "Siemens and Dong energy sign €2.5bn offshore wind power deal", The Guardian
- Gosden, Emily (19 July 2012), "Dong and Siemens sign £2.3bn deal for giant UK wind turbines", The Telegraph
- Gunfleet Sands test site for 6MW wind farm turbines, BBC News, 12 September 2013
- "First Siemens 6MW rises at Rough", renews.biz, 15 August 2014
- Pitt, David (18 September 2012), "Siemens to lay off 615 in Iowa, Kansas, Florida", www.businessweek.com, Bloomberg LP
- "Siemens confirm Green Port Hull wind turbine factory to be built", BBC News, 25 March 2014
- Siemens to construct factory for offshore wind power in Great Britain (PDF) (Press Release), Siemens, 25 March 2014
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- Pringle Brandon Perkins + Will; Blue Sky Planning, "Siemens Green Port Hull Alexandra Dock, 30 March 2015, Planning and Design and Access Statement" (PDF), (15/00393/RES) Demolition of buildings and erection of new buildings (including part of a single building of 22.476m high; 73' 9") for the manufacture of wind turbine blades and the assembly, maintenance, storage and distribution (Use Class B1, B2 and B8) of wind turbine components [..] (planning application), Hull City Council, §01.1-01.2, pp.6-7
- Snieckus, Darius (11 March 2015), "Siemens boosts offshore wind turbine to 7MW", www.rechargenews.com
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- "Green light for Walney 3 build", renews.biz, 28 October 2015
- Egypt and Siemens to massively increase power generation capacity (PDF), Siemens, 14 March 2015
- Mahadevan, Neetha (14 March 2015), "Siemens Signs $4.2 Billion Power Deals in Egypt", www.wsj.com
- Siemens awarded record energy orders that will boost Egypt’s power generation by 50% (PDF) (Press release), Siemens, 3 June 2015
- Siemens to build wind power plant in Cuxhaven, Germany (Press release), Siemens, 5 August 2015
- "Siemens to build Cuxhaven plant", renews.biz, 5 August 2015
- "Siemens strikes blade plant deal", renews.biz, 10 Mar 2016
- Siemens to build rotor blade factory for wind turbines in Morocco (PDF) (press release), Siemens, 10 Mar 2016
- Hirtenstein, Anna (17 June 2016), "Siemens, Gamesa Merge Units to Form World's Biggest Wind-Turbine Maker", www.bloomber.com
- Rodriguez, Jose Elias (17 June 2016), "Siemens, Gamesa to form world's largest wind farm business", www.reuters.com
- Siemens and Gamesa to merge wind businesses to create a leading wind power player (press release), Siemens, 17 July 2016
- Plechinger, Maz (16 June 2016), "FTI: Derfor går Siemens med opkøbstanker", energiwatch.dk (in Danish)
- "Siemens uebernimmt AN Windenergie GmbH", windmesse.de (in German), 3 November 2005
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- Rosen, Ellen (11 October 2010), Stolichnaya, Bank Of America: Intellectual Property, Bloomberg,
Overall, the company [Vestas] has filed 787 patents connected to wind turbines, according to the Intellectual Property Office database. General Electric Co. has filed 666, Siemens AG has lodged 242 and Gamesa Corporacion Tecnologica SA 102
- Wessel, Lene (26 September 2011), "Siemens continues hunt for engineers", ing.dk
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- Så meget koster en havvindmølle (in Danish), Hub North, 4 July 2011
- Wittrup, Sanne (26 November 2014), "6 MW vindmølle betaler sig energimæssigt tilbage 33 gange", Ingeniøren
- A clean energy solution – from cradle to grave - Offshore wind power plant employing SWT-6.0-154 (PDF) (Environmental Product Declaration , Press Release), Siemens
- Energy return on investment (EROI) for wind energy
- Wind turbine payback: Environmental lifecycle assessment of 2-megawatt wind turbines – International Journal of Sustainable Manufacturing 2014
- "Siemens bruger neurale netværk til at fjerndiagnosticere havvindmøller". Version2. 6 November 2015. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Siemens Wind Power.|
- "Wind Power - Siemens", www.energy.siemens.com, Siemens
- Bonus Energy, Bonus Energy A/S, archived from the original on 25 January 1999, archive of Bonus Energy A/S website