Sidetic language

Region Ancient southwestern Anatolia
Extinct after the third century BCE
Sidetic script
Language codes
ISO 639-3 xsd
Linguist list
Glottolog side1240[1]

The Sidetic language is a member of the extinct Anatolian branch of the Indo-European language family known from legends of coins dating to the period of approx. the 5th to 3rd centuries BCE found in Side at the Pamphylian coast, and two Greek–Sidetic bilingual inscriptions from the 3rd and 2nd centuries BCE respectively. The Greek historian Arrian in his Anabasis Alexandri (mid-2nd century CE) mentions the existence of a peculiar indigenous language in the city of Side. Sidetic was probably closely related to Lydian, Carian and Lycian.

The Sidetic script is an alphabet of the Anatolian group. It has 25 letters, only a few of which are clearly derived from Greek. It is analysed from coin legends in what is possibly Sidetic. The script is essentially undeciphered.[2] An inscription in the Sidetic language and written in the Sidetic script was found in a terrace.[3][4]


  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Sidetic". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. "Not The Roadmap". Unicode Consortium. 2012-09-27. Retrieved 2013-03-03.
  3. Anatolica - Istanbul (Turkey) Nederlands Historisch-Archaeologisch Instituut in het Nabije Oosten - Google Books
  4. Ancient Scripts from Crete and Cyprus - Google Books

See also

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