Sergey Shoygu

Sergey Shoygu
Сергей Шойгу
Minister of Defence
Assumed office
6 November 2012
Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev
Preceded by Anatoliy Serdyukov
Governor of Moscow Oblast
In office
11 May 2012  6 November 2012
Deputy Ruslan Tsalikov
Preceded by Boris Gromov
Succeeded by Ruslan Tsalikov (acting)
Leader of United Russia
In office
1 December 2001  15 April 2005
Serving with Yury Luzhkov and Mintimer Shaimiev
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Boris Gryzlov
Minister of Emergency Situations
In office
17 April 1991  11 May 2012
Prime Minister
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Vladimir Puchkov
Personal details
Born Sergey Kuzhugetovich Shoygu
(1955-05-21) 21 May 1955
Chadan, Soviet Union
(now Russia)
Political party Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Before 1991)
Independent (1991–1995)
Our Home-Russia (1995–1999)
Unity (1999–2001)
United Russia (2001–present)
Spouse(s) Irina Shoygu
Children Yuliya
Alma mater Krasnoyarsk Polytechnical Institute
(with swords)
Military service
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Service/branch Military Council of the Civil Defence Troops
Years of service 1991–present
Rank General of the Army

Sergey Kuzhugetovich Shoygu (Russian: Серге́й Кужуге́тович Шойгу́, Tuvan: Сергей Күжүгет оглу Шойгу; born 21 May 1955) is a Russian politician who has served in the Government of Russia as Minister of Defence since 2012.

Previously, Shoygu was Minister of Emergency Situations from 1991 to 2012, and briefly served as Governor of Moscow Oblast in 2012. Shoygu holds the military rank of General of the Army. Shoygu is also the President of the International Sport Federation of Firefighters and Rescuers.[1]

Early life and education

Shoygu was born on 21 May 1955 in Chadan, Tuva, to a Tuvan father and a Russian mother.[2]

He graduated School No. 1 of Kyzyl city in Tyva Republic.[3]

In 1977, Shoygu graduated from the Krasnoyarsk Polytechnic Institute with a degree in civil engineering. Following graduation in 1977, Shoygu worked in the construction projects nationwide for the next decade, advancing from low levels to become an executive. In 1988, Shoygu became a minor functionary in the Abakan branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and then in Komsomol for a few years. In 1990, Shoygu moved to Moscow from Siberia, and was appointed Deputy Chief of State Architecture and Construction Committee of the Russian Federation.[4]

Ministry of Emergency Situations

Minister of Emergency Situations Sergey Shoygu. 28 June 2002

In 1991, he was appointed the head of Rescuer Corps, which was later given more responsibilities and renamed first to the State Committee on Emergencies, and eventually to the Ministry of Emergency Situations, making Shoygu a government minister. He became popular because of his hands-on management style and high visibility during emergency situations, such as floods, earthquakes and acts of terrorism. In 1999 he became one of the leaders of the Russian pro-government party Unity. He was awarded Russia's most prestigious state award – Hero of the Russian Federation – in 1999.

Governor of Moscow Oblast

In March 2012, he was announced as one of the potential candidates for the Governor of Moscow Oblast.[5][6] On 5 April 2012, he was elected by Moscow Oblast Duma (legislature) as the 3rd Governor of Moscow Oblast, and took office on 11 May 2012.[7]

Minister of Defence

General Shoygu on the Victory Day parade. 9 May 2014
Minister of Defence Sergey Shoygu with President Vladimir Putin in the Sevastopol Presidential Cadet School. 19 August 2015
Sergey Shoygu in the Bassel Al-Assad International Airport in Syria. 18 June 2016

On 6 November 2012, Shoygu was appointed Minister of Defence[8] when Putin ousted his longtime ally, Anatoly Serdyukov. According to expert Sergey Smirnov, the so-called "Petersburg group" siloviki of Sergei Ivanov, Sergey Chemezov and Viktor Ivanov wanted one of its associates to take Serdyukov’s place at the Defense Ministry. But Putin didn’t want to strengthen them, so he took the neutral figure Shoygu.[9]

On 7 November 2012, the minister decided to resurrect the tradition of Suvorov and Nakhimov cadets participating in the 9 May parade. In July 2013 Shoygu ordered commanders to begin every morning in the barracks with a rendition of the Russian Anthem, to compile an obligatory military-patriotic book reading list and take the preparation of demob albums under their control.[10] In August that year he ordered to dress all Defense Ministry civilian workers, other staff and management employees in so-called "office suits".[11]

Shoygu stated on 26 February 2014 that Russia planned to sign agreements with Vietnam, Cuba, Venezuela, Nicaragua, the Seychelles, Singapore and several other countries either to house permanent military bases and/or to house airplane refuel stations in those countries.[12]

In July 2014, Ukraine opened a criminal case against Shoygu; he was accused of helping to form "illegal military groups" in Eastern Ukraine who at the time fought against the Ukrainian army.[13]

At the initiative of Shoygu were created Arctic troops intended to ensure the safety of Russia's Arctic region.

With the 30 September 2015, Russia conducted a military operation in Syria. The operation carried out by forces created by 1 August 2015 the Space Forces, with the support of the Russian Navy. 7 October 2015 President Vladimir Putin, during which took place in Sochi working meeting with Shoygu, summing up the first week of operation, once again gave a high appreciation of the work of the Ministry of Defense: as the Ministry of actions in general, and combat operations conducted by the Russian pilots of ballpen in Syria Air Group, which applied with air strikes against predetermined objectives, and seamen of the Caspian Flotilla, which carried out the firing cruise missiles 3M-54 Klub of the Caspian Sea and successfully struck all the targets set.[14][15][16]

By 2015, the Russian Armed Forces is ranked by some organizations as the second most powerful army in the world.[17][18][19]

Personal life

Shoygu with Vladimir Putin and Prince Albert in Tuva, 2007


Father — Kuzhuget Sereeevich Shoygu[20] (1921–2010) (born Shoygu Seree oglu Kuzhuget), editor of the regional newspaper, later worked in the Party and Soviet authorities, was the secretary of the Tuva Party Committee and retired the first deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Tuva ASSR. Also he led the Tuvan State Archives and spent six years editor of the newspaper Pravda, wrote the novel "Time and People", "Feather black vulture" (2001), "Tannu Tuva: the country of lakes and blue rivers" (2004).

Mother — Alexandra Yakovlevna Shoygu (née Kudryavtseva) (1924–2011). Born in the village of Yakovlev in the Oryol Oblast. From there, shortly before the war, her family moved to Kadievka (now Stakhanov) in the Luhansk Oblast, Ukraine. Zootechnician, Honored Worker of Agriculture of the Republic of Tuva, until 1979 - Head of the Planning Department of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic, has repeatedly elected deputy of the Supreme Soviet (parliament) of the Tuva ASSR.[21]

Sisters — Larisa Kuzhugetovna Shoygu (1953) (deputy of the State Duma) and Irina Zakharova (1960) (psychiatrist).[22]

Wife — Irina Alexandrovna Shoygu (née Antipina). President of the business tourism company Expo-EM.

DaughtersYuliya[23] (1977) and Kseniya (1991).[22]


Sergey Shoygu enjoys studying the history of Russia of Peter the Great's time and 1812–1825 (French invasion of Russia and The Decembrists).[24]

He is fond of sports. In hockey, a fan of CSKA Moscow. It is the Night Hockey League player.

Also, he loves football. Is a fan of Spartak Moscow. In March 2016, together with Sergey Lavrov presented Russia People's soccer league, aims to unite fans of this sport from all over the country.

Collecting swords, daggers, swords, Indian, Chinese and Japanese samurai swords.

He loves bard songs and plays the guitar. He does water color paintings and graphics, interested in manufacturing handicrafts made of wood.[25][26]




  1. "General information about Federation"
  2. Шойгу Сергей. "Эхо Москвы :: Без дураков: Сергей Шойгу". Эхо Москвы. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  4. 0divider. "Сергей Шойгу · Биография". Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  5. Shoigu Tipped as Next Moscow Region Governor, The Moscow Times.
  6. Emergencies Minister shortlisted for Moscow region governance, Russia Today.
  7. "Murmansk Governor Out, New Moscow Region Governor In - News". The Moscow Times. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  8. "Putin sacks Defense Minister amid embezzlement probe, replaces with ex-Emergencies Minister Shoigu". RT English. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  9. "Министр обороны Сергей Шойгу на новом посту рискует растерять свой высокий рейтинг". Газета.Ru. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  10. "Ъ-Огонек - Новая летопись военного строительства". Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  11. Golts on Shoygu’s Tenure (Part II), September 2014, Russian Defense Policy Blog.
  12. Sputnik (26 February 2014). "Russia Seeks Several Military Bases Abroad – Defense Minister". Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  13. "Ukraine calls businessman and Russian defense minister 'accomplices of terrorists'". Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  14. "Встреча с главой Минобороны Сергеем Шойгу". // Официальный сайт Президента России. 8 October 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  15. "Крылатый "Калибр" против терроризма — ракетные удары кораблей Каспийской флотилии по объектам ИГИЛ". // Официальный сайт «Первого канала». 7 October 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
  16. "Зеленодольские корабли нанесли удары по ИГИЛ из Каспийского моря". // БИЗНЕС Online. Деловая электронная газета Республики Татарстан. 7 October 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
  17. "Россия вошла в тройку сильнейших военных держав мира, Украина — 21-я". НТВ. Retrieved 2015-04-29.
  18. "The 35 Most Powerful Militaries In The World". Business Insider. 10 July 2014. Retrieved 2015-04-29.
  19. Staff Writer (04/01/2015). "Global Firepower Index". Retrieved 2015-04-29. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  20. Statesman Tyva Kuzhuget Shoygu buried in Moscow
  21. Mother Sergey Shoigu was the honored worker of agriculture of Tuva
  22. 1 2 Senior Heirs
  23. "Power", "Relatives of power"
  24. Sergey Shoygu
  25. Sergey Shoygu
  26. Governor Mystery Boxes
  27. Emergency in the Ministry of Defense - Military Review
  28. Shoigu proposed to introduce criminal punishment for denial of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War
  29. S. Shoygu: Russia Capital to be in Siberia
  30. "siberian times". Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  31. Sputnik (16 May 2011). "Russian minister's driver fired over threat to shoot motorist". Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  32. Inventor in Hot Water Over Use of Shoigu's Name Alexander Bratersky, Moscow Times. 15 February 2010.
  33. Federal Information addressable system
  34. Postal codes of Russian Federation: Regions of the Russian Tuva → Rep. → Ulug-Khem district → city Shagonar
Political offices
Preceded by
Position established
Ministry of Emergency Situations
Succeeded by
Vladimir Puchkov
Preceded by
Boris Gromov
Governor of Moscow Oblast
Succeeded by
Ruslan Tsalikov
Preceded by
Anatoliy Serdyukov
Minister of Defence
Party political offices
New office Leader of United Russia
Succeeded by
Boris Gryzlov
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