Senate of Iran

Senate of Iran
کاخ مجلس سنا
Coat of arms or logo
Ebrahim Hakimi (1951-1957)
Hasan Taqizadeh (1957-1960)
Mohsen Sadr (1960-1964)
Jafar Sharif-Emami (1964-1978)
Mohammad Sajadi (1978-1979)
Seats 100
Meeting place
Senate, Tehran, Iran

The Senate of Iran (Persian: Kakh-e Majles-e Sena, کاخ مجلس سنا) was the upper house legislative chamber in Iran from 1949 to 1979. A bicameral legislature had been established in the 1906 Persian Constitutional Revolution but the Senate was not actually formed until after the Iran Constituent Assembly, 1949, as an expression of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's desire for more political power. The Senate was filled mainly with men who were supportive of the Shah's aims, as intended by Pahlavi.

The Senate was disbanded after the Islamic Revolution in 1979, when the new constitution established a unicameral legislature. As of 2015 the former Senate building was used by the Assembly of Experts.



Established as per Chapter 3, Article 45 of the Persian Constitution of 1906,

The Members of this Assembly shall be chosen from amongst the well-informed, discerning, pious and respected persons of the Realm. Thirty of them shall be nominated on the part of His Imperial Majesty (fifteen of the people of Tehran, and fifteen of the people of the Provinces), and thirty by the Nation (fifteen elected by the people of Tehran, and fifteen by the people of the Provinces).

The Building

The Senate House of Iran was designed by architect Heydar Ghiaï in 1955.[1] The construction was led by Rahmat Safai, the dome being one of the most technically challenging projects in the entire endeavor.

The building is depicted on the reverse of the Iranian 100 rials banknote.[2]


Jafar Sharif-Emami, as President of the Senate until 1978

List of Speakers

Name Term of office Party
Ebrahim Hakimi 19 August 1951 1 March 1957 Party for Progress
Hasan Taqizadeh 1 March 1957 1 September 1960 Liberal Party
Mohsen Sadr 11 September 1960 11 September 1964 Socialist Party
Jafar Sharif-Emami 11 September 1964 24 March 1978 Rastakhiz Party
Mohammad Sajadi 24 March 1978 10 February 1979 National Front


Following the Iranian revolution in 1979, the government became unicameral, the senate was dissolved and the new Majlis convened in the senate building.

Major events

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and the Royal Family at Persian (Iranian) Senate, Tehran, 1975


See also

References and notes

  1. Max Gérard, Iran Senate House Heydar Ghiaï, Editions Draeger, 1976
  2. Central Bank of Iran. Banknotes & Coins: 100 Rials. – Retrieved on 24 March 2009.
  3. Muslims (Library of Religious Beliefs and Practices), page 213, ISBN 978-0-415-34882-9
  4. | Archive Pages
  5. [ Memoirs of Sharif-Emami, Prime Minister Persian Language ISBN 0-932885-22-5
  8. Confidential, U.S. State Department, Central Files IRAN, 1960-January 1963, Internal Affairs and Foreign Affairs
  9. "Iranian senate's approval of Shahpour Bakhtiar's government noted" ABC Evening News for Monday, Jan 15, 1979

Coordinates: 35°41′16.82″N 51°23′58.72″E / 35.6880056°N 51.3996444°E / 35.6880056; 51.3996444

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