Semnani language

Region Iran
Native speakers
60,000 (2007)[1]
  • ? Biyabanaki
Language codes
ISO 639-3 smy
Glottolog semn1249[2]

Semnani (Semnani: fa Semani zefön) is one of the local languages of the Semnan Province of Iran. The language belongs to the Northwestern Branch of the Western Iranian languages, and it is a descendent of the now extinct Parthian language. The Semnani language is often mistakenly labeled as a "dialect".[3]



Labial Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n (ŋ)
Plosive p b t d k ɡ q ʔ
Affricate tʃ dʒ
Fricative f v θ s z ʃ ʒ x ɣ h
Tap ɾ
Trill (r)
Approximant l j w

(Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Allophones are in parentheses.)


  1. Semnani at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Semnani". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. Lecoq, pg. 297


Pierre Lecoq. 1989. "Les dialectes caspiens et les dialectes du nord-ouest de l'Iran," Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum. Ed. Rüdiger Schmitt. Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag. Pages 296-314.

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