Saw (franchise)


The film franchise logo
Creator James Wan
Leigh Whannell
Print publications
Comics Saw: Rebirth
Films and television
Short films
Video games
Original music
Theme parks
Costumes and clothing
  • Pig masks
  • Jigsaw costumes
  • Billy masks and costumes
  • Various shirts

Saw is an American horror franchise distributed by Lions Gate Entertainment and produced by Twisted Pictures that consists of seven feature films and additional media. In 2003, Australian director James Wan and screenwriter Leigh Whannell created a short film to help pitch as a potential feature film. This was successfully done in 2004 with the release of the first installment at the Sundance Film Festival. It was released theatrically that October. The sequels were directed by Darren Lynn Bousman, David Hackl, and Kevin Greutert, and were written by Wan, Whannell, Bousman, Patrick Melton, and Marcus Dunstan, and were released subsequently every October, on the Friday before Halloween, between 2004 and 2010. Both of the creators remained with the franchise as executive producers. On July 22, 2010, producer Mark Burg confirmed that the seventh film, Saw 3D, is the final installment of the series.[1] Series creators James Wan and Leigh Whannell are still open to continuing the series, however, if they can do something "different" with the material. The films collectively grossed over $873 million at the box office worldwide. Lionsgate reportedly expressed interest in continuing the franchise in 2012 with a reboot.[2] However, in November 2013, it was reported that they were in active development of a sequel.[3]

The franchise revolves around the main antagonist, John Kramer, also called the "Jigsaw Killer" or simply "Jigsaw". He was introduced briefly in Saw and developed in more detail in Saw II. Rather than killing his victims outright, Jigsaw traps them in situations that he calls "tests" or "games" to test their will to live through physical or psychological torture. Despite the fact that John was murdered in Saw III, the films continue to focus on the posthumous influence of the Jigsaw Killer and his apprentices by exploring his character via flashbacks.

The film series as a whole has received mostly mixed to negative reviews by critics, but has been a financial success at the box office. While the films are often compared to Hostel and classified as torture porn by critics,[4][5][6] the creators of Saw disagree with the term "torture porn".[7] Writer Luke Y. Thompson of OC Weekly argued that, unlike Hostel, the Saw films actually have less torture than most in the sense of sadism or masochism, as Jigsaw believes that those who survive his methods will be stronger people for it. He called him a kind of a "(deranged) philanthropist".[8]


Flashbacks from Saw IV reveal the roots of the series, presenting John Kramer as a successful civil engineer and devoted husband to his wife Jill Tuck, who opened a rehab clinic for drug addicts. Jill lost her unborn baby, Gideon, due to the unwitting actions of a drug addict named Cecil, who fled the scene. Saw VI later showed that another drug addict, Amanda Young, also had an unintentional role in the death of Gideon. John grieved over the loss of his child, and distanced himself from his friends and his wife.

John and Jill eventually drifted apart and divorced. After this turn of events, John found himself trapped by his own complacency, until he was diagnosed with inoperable cancer. Extremely bitter over his squandered life and the loss of his unborn son, John began observing the lives of others and became even more depressed as he saw those around him squandering the gift of life that he had just been denied. John went to a man named William Easton to get money for a cancer treatment, but was denied. Flashbacks from Saw II show that, after surviving a suicide attempt where he drove his car off a cliff, John was "reborn", and nurtured the idea that the only way for someone to change is for them to change themselves. Then, in Saw IV flashbacks, he designed the first trap and test for Cecil and decided to use the rest of his existence to design more of these "tests" or "games" as a form of "instant rehabilitation" that would change the world, "one person at a time". John was soon given the name "The Jigsaw Killer" (or "Jigsaw"), because he removed a puzzle-piece-shaped chunk of flesh from those who did not escape his traps. John stated that this name was given to him by the media, and that the cut piece of flesh was meant to represent that these victims were each missing something — what he called the "survival instinct".

Few of Jigsaw's victims are able to survive his brutal mechanical traps, which are often ironically symbolic representations of the problems in the victim's life and require them to undergo severe physical and psychological torture to escape.

In Saw V, police lieutenant Mark Hoffman's ties with John are revealed in a series of flashbacks during the film. Hoffman's sister is murdered by her boyfriend, Seth Baxter. Seth is arrested; however, a technicality allowed him to be released, and Hoffman, feeling Seth had not served the full capacity of his sentence, kills him in an inescapable trap designed to look like one of Jigsaw's, laying the blame on him. Jigsaw then kidnaps Hoffman and blackmails him into becoming his apprentice in his "rehabilitation" methods, though eventually Hoffman would become a willing apprentice, helping set up John's tests from almost the beginning, starting with Paul's trap.

The first surviving victim, Amanda Young, views Jigsaw as a hero who ultimately changed her life for the better. Amanda, upon Jigsaw's request, agrees to become his protégée. After Amanda survives, John shows Jill her rehabilitation, and Jill then becomes knowledgeable of John's traps and becomes somewhat of an accomplice as well.

In Saw, Jigsaw has chained the man who diagnosed his cancer, Dr. Lawrence Gordon, in a dilapidated industrial washroom with Adam Stanheight, a photographer who has been tailing the doctor due to a former police detective's suspicions that Gordon is Jigsaw. Lawrence has instructions to kill Adam by six o'clock, or else his wife and daughter will be killed. Flashbacks show detectives David Tapp and Steven Sing, who suspect Lawrence of being Jigsaw, following a trail of clues from other Jigsaw traps. Sing's death from a shotgun trap after saving a victim named Jeff causes Tapp to obsess over catching Jigsaw. Later on, he chases Zep Hindle, who monitors Adam and Lawrence's tests, and gets shot in the chest. Eventually, Lawrence saws his own foot off in order to escape, leaving Adam in the bathroom while Lawrence goes to try to save his family and get help for Adam. It is later seen in Saw 3D that Dr. Gordon found a steaming hot pipe and cauterized his wound, stopping the bleeding and ultimately surviving the trap. John catches up with Gordon and makes him his next apprentice, a fact which he hides from his other accomplices. Flashbacks from Saw III show that Amanda kidnapped Adam and later returned to suffocate him as an act of "mercy killing".

Central characters of the series. From top-left to bottom-right: Tobin Bell, Shawnee Smith, Cary Elwes, Costas Mandylor, Danny Glover, and Betsy Russell.

Saw II begins with the police tracking a severely weakened Jigsaw to his lair. However, another test is in place, as he and Amanda have kidnapped the son of Detective Eric Matthews and trapped him and a group of seven convicts, previously framed by Matthews, in a house that is slowly being filled with sarin gas, with Amanda Young among them. He will trade Daniel Matthews' life for Detective Matthews' time, conversing with him until the game is concluded. Matthews loses his patience and assaults Jigsaw, forcing him to take him to the house, only to discover that the video feed from inside the house had been pre-recorded, the events actually taking place much earlier; Matthews' son was locked in a safe in Jigsaw's warehouse, being kept alive with an oxygen tank. Matthews is knocked unconscious by a masked figure and wakes up imprisoned in the bathroom from Saw, which is part of the foundation of the house. Amanda reveals herself to Eric as Jigsaw's protégée before leaving him to die. In a flashback from Saw III, Matthews manages to escape the bathroom by breaking his foot. He confronts and beats Amanda, demanding to know where his son is. Amanda fights him off and leaves him for dead. A flashback from Saw IV shows Hoffman later dragging Eric to a prison cell, keeping him alive for a future game.

The events of Saw III and Saw IV occur concurrently. Saw III begins with Jigsaw, weakened and near death, confined to a makeshift hospital bed. Amanda has taken over his work, designing traps of her own; however, these traps are inescapable, as Amanda is convinced that Jigsaw's traps have no effect and that people don't change. A kidnapped doctor is forced to keep Jigsaw alive while another test is performed on Jeff, a man obsessed with vengeance against the drunk driver who killed his son. Jigsaw, unwilling to allow a murderer to continue his legacy, designs a test for Amanda as well; she ultimately fails, and it results in the deaths of both Jigsaw and Amanda. Saw IV, meanwhile, revolves around tests meant for Officer Daniel Rigg, which are overseen by Hoffman. Rigg fails his test, resulting in the death of Eric Matthews. Rigg is left to bleed to death by Hoffman, who later discovers the bodies of Jigsaw and Amanda. When an autopsy is performed on Jigsaw, a cassette tape coated in wax is found in his stomach; the tape informs Hoffman that he is wrong to think that it is all over just because Jigsaw is dead, and he should not expect to go untested.

The events of Saw V show one of Hoffman's first solo tests, five people connected together by different roles in a disastrous fire that killed several others are put into four interconnected tests of teamwork, killing off one person in each trap. The two remaining test subjects realize at the final trap that each previous trap was meant to be completed by each of the five people doing a small part, rather than killing one person per trap. With this knowledge, the two work together and barely manage to escape. They are found alive by Special Agent Erikson.[9] Meanwhile, Hoffman has set up FBI Agent Peter Strahm to appear to be Jigsaw's accomplice, while Strahm pursues Hoffman and is eventually killed due to his inability to follow Hoffman's rules, leaving Hoffman free to continue Jigsaw's "work".

Saw VI begins with Hoffman setting up a game as per John's instructions left in a box for Jill during Saw V. This game centers on insurance executive named William Easton who oversees a team responsible for rejecting two-thirds of all insurance claims. As William progresses through four tests, he saves as many people as he can and learns the error of his choice to reject so many policies, which inherently "kill" the rejected. His last test is revealed to be a test of forgiveness by the family of Harold Abbott, a man to whom William rejected a policy in the past, whose son ultimately chooses to kill William using hydrofluoric acid. Meanwhile, Agent Erickson and the previously thought to be dead agent Lindsey Perez search for Agent Strahm with the assistance of Hoffman. Upon finding irregularities in previous murder scenes, Perez and Erickson discover Hoffman's identity, but are killed by him before they can go public with his involvement. Hoffman travels back to the site of William's tests in which Jill attacks him to obey John's final request. She leaves Hoffman in a new Reverse Beartrap left behind by John, though does not leave a key for him to free himself. He is able to manipulate the trap and escapes wounded.

Saw 3D picks up with Jill and Hoffman battling for control of Jigsaw's legacy. As Jill enters protective custody and makes Hoffman's true identity public, Hoffman sets up a new game involving skinheads to find a way to Jill. Meanwhile, Bobby Dagen, a fraud who has written a book about escaping a Jigsaw trap he never experienced, is captured and forced to confront people who knew that he lied about being in a trap. Three of Dagen's friends die and his test concludes with him being forced to reenact the trap that he claimed to have survived before. He fails, which results in the death of his wife. Meanwhile, Hoffman has posed as a corpse and killed several officers to infiltrate the police station. He finds and kills Jill using the Reverse Beartrap. Hoffman attempts to leave town but is captured by Lawrence Gordon and his accomplices, then placed in the bathroom from the first film. Revealing Jigsaw aided Gordon after his game and, in return, Gordon helped with subsequent traps. Hoffman is then left shackled in the bathroom to die.

Production elements


Main article: Billy the Puppet

Billy is a puppet resembling a ventriloquist's dummy, sometimes seen riding a tricycle, that has appeared throughout the films and has become a type of mascot for the series. It is used by the Jigsaw Killer to communicate with his victims by delivering televised messages or occasionally in person to describe details of the sadistic traps and the means by which the victims could survive. Viewers have sometimes incorrectly identified the puppet itself as Jigsaw, because of its presence and connection to the killer.

Age and use of the puppet over the course of the films necessitated its reconstruction. According to Wan, the original puppet's face for Saw involved clay, papier-mâché, and black ping-pong balls with the irises painted in for the eyes, but in later films more sophisticated construction included waterjet-cut foam for the body and remote-controlled animatronics.[10]

The endurance and popularity of the franchise has resulted in the production of Billy merchandise, as well as references in other media and its use in promotions for the films.

"Hello Zepp"

Main article: Hello Zepp

"Hello Zepp" is a piece of instrumental music that was originally composed by Charlie Clouser for the first film in the series. In Saw, the implied villain, Zep Hindle, is revealed to actually be a victim of the Jigsaw Killer. (The character's name in the script is spelled "Zep", whereas the music titles are spelled "Zepp".)[11][12] As the series continued, the piece was reused in every film as a leitmotif, often being renamed and remixed to accommodate the changing situations and characters. The music was used in every Saw ending, usually during the revealing of plot revelations and twists which Saw films often use and it serves as the main theme tune for the whole films.


Amanda Young in the Reverse Beartrap.

An important component of each film is the variety of mechanical traps Jigsaw and his apprentices use on their captives to communicate his message.

According to David Hackl, all of the traps are real objects, and not CGI. They were designed to look horrific but ultimately be safe for the actors in them. Writer Marcus Dunstan said: "It's built to function there on the day", and added: "It works. So if there's a scalping chair — there really was a chair with working gears to grind and pull your scalp back." The most potentially dangerous item was a "water box" used in Saw V, in which one of the actors (Scott Patterson, as Peter Strahm) had to keep his head submerged as long as possible. Another element of the traps is that Hackl desired a specific look of rust and menace, but he also wanted them to have a type of beauty about them.[13]



Crew Film
Saw Saw II Saw III Saw IV Saw V Saw VI Saw 3D Saw: Legacy
Director(s) James Wan Darren Lynn Bousman David Hackl Kevin Greutert The Spierig Brothers
Writer(s) Story by
James Wan
Leigh Whannell
Screenplay by
Leigh Whannell
Leigh Whannell
Darren Lynn Bousman
Story by
James Wan
Leigh Whannell
Screenplay by
Leigh Whannell
Story by
Thomas Fenton
Patrick Melton
Marcus Dunstan
Screenplay by
Patrick Melton
Marcus Dunstan
Patrick Melton
Marcus Dunstan
Josh Stolberg
Pete Goldfinger
Producer(s) Mark Burg
Oren Koules
Gregg Hoffman
Cinematographer David A. Armstrong Brian Gedge Ben Nott
Editor(s) Kevin Greutert Kevin Greutert and Brett Sullivan Kevin Greutert Andrew Coutts TBA
Production designer Julie Berghoff David Hackl Anthony A. Ianni Anthony Cowley
Composer Charlie Clouser
MPAA rating R N/A
CHVRS rating 18A N/A
ACB rating MA15+ MA15+/R18+ (DVD) MA15+ R18+ R
BBFC rating 18 N/A
Running time 102 minutes 93 minutes 108 minutes 92 minutes 92 minutes 90 minutes 90 minutes TBA

Cast and characters

For more details on the cast and characters, see List of Saw cast members and List of Saw characters.
List indicator(s)
  • A dark grey cell indicates the character was not in the film.
Character Film
Saw II
Saw IV
Saw V
Saw VI
The Final Chapter

Saw: Legacy
John Kramer/Jigsaw Tobin Bell
Amanda Young Shawnee Smith
Mark Hoffman Costas Mandylor TBA
Jill Tuck Betsy Russell TBA
Lawrence Gordon Cary Elwes Cary Elwes TBC
Adam Stanheight Leigh Whannell Leigh Whannell
Zep Hindle Michael Emerson Michael Emerson
David Tapp Danny Glover Danny Glover Danny Glover
Steven Sing Ken Leung Ken Leung Ken Leung
Allison Kerry Dina Meyer
Eric Matthews Donnie Wahlberg
Daniel Rigg Lyriq Bent
Daniel Matthews Erik Knudsen Erik Knudsen TBC
Xavier Chavez Franky G Franky G
Jeff Denlon Angus Macfadyen
Lynn Denlon Bahar Soomekh
Peter Strahm Scott Patterson
Lindsey Perez Athena Karkanis
Art Blank Justin Louis Justin Louis
Dan Erickson Mark Rolston
Mallick Greg Bryk Greg Bryk
Brit Julie Benz
William Easton Peter Outerbridge
Bobby Dagen Sean Patrick Flanery TBC
Matt Gibson Chad Donella


Box office

The Saw series was placed in the Guinness World Records as the "Most Successful Horror Franchise".[14] Pictured here is director Kevin Greutert receiving the award at the 2010 Comic-Con.[15]

Saw grossed $18.2 million its opening weekend and had become Lionsgate's second best opening, after Fahrenheit 9/11's $23.9 million (2004).[16] Saw went on to gross $103 million worldwide,[17] and is the second lowest-grossing film in the series after Saw VI.[18] At the time, it became the most profitable horror film after Scream (1996). It is the seventh highest-grossing Halloween opening weekend.[19] Saw II opened at number one with $31.7 million,[20] and set a Lionsgate Halloween opening weekend record and is also the third highest-grossing Halloween opener. It became at the time, the widest release in Lionsgate history and one of the best opening weekends for a horror sequel. It is Lionsgate's fourth highest-grossing film in the United States and Canada.[21] Saw III placed first by grossing $33.6 million its opening weekend, making it the biggest Halloween debut ever[19] and at the time, Lionsgate's highest-opening weekend.[22] It is the highest-grossing film in the series worldwide.[18][23] It has the highest-grossing weekend in the series and also Lionsgate's fifth highest-grossing film in the United States and Canada.[18][21]

Saw IV premiered at number one with $32.1 million making it the second best Halloween weekend opener.[19][24] In Saw V's opening weekend it placed second, being beat by High School Musical 3: Senior Year, and made $30.1 million.[25] It is Lionsgate's tenth highest-grossing film.[21] Saw VI opened in second place behind Paranormal Activity to $14.1 million,[26] which is the lowest of all the Saw films worldwide. It is also the lowest-grossing film in the series.[18] Saw 3D placed first grossing $22.5 million its opening weekend, with 92% of tickets coming from more than 2,100 3D-equipped locations.[27][28] It had the fifth best opening weekend in the Saw series.[29] It is the most successful film in the franchise since Saw IV.[30]

The Saw series, when compared to the other high-grossing American horror franchises - A Nightmare on Elm Street, Chucky, Friday the 13th, Halloween, the Hannibal Lecter series, Hellraiser, Psycho, Scream, The Exorcist, and The Texas Chainsaw Massacre — with figures adjusted for 2011 inflation,[31] is the fifth highest-grossing horror franchise in the United States and Canada at $457.4 million.[32] This list is topped by Friday the 13th at $687.1 million,[33] followed by the Nightmare on Elm Street series with $592.8 million,[34] with the Hannibal Lecter film series closely behind with $588.7 million.[35] Then comes Halloween with $557.5 million,[36] the Scream series with $442.9 million and The Texas Chainsaw Massacre with $304.6 million,[37] and lastly comes the Chucky film series with approximately $203 million.[38]

Unadjusted for inflation
Film Release date Revenue Budget References
United States
Other markets Worldwide
Saw October 29, 2004 $55,185,045 $47,911,300 $103,096,345 $1–1.2 million [17][39]
Saw II October 28, 2005 $87,039,965 $60,708,540 $147,748,505 $4 million [40]
Saw III October 27, 2006 $80,238,724 $84,635,551 $164,874,275 $10 million [23]
Saw IV October 26, 2007 $63,300,095 $76,052,538 $139,352,633 $10 million [41][42]
Saw V October 24, 2008 $56,746,769 $57,117,290 $113,864,059 $10.8 million [43]
Saw VI October 23, 2009 $27,693,292 $40,540,337 $68,233,629 $11 million [44]
Saw 3D October 29, 2010 $45,710,178 $90,440,256 $136,150,434 $17 million [45]
Total $415,914,068 $457,405,812 $873,319,880 $64 million estimated
Adjusted for 2011 inflation[31]
Film Release date Revenue Budget
United States
Other markets Worldwide
Saw October 29, 2004 $65,303,370 $56,695,965 $121,999,335 $1.2-1.4 million
Saw II October 28, 2005 $100,291,115 $69,950,938 $170,242,053 $4.6 million
Saw III October 27, 2006 $89,414,350 $94,313,972 $183,728,322 $11.2 million
Saw IV October 26, 2007 $68,351,472 $82,121,566 $150,473,038 $10.8 million
Saw V October 24, 2008 $59,606,215 $59,995,406 $119,601,621 $11.3 million
Saw VI October 23, 2009 $28,023,839 $41,024,227 $69,048,066 $11.1 million
Saw 3D October 29, 2010 $46,441,540 $91,887,301 $138,328,841 $17.3 million
Total $457,431,901 $495,989,375 $953,421,276 $67.7 million estimated

Critical reaction

On IGN's list of the top twenty-five movie franchises of all time, the Saw series ranks as number twenty-five.[46]

Film Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic
Saw 48% (169 reviews)[47] 46 (32 reviews)[48]
Saw II 36% (117 reviews)[49] 40 (28 reviews)[50]
Saw III 28% (87 reviews)[51] 48 (16 reviews)[52]
Saw IV 17% (76 reviews)[53] 36 (16 reviews)[54]
Saw V 12% (73 reviews)[55] 20 (12 reviews)[56]
Saw VI 37% (70 reviews)[57] 30 (12 reviews)[58]
Saw 3D 9% (74 reviews)[59] 24 (17 reviews)[60]

Merchandise and attractions

Main article: List of Saw media


Video games

Japanese video game company Konami currently owns the rights to the Saw interactive video game property. Konami stated in mid-2009 that they wanted to make Saw a series of video games to supplement the films. They also wish to make Saw their next big survival horror franchise next to their other property, Silent Hill. They stated that because Saw focuses on visual intensity and Silent Hill focuses on psychological terror, both could exist in the video game industry without directly competing against each other.[61]

The first game in the series, Saw, set between first and second film in the series, was initially released on October 6, 2009.[62][63][64] with a sequel Saw II: Flesh & Blood, released on October 19, 2010 for the Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3, ten days before the release of the seventh film, Saw 3D.[65]


Saw: Rebirth, a comic book prequel to the original film released to promote Saw II. Its canonicity was later contradicted by events in Saw IV.



Since Saw 3D's release there had been numerous reports and rumors about a new entry.[2][3][68] In a 2011 interview with IGN Wan stated "[The series] is finished for now, but since it's such a huge, well-known franchise, it's gonna come back at some point." When asked in the same interview what it would take to come back and Wan stated "I would come back if we were allowed to do something different and really cool."[69]

During February, 2016, Lionsgate confirmed it had hired screenwriters Josh Stolberg and Pete Goldfinger to write an eighth installment in the franchise, which has been tentatively titled Saw: Legacy with Peter and Michael Spierig directing and filming will start in September 2016 for an October 27, 2017 release date.[70][71][72] According to Clouser, Legacy is a re-invention of the franchise that will "establish a new story line and new characters that can carry the saga into the future."[73]

See also


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  2. 1 2 "Lionsgate Remaking Saw?". DreadCentral.
  3. 1 2 "Exclusive: Lionsgate Is Actively Developing Next 'Saw'". Bloody Disgusting.
  4. Sharrett, Christopher (December 2009). "The Problem of Saw: "Torture Porn" and the Conservatism of Contemporary Horror Films". 35 (1). Cineaste: 32–37.
  5. Nelson, Rob (October 23, 2009). "Saw VI Movie Review". Variety. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on January 25, 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2009.
  6. Scheck, Frank (October 23, 2009). "Saw VI – Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Archived from the original on September 15, 2011. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
  7. Tobias, Scott (October 29, 2010). "Saw creators Leigh Whannell and James Wan". The A.V. Club. The Onion. Archived from the original on August 16, 2011. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
  8. Thompson, Luke Y. (September 6, 2007). "Why Torture Porn Isn't". OC Weekly. Archived from the original on September 22, 2011. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
  10. Hoffman, Gregg (May 13, 2005). "Saw 2: Dairy #2". p. 2. Retrieved August 24, 2011.
  11. Saw script on IMSDb. Accessed 2010-07-23.
  12. Saw track listing on UGO. Accessed 2010-07-23.
  13. Monfette, Christopher (October 29, 2009). "The Anatomy of a Trap: Saw". IGN. News Corporation. Archived from the original on September 20, 2011. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
  14. Kit, Zorianna (July 22, 2010). ""Saw" movie franchise to get Guinness world record". Reuters. Archived from the original on September 21, 2011. Retrieved September 21, 2011.
  15. Foundas, Scott (August 30, 2011). "Splattered: An Interview with James Wan Talking torture, politics and not-so-sweet revenge". LA Weekly. Archived from the original on August 19, 2011. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
  16. Gray, Brandon (November 1, 2004). "'Ray,' 'Saw' See Robust Bows". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 17, 2011.
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  20. Gray, Brandon (October 31, 2005). "'Saw II' Gores 'Zorro' on Halloween Weekend". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on August 24, 2011. Retrieved August 24, 2011.
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  30. "Saw 3D (2010)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 1, 2010.
  31. 1 2 "Tom's Inflation Calculator" (Java). Retrieved September 20, 2011.
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  33. "Friday the 13th Movies at the Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved September 21, 2011.
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  38. "Child's Play at the Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved September 21, 2011.
  39. Messer, Ron (April 4, 2011). "James Wan & Leigh Whannell Insidious Interview; The Saw Creators Also Discuss Their Untitled Sci-Fi Project, Nihtfall, and Recent Horror Remakes". Archived from the original on August 18, 2011. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
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