Sancti Spíritus Province
|Sancti Spíritus Province|
|Province of Cuba|
|• Total||6,779.81 km2 (2,617.70 sq mi)|
|• Density||69/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
The southern coast of the province is flat, but the western portion of Sancti Spíritus province is mountainous. The southeast has numerous mangroves and swamps. The northern coast contains significant wetlands and protected areas such as the Bay of Buena Vista and the Caguanes National Park.
During the 17th century, both Dutch and British pirates attempted to take control of what is today Sancti Spíritus province, but with little success, as the Spanish garrison held them off. From 1660 to 1680, Trinidad was plagued by pirates from Jamaica and Tortuga, and on two occasions, pirates razed the city.
Tourism is a big earner for the province, with most of the tourism centered on the old city of Trinidad, a World Heritage-listed city which has dozens of colonial buildings (and almost no 20th-century architecture), dating back to the Spanish conquest in the 16th century.
Francisco Iznaga, a Basque landowner in the western portion of Cuba during the first thirty years of the colonization of Cuba, was elected Mayor of Bayamo in 1540. Iznaga was the originator of a powerful lineage which finally settled in Sancti Spíritus and Trinidad, the location of the Torre Iznaga. His descendants fought for the independence of Cuba and for annexation to the U.S., from 1820 to 1900.
In the area, as with most of Cuba, sugar cane and cattle are important commodities. Large surfaces are irrigated in the farmland between Zaza Reservoir, Zaza River, and Jatibonico River in La Sierpe region. Some tobacco and rice are also grown.
|Cabaiguán||67,224||597||231||22°05′2″N 79°29′43″W / 22.08389°N 79.49528°W|
|Fomento||33,528||471||182||22°06′19″N 79°43′12″W / 22.10528°N 79.72000°W|
|Jatibonico||42,708||765||295||21°56′47″N 79°10′3″W / 21.94639°N 79.16750°W|
|La Sierpe||16,937||1,035||400||21°45′39″N 79°14′36″W / 21.76083°N 79.24333°W|
|Sancti Spíritus||133,843||1,151||444||21°56′3″N 79°26′37″W / 21.93417°N 79.44361°W||Provincial capital|
|Taguasco||36,365||518||200||22°00′19″N 79°15′54″W / 22.00528°N 79.26500°W|
|Trinidad||73,466||1,155||446||21°48′16″N 79°58′58″W / 21.80444°N 79.98278°W|
|Yaguajay||58,938||1,032||398||22°19′50″N 79°14′13″W / 22.33056°N 79.23694°W|
- "Lugar que ocupa el territorio según la superficie y la población" (PDF). Una MIRADA a Cuba (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Cuba. 2010.
- Jorge Iznaga. FRANCISCO IZNAGA Iznaga Genealogy (IZNAGA - 1420 - Present), Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
- Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-06.
- Government of Cuba (2002). "Population by Province" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-02.
Media related to Sancti Spíritus Province at Wikimedia Commons