Samani (Assyrian king)

Monarch of Aššūrāyu
Reign fl. c. 2179 BCE — fl. c. 2166 BCE
Predecessor Hale
Successor Hayani
Father Hale

Samani was the nineteenth Assyrian monarch of the Early Period of Aššūrāyu (Assyria) according to the Assyrian King List (AKL). Samani is listed within a section of the AKL as the third out of the ten "kings whose fathers are known". This section (which in contrast to the rest of the list) had been written in reverse order—beginning with Aminu and ending with Apiashalaltogether ten kings who are ancestors[1][2]”—and has often been interpreted as the list of ancestors of the Amorite Šamši-Adad I (fl. c. 1809 BCE)[2] who had conquered the city-state of Aššur.[3] The AKL also states that Samani was the son and successor of Hale. Additionally, the AKL states that Samani had been both the predecessor and father of Hayani.

Preceded by
Monarch of Aššūrāyu
fl. c. 2179 BCE — fl. c. 2166 BCE
Succeeded by

See also


  1. Glassner, Jean-Jacques (2004). Mesopotamian Chronicles. Society of Biblical Literature. p. 137. ISBN 1589830903.
  2. 1 2 Meissner, Bruno (1990). Reallexikon der Assyriologie. 6. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. p. 104. ISBN 3110100517.
  3. Van De Mieroop, Marc (2004). A History of the Ancient Near East ca. 3000-323 BC (2nd ed.). Blackwell Publishing. p. 107. ISBN 9781405149112.
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