Sagittaria fasciculata

bunched arrowhead

Imperiled  (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Alismatales
Family: Alismataceae
Genus: Sagittaria
Species: S. fasciculata
Binomial name
Sagittaria fasciculata
E.O. Beal

Sagittaria fasciculata, the bunched arrowhead[1] (also known as duck potato, Indian potato, or wapato) is a plant found in wetlands. This plant produces edible tubers that were heavily collected by the Native Americans as a food source. STATUS: Endangered, Federal Register, July 25, 1979[2][3]


Sagittaria fasciculata is a perennial herb up to 35 cm tall. Submerged leaves are long and narrow, round in cross-section. Emerging leaves are flat, broadly ovate or lanceolate.[4][5][6]


Sagittaria fasciculata is only known to be found in Henderson and Buncombe Counties in North Carolina plus Greenville and Laurens Counties in South Carolina.[4][7]


Sagittaria fasciculata is found in seepage areas with little to no flow. It prefers shaded areas on sandy loams.[4][8]


  1. "Sagittaria fasciculata". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  2. Federal Registerl
  3. Buchanan, M.F. and J.T. Finnegan. 2010. Natural Heritage Program List of the Rare Plant Species of North Carolina. N.C. Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh, NC.
  4. 1 2 3 Flora of North America v 22, Sagittaria fasciculata
  5. Beal, Ernest O. 1960. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 76(1): 76, f. 3, map 5, Sagittaria fasciculata
  6. United States fish & Wildlife Service, Raleigh Ecological Services Field Office, bunched arrowhead
  7. Biota of North America Program, map, Sagittaria fasciculata
  8. Newberry, Gillian. 1991. Factors affecting the survival of the rare plant Sagittaria fasciculata E.O. Beal (Alismataceae). Castanea 56(1):59-64.
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