For the districts in Delhi, see Safdarjung (Delhi).
Safdar Jung
Mirza (Royal title)
Nawab of Oudh
Nawab Wazir al-Mamalik
Wazir ul-Hindustan (Prime Minister of India)
Subedar of Kashmir, Agra & Oudh
Khan Bhadur
Firdaus Aaramgah[nt 1]
Reign 19 March 1739– 5 October 1754
Predecessor Saadat Ali Khan I
Successor Shuja-Ud-Daulah
Spouse(s) Amat Jahan Begum

Full name

Abul Mansur Mirza Muhammad Muqim Ali Khan Safdarjung
Father Shaista Khan
Born 1708
Died 5 October 1754(1754-10-05)
Sultanpur, India
Buried Safdarjung's Tomb, Safdarjung Road, New Delhi
Religion Shia Islam

Military career

Allegiance Mughal Empire
Service/branch Nawab of Awadh
Rank Subadar
Battles/wars Mughal-Maratha Wars

Safdar Jung (Hindi: सफ़्दरजंग, Urdu: صفدرجنگ) (b. c. 1708 – d. 5 October 1754), was the Subadar Nawab of Oudh (the ruler of the Indian state of Oudh, also known as Awadh) from 19 March 1739 to 5 October 1754.[1] He was a descendant of Qara Yusuf from the Kara Koyunlu. He was The subehdar of Assam from 1750-1754.


In 1739 he succeeded his father-in-law and maternal uncle, the Burhan ul Mulk Saadat Ali Khan I to the throne of Oudh, apparently by paying Nadir Shah twenty million rupees. The Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah gave him the title of "Safdarjung".[2]

Safdarjung was an able administrator. He was not only effective in keeping control of Oudh, but also managed to render valuable assistance to the weakened Muhammad Shah. He was soon given governorship of Kashmir as well, and became a central figure at the Delhi court. During the later years of Muhammad Shah, he gained complete control of administration in the Mughal Empire. When Ahmad Shah Bahadur ascended the throne at Delhi in 1748, Safdarjung became his Wazir ul-Mamalik-i-Hindustan or Chief Minister of Hindustan. He was also made the governor of Ajmer and became the "Faujdar" of Narnaul. However, court politics eventually overtook him and he was dismissed in 1753.[2] He returned to Oudh in December 1753, and made Faizabad military headquarter. He died in October 1755 at the age of 46 years in Sultanpur near Faizabad.[2]


Safdarjung's Tomb was built in 1754 and is situated on a road now known as Safdarjung Road, in New Delhi.[3]

Several other modern structures near the tomb also carry his name today (Safdarjung Airport and Safdarjang Hospital).

See also



  1. title after death

Media related to Safdarjung at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Borhan al-Molk Mir Mohammad Amin Musawi Sa`adat 'Ali Khan I
Subadar Nawab of Oudh
(1st time)
Succeeded by
post abolished
Preceded by
new creation
Nawab Wazir al-Mamalik of Oudh
(acting to 29 Jun 1748)
Succeeded by
post abolished
Preceded by
new creation
Subadar Nawab of Oudh
(2nd time)
Succeeded by
Jalal ad-Din Shoja' ad-Dowla Haydar
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