Rutilus caspicus
Vobla on Azerbaijani postage stamp
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Genus: Rutilus
Species: Rutilus caspicus
Binomial name
Rutilus caspicus
(Yakovlev, 1870)
  • Leuciscus rutilus caspicus Yakovlev, 1870
  • Rutilus rutilus caspicus (Yakovlev, 1870)
  • Cyprinus rutilus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Rutilus rutilus (non Linnaeus, 1758)

The vobla (Rutilus caspicus), also termed the Caspian roach, is a species of cyprinid fish inhabiting the Caspian Sea and inflowing rivers. It is closely related to the common roach (R. rutilus) and often considered its subspecies, R. r. caspicus.

Salt-dried vobla is a common Russian meal or snack that goes well with beer. It is popular in many Russian households and beer restaurants.


The vobla has a typical size of 30–35 cm (maximum published 45 cm) and a weight of 800 g (maximum published 2000 g). It can be distinguished from its congeners in the Caspian Sea by these characteristics:


The vobla is found in brackish coastal waters of the northern and northwestern Caspian Sea, and enters Volga, Ural, Emba, Terek, and Kura drainages for spawning.

Food use

Salt-dried vobla is generally eaten without sauces or side dishes. Many people like to eat their vobla with a glass of beer, which lessens the salty taste of the fish.

Vobla could be considered a raw fish, but, in fact, it is neither raw nor cooked, but rather salt-cured. It is soaked in brine for some days and then is thoroughly air-dried for another two, which in the end denatures the protein, as a form of chemical "cooking".

See also

Look up vobla in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
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