Russia at the Olympics
Russia has competed at the modern Olympic Games on many occasions, but as different nations in its history. As the Russian Empire, the nation first competed at the 1900 Games, and returned again in 1908 and 1912. After the Russian revolution in 1917, and the subsequent establishment of the Soviet Union in 1922, it would be thirty years until Russian athletes once again competed at the Olympics, as the Soviet Union at the 1952 Summer Olympics. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia competed as part of the Unified Team in 1992, and finally returned once again as Russia at the 1994 Winter Olympics.
The Russian Olympic Committee was created in 1991 and recognized in 1993. The Soviet Union hosted the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, and Russia hosted the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi.
In six appearances Russian athletes have won a total of 432 medals at the Summer Olympic Games and another 124 at the Winter Olympic Games. Over the most recent twelve Games (since 1994), Russia's 556 total medals, including 197 gold medals, are second only to the United States.
All Summer and Winter Olympic medals of the Soviet Union and the Russian Empire were inherited by Russia, but not combined together with the medal count of the Russian Federation.
Russia has hosted the Games on one occasion.
- *Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.
Medals by Summer Games
Medals by Winter Games
Medals by summer sport
Leading in that sport
Medals by winter sport
- On 11 August 2012, Evgeniya Kanaeva made history by becoming the first individual back to back olympic champion in rhythmic gymnastics at the individual all around event.
- On 21 August 2016, the Russian group of rhythmic gymnastics won their fifth title in a row at the group all around competition.
- On 19 August 2016, both the Russian duet and team of synchronized swimming won their fifth title in a row at the duet and group events.
- On 9 February 2014, Russia captured the inaugural gold medal in the team figure skating event at the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics. Yulia Lipnitskaya, at 15, becomes the youngest Russian Winter Olympic medalist.
- On 10 February 2014, Viktor Ahn won the first short track speedskating medal for Russia competing as Russia. He won the bronze medal in the 1500m short track speedskating event at the 2014 Sochi winter Olympics.
- On 15 February 2014, Ahn won the second Russian gold medal in the 1000m short track speedskating event, leading the first Russian 1-2 finish in short track, with Vladimir Grigorev winning silver. At 31 years and 191 days, Grigorev also became the oldest man to win a short track Olympic medal.
- On 20 February 2014, Adelina Sotnikova won the first ever Russian ladies figure skating gold medal.