Born: September 12, 1917|
Died: December 5, 1954 37) (aged|
|April 14, 1942, for the Philadelphia Athletics|
|Last MLB appearance|
|October 1, 1948, for the Cleveland Indians|
|Earned run average||3.37|
|Career highlights and awards|
Russell Ormand Christopher (September 12, 1917 – December 5, 1954) was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for seven seasons in the American League with the Philadelphia Athletics and Cleveland Indians. In 241 career games, Christopher pitched 999⅔ innings and posted a win-loss record of 54–64, with 46 complete games, three shutouts, and a 3.37 earned run average (ERA).
A 6'3, 180 lb. player from Richmond, California, he played minor league baseball in the New York Yankees organization before being acquired by the Athletics in the rule 5 draft. Christopher joined the Athletics' major league roster in 1942 and played six seasons for them, and made his only All-Star appearance in 1945. He was traded to the Indians before the 1948 season, and played one year of baseball with them. After the season ended, he retired due to health concerns and worked at an aircraft plant until his death in 1954.
Early life and minor leagues
Christopher was born in Richmond, California. His brother, Loyd Christopher, went on to become a major league outfielder. Loyd was the one first interested in becoming a professional baseball player, but would not sign a contract unless Russ signed one as well. As a child, Christopher had a case of rheumatic fever, which damaged his heart.
He had his first taste of professional baseball in 1938, when he signed with the Clovis Pioneers of the West Texas–New Mexico League. He pitched in 13 games for the pioneers, posting a 7–5 record, 106 innings pitched and a 4.50 ERA. The following year, Christopher joined the El Paso Texans, the rookie-level minor league team of the New York Yankees farm system. In 32 games with the Texans, he posted an 18–7 record, pitched 225 innings and had an ERA of 3.68. He was promoted in 1940 to the Wenatchee Chiefs of the Western International League, where he finished the year with an 8–8 record and a 4.72 ERA in 20 games. At the end of the season, he was promoted to the Newark Bears of the International League along with seven other minor league players.
In his lone season with the Bears, Christopher pitched in 31 games. Among those games was a four-hit shutout against the Rochester Red Wings in the International League playoffs to put the Bears up two games to none. In the championship series against the Montreal Royals, Christopher pitched seven solid innings in a victory for the Bears, but injured his back and did not play another game that season. He finished the season with a 16–7 record, a 2.82 ERA and 12 complete games. At the conclusion of the season, Christopher was considered the top prospect in the rule 5 draft, and the Philadelphia Athletics selected him with the first pick of the draft.
After pitching with the Athletics in spring training, manager Connie Mack placed Christopher on the major league roster, and he made his debut on April 14, 1942. On May 5, Christopher made his first appearance as a starting pitcher against the Detroit Tigers. The Athletics won the game, 2–1, and he got his first major league win. After another win five days later, he began a long losing streak. Many of the games he did pitch were in relief, including a game in June against the Cleveland Indians where he only allowed one hit in three innings. He got his third win of the season three months after his second on August 20 in a 2–1 victory over the Washington Nationals. He finished the season with a 4–13 record, a 3.82 ERA, 30 total games, 58 strikeouts and 99 walks. The following season, Christopher re-signed with the Athletics, and was one of the few remaining pitchers from the previous year on the team, the rest having been called to serve in World War II. He began the season in the starting rotation, winning his first start of the season against the Boston Red Sox in a 5–0 shutout. Over the course of the season, he converted to a sidearm pitching delivery, which led to three victories in a row for him. After a July 9 loss to the Tigers brought his record to 4–6, Christopher did not pitch again until August 24, and spent the rest of the season pitching in relief. He finished the season with a 5–8 record and a 3.45 ERA.
Christopher began the 1944 Philadelphia Athletics season as a member of the starting rotation along with Don Black, Lum Harris and Bobo Newsom. However, he did split time in the first half of the year between the starting rotation and the bullpen. Among those appearances was a 16-inning match against the Chicago White Sox; Christopher pitched the final four innings, losing 4–2 after Hal Trosky stole home plate. On July 14, he pitched a 4–3 victory against the Senators, helping his team defeat Hall of Fame pitcher Early Wynn for the first time in three years. After starting the season with a 4–10 record, on July 22 Christopher went on a seven-game winning streak that culminated with a 5–1 complete game victory over the White Sox. He finished the season with a 14–14 record, 84 strikeouts and an ERA of 2.97. After the season ended, Christopher and others went on a barnstorming tour throughout the United States, ending in Wenatchee, Washington.
The following season, Christopher was part of an optimistic 1945 Athletics team, so much so that coach Earle Mack felt that Christopher, Black, Newsom and Jesse Flores were the best quartet of starting pitchers in the league. He spent most of spring training holding out for a new contract, which was eventually agreed on in the middle of March. He missed the first couple weeks of the season due to injury, and won his season debut on April 18, a 12-inning shutout against the Senators. He followed that up with a victory over the Boston Red Sox, allowing only one earned run in his first 21 innings of the season. In mid-June, Christopher had won ten games, which not only led the league, but was more than the seven the rest of the Athletics pitching staff had combined. On July 21, Christopher was part of a 24-inning game against the Tigers that ended in a 1–1 tie; he went 13 innings in the game while Joe Berry pitched the other 11. Although Christopher had a strong start to the season, he struggled during the second half. He lost seven straight games over a two-month period before winning another on August 19 against the Tigers. He finished the year with a 13–13 record and a 3.17 ERA. He was selected to the American League All-Star team, however the game was canceled as a result of World War II.
The 1946 Philadelphia Athletics season began with Christopher the subject of a possible trade. The Athletics tried to obtain Johnny Lindell from the Yankees, but they wanted Christopher in return. Mack refused to give him up, and as a result the trade never materialized. He began the season in the starting rotation, and was the opening day starting pitcher in a 5–0 loss against the Yankees. Over the first part of the season, Christopher again split time between the rotation and the bullpen. In a 7–3 loss to the Indians on July 18, Christopher could not get out of the second inning, allowing five earned runs. After this, he did not pitch for a month, and spent the rest of the season as an occasional reliever. He finished the season with five wins, seven losses and a 4.30 ERA. After the season ended, Christopher began contemplating retirement from baseball. He had lost 10 pounds in the final months of the season and was light to begin with, and decided that he would retire if he could not gain the weight back over the winter.
Christopher gained the weight back and rejoined the Athletics for the 1947 season. While there was talk of keeping him in the rotation, he ended up becoming a full-time reliever for the team. Despite this, Christopher was still able to contribute with his bat; he drove in the winning run in a May 29 game against the Red Sox. Over the course of the season, Christopher evolved into the Athletics' closer, finishing the games when the team's pitchers could not go the distance. He finished the season having played 44 games, finishing 38 of them and getting 12 saves in the process. He also had 10 wins, seven losses, and a 2.90 ERA. At the end of the season, Christopher was holding out on his contract, wanting either a starting role in the rotation or more money to remain a reliever. The two sides agreed to a deal at the end of February, and he looked to be a starting pitcher during the 1948 season.
While Christopher was holding out for a new deal from the Athletics, he was also trying to gain weight. He went to around 40 banquets on behalf of Connie Mack during the offseason, and despite his eating habits, he remained at 170 pounds, not gaining an ounce. After apparently reaching an agreement with the Athletics, Christopher was purchased by the Cleveland Indians on April 3, 1948. While the deal was made between Mack and Indians owner Bill Veeck, Mack said he would not have made it unless Christopher consented to it, which he did not expect to happen. Indians manager Lou Boudreau reacted positively to the trade and felt that he was the missing piece for a pennant run. He said of the trade, "With Christopher on out staff, we're definitely contenders."
While Christopher was hoping to start, the Indians felt, like the Athletics, that he would be better as a relief pitcher for them. Early in the season, Christopher told Veeck that 1948 would be his final year, as his wife joined the doctors' side, wanting him to retire and noting that he was playing on "borrowed time" already. He spent the season as the Indians' chief relief pitcher alongside Ed Klieman, both of whom were considered two of the best relievers in the league that season. Christopher finished the season with 45 games played, a 3–2 record, a 2.90 ERA, and 17 saves, which led the league. In the 1948 World Series, he pitched in game five, facing Mike McCormick and Eddie Stanky. He allowed singles to both hitters and allowed two runs to score, and was relieved by Satchel Paige, ending his only playoff appearance.
After the World Series ended, Christopher mulled over retirement, and in January 1949, he made it official. However, at the start of February, he reconsidered and signed a contract with the Indians, deciding to play for one more year. A month later, as spring training began, he decided to retire for good, ending his career in baseball.
After retiring, Christopher moved to San Diego, where he lived with his wife and three children. In December 1950, Christopher underwent heart surgery, and afterward felt optimistic about the possibility of pitching again. After a tryout with the Indians in 1951, he joined the San Diego Padres for a salary of $1 a year. He spent several weeks training with the team, but was eventually released at the end of April, ending his comeback attempt.
When his final attempt at a comeback failed, Christopher went on to work in an aircraft plant in San Diego. He died in his hometown of Richmond, California, at the age of 37 on December 5, 1954 and is interred at Chapel of the Chimes in Oakland, California.
Russ' youngest daughter, Lynn Mary Christopher, born August 10, 1950, lives 6 months in San Diego County, and 6 months in Prescott, Arizona.
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- "Russ Christopher Minor League Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 22, 2010.
- "Newark Bears Buy Eight Farm Players". The Baltimore Sun. September 13, 1940. p. 19.
- "Bears Again Beat Red Wings, 7 To 0; Gain 2–0 Lead in Governors' Cup Series". The New York Times. September 10, 1941. Retrieved November 22, 2010.
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- "Russ Christopher Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
- "Athletics' 2 In 8th Subdue Tigers, 2–1; Christopher, Making His Initial Start in Majors, Limits Detroit to 3 Blows". The New York Times. May 5, 1944. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- "Mort Cooper Racks Up Seventh Win Of Year As Cards Eke Out 2 To 1 Victory". Beaver County Times. June 11, 1942. p. 9. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
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- "Boston Blanked By A's; Shutout Total Now Eight". The Milwaukee Journal. April 24, 1943. p. 12. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
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- Meier, Ted (March 14, 1945). "Russ Christopher of A's, Expected To Be One Of Best Twirlers In American League, Ends Holdout". TimesDaily. p. 5. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- "Firsts of the Season". The Sporting News. April 26, 1945. p. 16.
- "Christopher Clicks Again For Athletics". St. Petersburg Times. April 23, 1945. p. 10. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- Cuddy, Jack (June 16, 1945). "Lend An Ear, Folks! Two Ton Tony Talks". The Milwaukee Journal. p. 2. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- Baumgartner, Stan (July 26, 1945). "Thrilling Double Play Climaxed 24-Inning Tiger-Athletic Game". The Sporting News. p. 12.
- "Borowy Proves He's All Right". The Nevada Daily Mail. August 20, 1945. p. 6. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- "1945 American League Awards, All-Stars, & More Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 28, 2010.
- "Mack's Trading Blood Aroused". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. March 15, 1946. p. 10. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- "Feller Hurls Three-Hit Shut-Out As Season Opens". The Spokesman-Review. April 17, 1946. p. 10. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- "Indians Trim Athletics". The Baltimore Sun. July 19, 1946. p. 16.
- Hall, Dan (November 27, 1946). "Catching Up On The Baseball Dope". St. Petersburg Times. p. 10. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- "Russ Christopher Singles In Ninth To Down Red Sox". The Hartford Courant. May 30, 1947. p. 11.
- "Christopher Gets Starting Job With A's". Reading Eagle. February 28, 1948. p. 7. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- Morrow, Art (March 3, 1948). "40 Feasts Fail to Add Ounce to Christopher". The Sporting News. p. 16.
- Morrow, Art (April 14, 1948). "A's Sale of Christopher Surprises Even Connie". The Sporting News. p. 7.
- McAuley, Ed (April 14, 1948). "Beanpole Russ Greeted as Big Prop for Wigwam". The Sporting News. p. 7.
- Vaughan, Doug (May 4, 1948). "On the Rebound". Windsor Star. p. 18. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- Reichler, Joe (June 29, 1948). "Top Relief Pitching Keeping Flag Contenders Riding High". The Owosso Argus-Press. p. 7. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- "October 10, 1948 World Series Game 5, Braves at Indians". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 30, 2010.
- "Russ Christopher Reconsiders; Signs With Cleveland Again". Eugene Register-Guard. February 3, 1949. p. 8. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- "Russ Christopher Quits Big Leagues for Good". The Hartford Courant. March 4, 1949. p. 19.
- "Pacific Coast League". The Sporting News. May 2, 1951. p. 24.
- Gibbons, Frank (March 26, 1952). "Christopher Picks Up Brissie". The Sporting News. p. 2.
- Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference
- Russell Christopher at Find a Grave