Rowland Heights, California
|Census designated place|
Location of Rowland Heights in Los Angeles County, California.
Location in the United States
|Coordinates: 33°58′51″N 117°53′23″W / 33.98083°N 117.88972°WCoordinates: 33°58′51″N 117°53′23″W / 33.98083°N 117.88972°W|
|• Total||13.082 sq mi (33.881 km2)|
|• Land||13.076 sq mi (33.866 km2)|
|• Water||0.006 sq mi (0.015 km2) 0.04%|
|Elevation||525 ft (160 m)|
|• Density||3,700/sq mi (1,400/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|Area codes||562, 626, and 909|
|GNIS feature ID||1661344|
Rowland Heights is a unincorporated community and census-designated place of 13.1 square miles (34 km2), located in and below the Puente Hills in the San Gabriel Valley, in Los Angeles County, California. The population of the census designated place (CDP) was 48,993 at the 2010 census, up from 48,553 at the 2000 census. Because Rowland Heights is an unincorporated community instead of an incorporated city, it is dependent upon County of Los Angeles representation (County Board of Supervisors).
The Mexican land grant Rancho La Puente was granted by Governor Juan B. Alvarado to John Rowland in April 1842, totaling about 18,000 acres (7,284 ha). Three years later, Governor Pio Pico amended the grant, enlarging it to nearly 49,000 acres (19,830 ha) and adding William Workman as a co-owner. In 1868, after they received their federal land patent the prior year, Rowland and Workman divided Rancho La Puente, with Workman largely taking the western and central portions and Rowland the northern, southern and eastern sections, including what became most of Rowland Heights. The east section of Rowland Heights, between Nogales Street and Brea Canyon Road falls within Rancho Rincon de la Brea. The ranch of Rowland's grandson, John A. Rowland III was behind the 99 Ranch Market near the corner of Gale Avenue and Nogales Street and the Rowland family owns part of that property today, leasing most of it for commercial use. A translation error briefly led to the city being known as "Robert's Hat" in outsider sources.
Rowland Heights has grown significantly during the 1990s. Originally built on a pig farm that covered much of modern-day Rowland Heights, the Rowland Homestead was mostly orange groves until the eastward sprawl from Los Angeles spawned working-class communities and affordable housing developments then formed. As the 60 freeway was extended beyond the western boundary, the community continued growth equal to that of most communities in Southern California. Development next to the freeway, zoned for industrial investment, eventually helped to support the housing developments that continue well into the 21st century.
Since the 1990s, there has been a significant demographic shift as many upper-middle-class to wealthier immigrants from Taiwan, China, and South Korea have settled in the hillside homes of Rowland Heights (and in neighboring regions such as Hacienda Heights, Walnut, and Diamond Bar). Also, Rowland Heights has also attracted immigrants from mainland China because the area is advertised in China as having good homes and convenient shopping centers. Additionally, Latinos have maintained a long-standing presence in the lower sections. The city has developed an eclectic suburban "Chinatown" and "Koreatown", mostly in the form of upscale strip malls on Colima Road, with another concentration along Nogales Street. There are several large Asian product supermarkets - such as a 99 Ranch Market (billed as the chain's largest location during the late 1980s), Hong Kong Supermarket, and Monterey Park-based Shun Fat Supermarket (a relatively recent development that replaced Vons market) - in the area. Also there are Korean supermarkets such as Galleria Market (formerly known as DoReMi Market/HanGook Market) and Greenland Market.
Once predominantly Anglo and Hispanic since inception in 1842, this area has gradually become one of the Chinese centers in the greater Los Angeles beginning in the 1990s. Originally formed by the stream of business expansions from Monterey Park (now a heavily mainland Chinese enclave), which is the undisputed "Chinatown" of Los Angeles County , Rowland Heights has become an area comparable to a "Chinatown" by itself largely populated by Taiwanese. Local Taiwanese refer to Rowland Heights as "Little Taipei", due to its high concentration of Taiwanese restaurants and businesses. It has become the center for Chinese commercial and cultural activity in the southeastern region of the San Gabriel Valley. While Rowland Heights and adjacent areas are still predominantly Waishengren (mainland Chinese refugees who retreated to Taiwan in 1949), in recent years many mainland Chinese emigres have also been increasingly purchasing homes and starting small businesses in the area. As an example, some eateries of Taiwanese cuisine are now actually operated by mainland Chinese. Additionally, there are several popular eateries in the area, including Rowland Garden Cafe (inside of the Hong Kong Supermarket center), Happy Harbor Seafood Restaurant (inside of the 99 Ranch Market center) as well as several trendy restaurants geared toward the young and affluent Asian population.
Possibly owing to Rowland Heights as evolving into the cultural center for the Chinese diaspora, mostly 49er Taiwanese (multi-generational natives of the island formerly known as Formosa), with a growing number of mainland Chinese - and as the connection to and from northern Orange County (mostly to the city of La Habra), Fullerton Road in Rowland Heights is among the heavily traversed roads in the region.
In March 2012, Rowland Heights became a popular site when a 340 tonnes (750,000 lb), two-story granite rock was parked on Pathfinder Road. This rock, which originated from Riverside County, was travelling on its way to the Los Angeles County Museum of Art as part of Michael Heizer’s Levitated Mass exhibition.
As with most housing patterns in the Southland, pricier homes such as those located in the Vantage Pointe community are usually found on the nearby hills. More expensive housing can also be found in the Rancho El Dorado community, with homes built by Beverly Hill's S&S Construction in the late 80s and 90s. More affordable housing is located closer to the freeways; in this case, these are located near Highway 60 by the City of Industry.
The 2015 Rowland Heights, California bullying incident involved Chinese nationals.
As part of an unincorporated community, Rowland Heights residents, c. 1980, formed a series of community-based organizations, including the Rowland Heights Community Coordinating Council(or RHCCC) to give input to their government representatives (the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors) and their State and Federal legislators. Among the items of concern for the residents was the growth of the community away from a semi-rural setting to a more highly congested area. As a result, the Rowland Heights General Plan was formed to govern the growth of the community. Over the years these Rowland Heights community-based organizations slowly disbanded until approximately 2000, when the Rowland Heights residents reestablished the RHCCC to take on the issues of unmitigated and unplanned growth (increased building density), traffic, lack of community services, among other items. Through hard work, the residents were able to work with their County of Los Angeles representatives to put in place building density and design standards to control growth to some extent. To this day, the RHCCC continues to exist as a community-based organization of resident volunteers consisting of a Nine Person Board of Directors, a Development Committee, Community Improvement Committee, Membership Committee and other committees and task forces. The RHCCC is dedicated to provide a forum and a conduit for the flow of information for the residents of Rowland Heights regarding issues that affect the community and quality of life. It conducts a general meeting to present information to the public (including proposed development projects), a Board meeting to analyze community input and concerns and formulate a plan regarding how to address the same, a Development Committee to study proposed projects and their impact on the community, a Membership Committee to promote and increase awareness of community issues, and a Community Improvement Committee to address concerns with items such as graffiti abatement and community beautification.
Unlike its unincorporated neighbor to the west (Hacienda Heights), Rowland Heights has never held a cityhood election. However, recent talks about the County shortchanging the area in terms of basic services, the views of the RHCCC, the potential development of the hills above Rowland Heights along with annexation from the ever-encroaching Diamond Bar - concerned residents have banded together in a Political Action Committee the Rowland Heights Advocate for City Hood ID#1296887 to research the possibility of becoming a city.
Los Angeles County Library locates the library branch.
The library interior has 14,000 square feet (1,300 m2) of space and has approximately 134,215 book titles, 260 magazine and newspaper subscriptions, 7,004 audio recordings and 5,798 video cassettes. The Library also has resources of ethnic and non-English (Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Spanish, Vietnamese) materials, local history materials, telephone directories, pamphlets and maps, microforms and CD-ROM educational materials. The community room seats approximately 80 persons.
The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (LASD) operates the Walnut/Diamond Bar Station in Walnut. It is spread out over 260 square miles (670 km2), encompassing the contract cities of Diamond Bar and Walnut, and the unincorporated area of Rowland Heights Heights. In addition the LASD operates the Rowland Heights Asian Community Center. The California Highway Patrol (CHP), Santa Fe Springs Area office, is responsible for traffic enforcement matters and traffic collision investigations throughout unincorporated area of Rowland Heights, unincorporated Hacienda Heights, and State Route 60 freeway, which is a major thoroughfare between the city of Los Angeles and the Inland Empire.
Rowland Heights is located at 33°58′51″N 117°53′23″W / 33.98083°N 117.88972°W (33.980962, -117.889791).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 13.1 square miles (34 km2), all of it land.
| Rowland Heights CDP|
Population by year
The 2010 United States Census reported that Rowland Heights had a population of 48,993. The population density was 3,745.2 people per square mile (1,446.0/km²). The racial makeup of Rowland Heights was 29,284 (59.8%) Asian, 11,506 (23.5%) White (10.3% Non-Hispanic White), 772 (1.6%) African American, 175 (0.4%) Native American, 61 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 5,658 (11.5%) from other races, and 1,537 (3.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13,229 persons (27.0%).
The Census reported that 48,831 people (99.7% of the population) lived in households, 148 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 14 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 14,520 households, out of which 5,557 (38.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 9,137 (62.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,080 (14.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,097 (7.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 424 (2.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 69 (0.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,585 households (10.9%) were made up of individuals and 638 (4.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.36. There were 12,314 families (84.8% of all households); the average family size was 3.54.
The population was spread out with 9,960 people (20.3%) under the age of 18, 4,854 people (9.9%) aged 18 to 24, 12,918 people (26.4%) aged 25 to 44, 14,819 people (30.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 6,442 people (13.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.2 years. For every 100 females there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.
There were 15,152 housing units at an average density of 1,158.3 per square mile (447.2/km²), of which 9,811 (67.6%) were owner-occupied, and 4,709 (32.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.2%. 33,167 people (67.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 15,664 people (32.0%) lived in rental housing units. The estimated median house or condo value in 2009 was $461,614. The TOTAL mean price [for sale] of homes was $584,259.
According to the 2010 United States Census, Rowland Heights had a median household income of $62,631, with 10.6% of the population living below the federal poverty line. More recently, Los Angeles Times is ranking Rowland Heights at #87 out of 265, with a median income of $72,638.
These were the ten neighborhoods in Los Angeles County with the largest percentage of Asian residents, according to the 2000 census:
County, state, and federal politics
In the California State Senate, Rowland Heights is located in California's 29th State Senate district, which is represented by Republican Bob Huff. In the California State Assembly, it is located in California's 55th State Assembly district, which is represented by Republican Ling-Ling Chang. In the U.S. House of Representatives, it is located in California's 39th congressional district, which is represented by Republican Ed Royce.
Foothill Transit and the Metro provide bus transit services throughout the San Gabriel Valley. The main Metro Bus Terminal is in El Monte. In addition, the Metrolink commuter train runs west towards Downtown Los Angeles and east to San Bernardino through the Valley.
The San Gabriel Valley is served by several major freeways, including the San Bernardino Freeway (Interstate 10), Foothill Freeway (I-210), San Gabriel River Freeway (I-605), and the Long Beach Freeway (I-710). State highways include the Orange Freeway (State Route 57), the Pomona Freeway (State Route 60), Ventura Freeway (State Route 134), and the Pasadena Freeway (State Route 110).
Rowland Unified School District has 4 National Blue Ribbon Schools, 16 "California State Distinguished Schools" and more state Golden Bell awards than any other school district in the region. There are more than 16,000 students and 21 elementary and secondary schools in the district, serving the communities of Rowland Heights, Walnut, La Puente, City of Industry and West Covina. Students from other communities may attend Rowland Heights schools after obtaining a permit.
- Public High Schools in Rowland Heights
- Alternative Schools
- Santana High School
- Rowland Unified Community Day School Students: 57; Grades: 07 - 12
- Rowland Assistive Technology Academy
- Middle/Intermediate Schools
- Alvarado Intermediate School 7-8
- Giano Intermediate School 7-8
- K-8 Schools
- Stanley G. Oswalt Academy K-8
- Telesis Academy of Science & Math
- Ybarra Academy of the Arts & Technology
- Elementary Schools
- Blandford Elementary School K-6
- Farjardo Elementary School K-6 (Closed)
- Hollingworth Elementary School K-6
- Hurley Elementary School K-6
- Jellick Elementary School K-6
- Killian Elementary School K-6
- La Seda Elementary School K-6 (Closed
- Northam Elementary School K-6
- Rorimer Elementary School K-6
- Shelyn Elementary School K-6
- Villacorta Elementary School K-6
- Yorbita Elementary School K-6
- Rowland Elementary School K-6
- Private schools
- Oxford School 7-12
- Southlands Christian School
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
- "Rowland Heights". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
- Paul R. Spitzzeri, The Workman and Temple Families of Southern California, 1830-1930" (Dallas: Seligson Publishing, 2008), 58-63, 72, 102-105, 130
- Thompson, George E. You Live Where?: Interesting and Unusual Facts about where We Live. iUniverse. p. 29. ISBN 978-1-4401-3421-0.
- "Rowland Heights Advocates for Cityhood".
- "Walnut/Diamond Bar Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
- "Rowland Heights Asian Community Center." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Climate Summary for Rowland Heights, California
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Rowland Heights CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0663218.html. Missing or empty
- "Asian", Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
- "Pomona Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
- "Complimentary Bus Service to LAX," China Airlines
- http://rowlandschools.org/apps/pages/index.jsp?uREC_ID=173452&type=d | Closed Elementary Schools (F)
- http://rowlandschools.org/apps/pages/index.jsp?uREC_ID=173452&type=d | Closed Elementary School (L)
||City of Industry||City of Industry|| Diamond Bar
Unincorporated San Bernardino County
|La Habra Heights||Unincorporated San Bernardino County|
|Unincorporated Orange County|| Unincorporated Orange County
|Unincorporated San Bernardino County|