Rice cake

Puffed rice cakes, sold commercially in North America and Europe

A rice cake may be any kind of food item made from rice that has been shaped, condensed, or otherwise combined into a single object. A wide variety of rice cakes exist in many different cultures in which rice is eaten, and are particularly prevalent in Asia. Common variations include cakes made with rice flour, those made from ground rice, and those made from whole grains of rice compressed together or combined with some other binding substance.

Types of rice cakes by region

Types of rice cake include:

In Chinese cuisine

Cantonese sweet nian gao cake, pan-fried

In Taiwanese cuisine

In Korean cuisine

Tteok, Korean rice cakes

Steamed rice cake in an earthenware steamer was the oldest principal food for Koreans before sticky rice took over upon the invention of the iron pot.[1] Now, there are hundreds of different kinds of Korean rice cake or "tteok" eaten year round. In Korea, it is customary to eat tteok guk (tteok soup) on New Year's Day and sweet tteok at weddings and on birthdays. It is often considered a celebratory food and can range from rather elaborate versions or down to the plain-flavored tteok. Rice cakes are chosen for particular occasions depends on their color and the role they play in Korea’s traditional yin-yang cosmology.[2]

In Japanese cuisine

Mochi, a Japanese cake made from glutinous rice

The Japanese rice cake came from China and Korea in the Yayoi period. The rice cake evolved into Japanese sweets Wagashi by development of the Japanese tea ceremony.[5]

In Indian cuisines

Idli, a south Indian savory cake

In Indonesian cuisine

Lontong, popular in Indonesia and Malaysia, made of compressed rice rolled into a banana leaf

As a food staple

In Indonesia rice cakes can be plain and bland tasting, and are often treated as a food staple, as an alternative to steamed rice.

As a snack

Numerous of Indonesian kue (traditional cake) are using glutinous rice or rice flour. It can be sweet or savoury.

In Filipino cuisine

Puto, a Filipino steamed rice cake
Long lines of famous puto stores in Calasiao, Pangasinan

A common snack in the country, Filipinos have created many different kinds of rice cakes. In local language, it is called kakanin, derived from the word kanin, meaning prepared rice.

In Vietnamese cuisine

Steamed Bánh bò, a sweet, chewy Vietnamese sponge cake made from rice flour

In other cuisines

Bangladeshi style rice cake, originally known as Bhapa Pitha, eaten with molasses as a sweetener

See also


  1. ko:떡
  2. "Official Site of Korea Tourism Org.: `Rice Cake, Tteok :The Official Korea Tourism Guide Site". Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  3. "경남도민일보 ::: 밀양떡, 양반 입맛 사로잡던 그 맛 그대로". Odomin.com. Retrieved 2012-09-03.
  4. "No title". Lifeinkorea.com. Retrieved 2012-09-03.
  5. 日本文化いろは事典 (Iroha Japanese Culture Encyclopedia) "Rice cake". Iroha-japan.net. Retrieved 2012-09-03. Japanese
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