Revolutionary Communist Party of Britain (Marxist–Leninist)
John Buckle Centre,|
170 Wandsworth Road,
London SW8 2LA
Workers Daily [online]|
Workers Weekly [online]
The Revolutionary Communist Party of Britain (Marxist–Leninist) (RCPB-ML) is a British communist political party. It was named the Communist Party of England (Marxist-Leninist) from March 1972, until it was reorganised in 1979 after rejecting Maoism as revisionist and embracing the former communist regime in Albania instead. The party's thinking is based on the politics of Hardial Bains, who died in 1997. Born in India, Bains travelled the world founding anti-revisionist communist parties.
Like other Bains-inspired parties, the then CPE(ML) took the Chinese side in the Sino-Soviet split, thus being endorsed by Albania, then allied with Maoist China, and opposing both the capitalist West and the Soviet bloc. As a result, it supported the Three Worlds Theory promoted by Beijing and, as a consequence of this anti-Soviet line, supported British membership of NATO. However, during the deterioration in Sino-Albanian relations, it increasingly sided with the Party of Labour of Albania. It developed party to party relations with the Party of Labour of Albania and renounced Maoism.
In 1973 the CPE(ML) put forward 2 candidates in parliamentary by-elections, and in 1974 stood in 6 constituencies in the February general election and 8 seats in the October general election. Their highest recorded vote was 612 (1.2%) in Portsmouth South during the second 1974 general election. RCPBML official Roger Nettleship has stood in several recent elections, including Jarrow in 2005 and South Shields in 2001 and 2010.
It is a small party, is closely related to the Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) and has good relations with the New Communist Party of Britain. It produces an internet newspaper called Workers' Daily Internet Edition (WDIE), and has a bookshop in south London named John Buckle Books (named after the RCPB(ML) founding general secretary). It is active in promoting solidarity with North Korea. In 2004, the party declared electoral support for the Respect Coalition, but RCPB(ML) calls for an end to the system that brings parties to power and calls on workers' and peoples' collectives to intervene directly in the political process. The party therefore supports candidates of the alternative to the political system of the bourgeoisie. The party has a system of collective leadership; its current National Spokesperson is Chris Coleman.
The party had links with the progressive music milieu in the 1970s, avant-garde composers such as Cornelius Cardew and Michael Chant having been leading members. The party's logo is a black hammer and sickle within a yellow star on a red background.
|Manchester Exchange by-election, 1973||Pushkin, RuthRuth Pushkin||109||1.1||4|
|Hove by-election, 1973||Reakes, CaroleCarole Reakes||128||0.3||5|
February 1974 UK general election
|Battersea North||Reakes, CaroleCarole Reakes||208||0.7||4|
|Birmingham Handsworth||Thompson, S.S. Thompson||334||1.0||4|
|Brighton Kemptown||Buckle, JohnJohn Buckle||170||0.3||4|
|Lambeth Central||Brome, Ekins DentonEkins Denton Brome||107||0.4||5|
|Manchester Moss Side||Pushkin, RuthRuth Pushkin||206||0.6||4|
|Portsmouth South||Rifkin, A. D.A. D. Rifkin||394||0.7||4|
October 1974 UK general election
|Battersea North||Reakes, CaroleCarole Reakes||102||0.4||5|
|Birmingham Handsworth||Hutchinson, J. L.J. L. Hutchinson||103||0.3||5|
|Brighton Kemptown||Buckle, JohnJohn Buckle||125||0.3||5|
|Bristol South East||Rowe, P.P. Rowe||79||0.1||6|
|Cardiff South East||Harris, B. C. D.B. C. D. Harris||75||0.2||5|
|Lambeth Central||Bratton, Peter JohnPeter John Bratton||88||0.3||5|
|Leicester South||Rousseau, G. H.G. H. Rousseau||136||0.3||5|
|Portsmouth South||Rifkin, A. D.A. D. Rifkin||612||1.2||4|
|Ilford North by-election, 1978||Rowe, CaroleCarole Rowe||89||0.2||6|
|Lambeth Central by-election, 1978||Munro, StuartStuart Munro||38||0.2||10|
Rowe stood as "East London Peoples Front", and Munro stood as "South London Peoples Front".
- David Boothroyd The History of British Political Parties, London: Politicos, 2001, p.244
- "Workers Daily Internet Edition Year 2005 No. 43". rcpbml.org.uk.
- "Workers Daily Internet Edition Year 2010 No. 21". rcpbml.org.uk.
- http://www.rcpbml.org.uk/jbbooks.htm John Buckle Books
- Richard Gott, "Liberation Music" .A review of Cornelius Cardew: A Life Unfinished by John Tilbury, London Review of Books, 15 March 2009.
- "Leader". rcpbml.org.uk.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1975). Minor Parties in British By-elections, 1885-1974. London: Macmillan Press. p. 17.