Republic of Singapore Air Force

Republic of Singapore Air Force
Angkatan Udara Republik Singapura  (Malay)
新加坡空军部队 (Chinese)
சிங்கப்பூர் ஆகாயப்படை (Tamil)

The Republic of Singapore Air Force's crest
Founded 1 April 1975 (1975-04-01)
Country  Singapore
Type Air force
Role Air supremacy, aerial defence, aerial warfare
Size 13,500 personnel, 276 aircraft
Part of Singapore Armed Forces
Nickname(s) "RSAF"
Engagements Iraq War, War in Afghanistan,[1] Combined Task Force 151
Chief of Air Force Major General Mervyn Tan Wei Ming
Bey Soo Khiang
Ng Chee Khern
Ng Chee Meng
Hoo Cher Mou
Former flag (19771993)
Aircraft flown
Attack F-15SG, AH-64D
Fighter F-16C/D, F-15SG, F-5
Interceptor F-5S/T
Patrol E-2C, G550 AEW&C, Fokker 50 ME2
Reconnaissance RF-5S
Trainer M346, PC-21, TA-4SU, EC120
Transport KC-130B & C-130H, Fokker 50 UTL, KC-135R, CH-47D/SD, Super Puma

The Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF) is the air arm of the Singapore Armed Forces. It was first established in 1968 as the Singapore Air Defence Command (SADC). In 1975, it was renamed the Republic of Singapore Air Force.[2]


Former Singaporean air force ensign, used from 1968 to 1973.
Former Singaporean air force ensign, used from 1973 to 1990.

In January 1968, the British announced the imminent withdrawal of all their troops east of Suez by the end of 1971. Prior to then, Singapore had depended completely on Britain's Royal Air Force (RAF) for its air defence, while the newly established Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) had concentrated its efforts mainly on building up the Singapore Army.

1968–1973: 1st generation RAF styled roundel (similar to Peruvian and Turkish Air Force roundels)
1973–1990: 2nd generation yin-yang styled roundel
Comparison of older RSAF roundels

The predecessor to the RSAF, the SADC, was formed in September 1968. The SADC's immediate task was to set up the Flying Training School to train pilots. Qualified flying instructors were obtained through Airwork Services Limited, a UK-based company specialising in defence services. Basic training for pilots was carried out using two Cessna light aircraft hired from the Singapore Flying Club. The SADC also enlisted the help of the Royal Air Force which introduced the first flying training syllabus and provided two ex-RAF pilots as instructors, as well as facilities and services at Seletar Airport. Finally, the first batch of six pilot trainees were sent to the United Kingdom in August 1968 to undergo training in various technical disciplines. The training was based on the Hawker Hunter, the SADC's first air defence fighter. The following month, another pioneer group of technicians, this time from the rotary wing, were sent to France to begin their technical training on the Aérospatiale Alouette III helicopter. In 1969, a number of local RAF technicians were released to join the fledging SADC. These local technicians (local other ranks) had experience working on fixed-wing RAF aircraft such as the Hawker Hunter, Gloster Javelin, English Electric Canberra, English Electric Lightning and Avro Shackleton;[3] as well as rotary-wing RAF aircraft such as the Bristol Belvedere, Westland Wessex and Westland Whirlwind.[3]

Eight Cessna 172K aircraft – the SADC's first – arrived in May 1969 to be used for basic pilot training.[4] By December, the first batch of students completed the course. Of these, six were sent to the UK to receive further training. On their return to Singapore in 1970, they were ready to operate the then newly acquired Hawker Hunter fighter aircraft.

The pace of training pilots and ground crew picked up gradually. On 1 August 1969, Minister for the Interior and Defence, Lim Kim San, inaugurated the Flying Training School (FTS) at Tengah Air Base (then known as RAF Tengah). The inauguration of FTS brought SADC closer to its goal of fulfilling the heavy responsibility of defending Singapore's airspace.

The subsequent arrival of the BAC Strikemasters in 1969, used for advanced phase flying training, meant that pilot trainees were now able to earn their initial wings locally rather than overseas. The first batch of locally trained fighter pilots were trained at the FTS and graduated in November 1970. Amongst this batch was 2LT Goh Yong Siang, who later rose to the appointment of Chief of Air Force on 1 July 1995. Gradually, the SADC had its own pilots, flying instructors, air traffic controllers, and ground crew.

When Britain brought forward its plan to withdraw its forces by September 1971, the SADC was suddenly entrusted with a huge responsibility and resources. Britain's former air bases – Tengah, Seletar, Sembawang and Changi – were handed over to the SADC, as well as its air defence radar station and Bloodhound II surface-to-air missiles.

In 1973, the SADC procured Shorts Skyvan search-and-locate aircraft and Douglas A-4 Skyhawk fighter-bombers. With a reliable mix of fighters, fighter-bombers, helicopters and transport aircraft, the SADC was ready to assume the functions of a full-fledged air force. On 1 April 1975, the SADC was renamed the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF).[2]

One of its first commanders was LTC Ee Tean Chye.[5][6]

Wars involving Singapore Air Force:


The RSAF is led by the Chief of the Air Force (CAF). The current CAF is Major General Mervyn Tan Wei Ming.[7] The CAF reports directly to the Chief of Defence Force and is assisted by the Chief of Staff (Air Staff), Brigadier General (BG) Lim Tuang Liang.[8] The Air Force Command Chief is Military Expert 6 (ME6) M. A. Pathi.[9] The Air Staff comprises six functional departments: Air Manpower, Air Intelligence, Air Operations, Air Engineering and Logistics, Air Plans and Air Training. There are also two specialist departments: the Air Force Inspectorate (AFI) and the Office of the Chief Air Force Medical Officer (CAMO).[8]

List of chiefs

Years in Office Name
2016–present Mervyn Tan Wei Ming
2013–16 Hoo Cher Mou
2009–13 Ng Chee Meng
2006–9 Ng Chee Khern
2001–6 Lim Kim Choon
1998–2001 Raymund Ng Teck Heng
Unknown–1998 Goh Yong Siang

On 5 January 2007, Defence minister Teo Chee Hean announced that the Air Force organisation chart will be re-structured into five major commands, namely the Air Defence and Operations Command (ADOC), the Air Combat Command (ACC), the Participation Command (PC), the Air Power Generation Command (APGC) and the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Command (UC). The first to be inaugurated was ADOC, along the restructuring announcement.[10]

ADOC is the principal agency in charge of planning and executing peacetime operations and air defence. ADOC is also responsible for the development and operational readiness of the command and control and ground-based air defence units of the RSAF. ADOC comprises Air Surveillance Control Group (ASCG), National Air Defence Group (ADG) and Air Operations Control Group (AOCG).[11]

UAV Command was the second command to be inaugurated and become operational in May 2007.[12] The main structures under UC are Operations & System Development Group (OSDG), headed by the Deputy Commander of UC and Squadrons and UAV Training School (UTS).

The next command to be inaugurated was PC in January 2008. Participation Command comprises the Operations Development Group (ODG), the Helicopter Group (HeliG), the Tactical Air Support Group (TASG), and the Divisional Air Defence Group (DAG).[13]

The last two commands, ACC and APGC, were inaugurated together in August 2008 in conjunction with the RSAF 40th Anniversary. The ACC will bring together fighter and transport squadrons under one command, with central planning, control and execution of the air battle in operations. The APGC will enhance the missions of the ACC by ensuring that all air bases remain operational at all times, as well as improving the servicing and turn-around of aircraft to ensure continuous and responsive operations.

The ACC is responsible for the planning, control and execution of the air battle in operations. It brings together all fighter and transport squadrons that will carry out these tasks under a single command which will be responsible for training the pilots and aircrew to think and operate in a fully integrated way. The ACC consists of the Integrated System Development Group (ISDG), Operations Development Group (ODG), Fighter Group (FG) and Transport Group (TG).

The APGC is set up to enable the RSAF to generate and sustain effective, timely and robust air power to meet the operational needs of the SAF. With the APGC, higher operational efficiency within each RSAF Air Base, and secondly, greater integration across the four bases are achieved. The APGC consists of the Operations Development Group (ODG) and four air bases: Changi Air Base, Paya Lebar Air Base, Sembawang Air Base and Tengah Air Base. The four support squadrons still remain organic to each Base but are under direct command of APGC. These four squadrons are: Airfield Maintenance Squadron (AMS), Ground Logistics Squadron (GLS), Field Defence Squadron (FDS) and Flying Support Squadron (FSS).

The Air Force Training Command (AFTC) is an amalgamation of the former Air Force School, Flying Training School and UAV Training school which facilitates training of future pilots and ground crew of the RSAF. The training schools and squadrons under AFTC consist of the Flying Training Institute, Air Warfare Training Institute, and Air Engineering Training Institute.


Republic of Singapore Air Force

List of RSAF Squadrons
List of RSAF aircraft
Changi Air Base (East, West)
Paya Lebar Air Base
Sembawang Air Base
Tengah Air Base
Singapore Armed Forces ranks

The backbone of the RSAF is formed by the Block 52/52+ F-16 Fighting Falcons. These are armed with US-supplied AIM-120C AMRAAM missiles and LANTIRN targeting pods, laser guided munitions and conformal fuel tanks for long-range strike.

While Singapore initially bought as many as 70 F-16 planes, on 18 November 2004, it was announced that the RSAF would offer its remaining 7 F-16A/B's to the Royal Thai Air Force. It is believed that these early Block 15OCU aircraft were upgraded to "Falcon One" standard by ST Aerospace before the transfer and delivered in late 2005. In return, the RSAF was permitted to train at the Udon Royal Thai Air Force Base in north-east Thailand for a specified number of days each year. This would mean that the RSAF will operate only the Block 52/52+ model, as many as 62 F-16CJ/DJ planes.

Due to severe airspace constraints within Singapore, the RSAF operates its aircraft at several overseas locations to provide greater exposure to its pilots. With the F-16C/D Fighting Falcons, KC-135R Stratotankers, AH-64D Apaches and CH-47SD Chinook helicopters based in the United States, the Marchetti S-211s, PC-21s, and Super Puma helicopters in Australia, and the TA-4SU Super Skyhawks in France, almost one third of the force's inventory is based outside Singapore.

In 1994, the RSAF commenced a modernisation program for its fleet of approximately 49 operational (R)F-5E and F-5F aircraft. The upgrade was performed by Singapore Technologies Aerospace (STAero) and the upgraded aircraft were designated (R)F-5S and F-5T respectively, operating from Paya Lebar Air Base. These upgraded F-5S/T, equipped with the Galileo Avionica's FIAR Grifo-F X-band Radar[14][15][16] are thought to be capable of firing the AIM-120 AMRAAM missile but to date, no actual live-firing has actually been reported. For in-flight refuelling, four KC-135Rs and four KC-130Bs are commissioned to support the fighter force of F-16C/Ds and (R)F-5S/Ts.

Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) capability was introduced in 1987 when four E-2C Hawkeyes were delivered to 111 Squadron. The duty of Maritime Patrol and Coastal surveillance is performed by the five Fokker 50 MPA (entered service in 1991) of 121 Squadron, which can be armed with long-range anti-shipping AGM-84 Harpoon missiles and ASW torpedoes.

As part of its fleet renewal process, the RSAF officially withdrew its fleet of ST Aerospace A-4SU Super Skyhawk from front-line service on 31 March 2005 after 31 years of operations. The A-4SUs' achievements included flying directly from Singapore to the Philippines, incorporating the RSAF's first air-to-air refuelling mission in 1986, as well as the excellent aerobatic display of the 'red and white' Super Skyhawks flown by the RSAF Black Knights during Asian Aerospace 1990.[17] A month before its retirement, the Skyhawk squadron won top honours in a strike exercise against its more modern F-16 and F-5 counterparts.

Singapore ordered a total of twenty AH-64D Apache Longbow attack helicopters in two batches. After a long period of negotiations over the delivery of the sophisticated Longbow Fire-control radar, the first batch of eight aircraft, fitted with the Fire Control Radar, was delivered on 17 May 2002.[18] The second batch of 12 Apaches were ordered in 2001 even before the first delivery took place.[19] All of the initial eight Apaches are based in the United States. Three of the Apache Longbows returned in January 2006 at the request of the Minister of Defence.

Apart from the six CH-47SDs delivered from 1996, a new batch of six aircraft was ordered in 1997, with an option of four extra airframes. At least 12 CH-47SD have been delivered and are in service at Sembawang Air Base. It is believed that these had been upgraded to the SD standard prior to delivery.

Eight CH-47SDs were also deployed to support the relief efforts in the aftermath of the Indonesian Tsunami. It was the first and one of the few countries to reach the affected areas. The RSAF deployed dozens of C-130Hs, CH-47SDs and AS 332Ms there along with three of the RSN's latest Landing Ship Tanks (RSS Endurance, RSS Persistence and RSS Endeavour of the Endurance class LST) as well as Singapore Armed Forces vehicles, engineers, and medical teams.

In September 2005, the RSAF sent three CH-47SD Chinook helicopters, later augmented by a fourth CH-47SD Chinook, to provide assistance in the rescue and evacuation of stranded civilians after Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans and nearby areas in the United States.[20] The humanitarian effort by Singapore involved more aircraft than any other foreign countries.[21]

Since 2003, the RSAF has also made deployments of KC-135 tankers and C-130 aircraft to the Persian Gulf in support of the multinational efforts for the reconstruction of Iraq. RSAF personnel have carried out airlift, transportation and supply, and air-to-air refuelling missions in support of the multinational forces, assisting the Coalition in carrying supplies and personnel, transporting humanitarian material and conducting medical evacuation operations.[22][23] In September 2013, Defence Minister Ng Eng Hen stated in a parliamentary reply that Singapore would soon acquire the Aster 30 land-based missile system.[24]

Air bases

An F-5S of 144 Sqn preparing for take-off.
An F-16C of 140 Sqn scrambling.
Demonstration of a M-113A2 Ultra Mechanised Igla IFU on deployment, visible in the background is an I-HAWK SAM launcher.
Exercise Forging Sabre 2009, an RSAF's IAI Searcher II UAV parked inside the hangar of Henry Post Army Airfield, United States.


Military ranks in the Singapore Armed Forces are identical across the three services except for the flag ranks of the RSN. They are based on the Army model. The official table of ranks stops at three stars for all three services.[26] NATO rank codes are not officially used, but are listed here for easy comparison with other armed forces.

Like the Navy, the majority of Air Force personnel are regulars. This is due to the specialised and technical nature of many jobs. The employment of National Servicemen in various roles are limited mostly to the infantry-like Field Defence Squadrons which do not require such specialised training.

Overseas detachments (Training)

2004, TA-4SU (933) on the flightline of Cazaux Air Base
6 June 2010, a pair of A-4SU Super Skyhawks (serials 938 & 909) on static display during an air show at the Istres Air Base
Super Skyhawks in France
The RSAF Flying Training School at RAAF Base Pearce


The F-15SG Strike Eagle is a variant of the F-15E Strike Eagle and is similar in configuration to the F-15K sold to South Korea, but differs in the addition of the APG-63(V)3 active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar developed by Raytheon. The F-15SG will be powered by two General Electric F110-GE-129 29,400 lbf (131 kN) thrust engines.

In February 2003, Singapore joined the JSF program's System Design and Development (SDD) Phase, as a Security Co-operation Participant (SCP).[35][36] The first deliveries of the F-35 are not expected before 2015, but replacement for some of the ST Aerospace A-4SU Super Skyhawks was needed by 2007. As a start, 20 F-16D Block 52+ have been delivered from 2003 under project Peace Carvin IV.The initial order is for 12 aircraft with 8 options. Eventually, as many as 40 to 60 aircraft may be procured in several batches. Pending news on Lockheed Martin's F-35 Lightning II's progress, it is speculated that more F-15SGs may be bought, with the upper limit, as disclosed by the RSAF, being 80 F-15SG aircraft in total. On 22 October 2007, Singapore's Ministry of Defence (MINDEF) exercised the option to purchase eight more F-15SG fighters as part of the original contract signed in 2005. Along with this buy, an additional order for four F-15SGs was made, bringing the total number of F-15SGs purchased to 24.

The RSAF embarked on its Next Generation Fighter (NGF) programme to replace the ageing A-4SU Super Skyhawks. The original list of competitors was shortlisted to the final two – Dassault Rafale and the F-15SG Strike Eagle. The DSTA (Defense Science & Technology Agency) conducted detailed technical assessment, simulations and other tests to assess the final selection. On 6 September 2005, it was announced that the Boeing F-15SG Strike Eagle had won the contract over the Rafale.[37]

A Singapore Peace Triton S-70B being guided by a member of the RSN on the flight line of Naval Air Station North Island

In January 2005, it was announced that 6 Sikorsky S-70B (derivative of SH-60 Seahawk) naval helicopters will be purchased, complete with anti-surface and anti-submarine weapons and sensors.[38] These will be operated by RSAF pilots, with System Specialists of the Republic of Singapore Navy operating the sensors and weaponry. They will operate from the Navy's new Formidable class frigates, and when operating from land will be based at Sembawang Air Base. All 20 AH-64D Longbow attack helicopters have been delivered, achieving pilot IOC. 12 of these Longbow Apaches were deployed back to Singapore and took part in combined arms exercises with the Army.

In April 2007, it was announced that the 4 E-2C Hawkeyes were to be replaced with 4 Gulfstream G550s which would become the primary airborne early warning aircraft for the RSAF.[39][40] Not included in the deal is an additional G550 as an AEW trainer, which will be acquired and maintained by ST Aerospace on behalf of RSAF.[41]

An RSAF C-130 Hercules over Darwin International Airport

In July 2010, the Alenia Aermacchi M-346 Master was selected by the RSAF to replace the A-4SU Super Skyhawks in the Advanced Jet Training (AJT) role, currently based at BA 120 Cazaux Air Base in France.[42][43] And in a press release by the Singaporean Ministry of Defence on 28 September 2008, ST Aerospace had been awarded the contract to acquire twelve M-346 and a ground based training system on behalf of RSAF. As stipulated in the contract, ST Aerospace will act as the main contractor to maintain the aircraft after delivery by Alenia Aermacchi while Boeing would supply the training system. Delivery date is scheduled from 2012 onwards.[44][45][46]

The backbone of the transport fleet are the four KC-130B, one KC-130H and five C-130H Hercules transport aircraft, which are expected to remain in service through 2030, will be undergoing an extensive modernisation process to bring all ten existing airframe to the same common standard. The first airframe, a KC-130B, was returned to frontline service on 21 September 2010. ST Aerospace, the main contractor behind the project, is expected to upgrade the other nine airframes for the RSAF within the next seven years. Included in the package is the replacement of cockpit flight management system with a modern glass cockpit avionics suite, central engine displays to replace analogue gauges, improved voice communications, digital autopilot, flight director as well as a digital weather radar, which will make the aircraft Global Air Traffic Management-compliant. Also, the C-130Bs will receive an auxiliary power unit and environmental control system in common with the C-130Hs. Once the upgrade is completed, this will effectively give the RSAF five refueller KC-130Hs and five Cargo C-130Hs.[47][48]

In December 2010, the RSAF issued a letter of request to inspect stored ex-US Navy P-3C Orion aircraft that have been retired from active duty. Lockheed Martin believes the RSAF has a requirement of 4 to 5 of these aircraft, which would be modernised extensively before reintroduction into active service.[49]




RSAF F-15SG at Darwin International Airport, 2011.
RSAF KC-135R at Avalon Airport, 2001.
RSAF AS532UL Cougar at Avalon Airport, 2009.
Type Origin Role Variant In service Notes
Combat Aircraft
Northrop F-5 United States fighter F-5S 30[50]
Boeing F-15E United States multirole F-15SG 40[50] As of Jan 2015
F-16 Fighting Falcon United States multirole F-16C/D+ 62[50]
Gulfstream G550 United States early warning and control G550 AEW 4[51]
Maritime Patrol
Fokker 50 Netherlands maritime patrol 5[51]
KC-130 United States aerial refueling / transport KC-130B/H 5[51]
Boeing KC-135 United States aerial refueling / transport KC-135R 4[51]
Airbus A330 France aerial refueling / transport KC-30A 6 on order[52]
C-130 Hercules United States transport C-130H 6[51]
Fokker 50 Netherlands transport 4[51]
AH-64 United States attack AH-64D 20[50]
Boeing CH-47 United States transport / utility CH-47SD 24[51]
Sikorsky SH-60 United States ASW / SAR S-70B 6[50] 12 on order[51]
Eurocopter AS332 France utility / transport 46[51]
Trainer Aircraft
Northrop F-5 United States conversion trainer F-5T 9[51]
Alenia M-346 Italy primary trainer 12[51]
Pilatus PC-21 Switzerland trainer 19[51]
Eurocopter EC120 France trainer 4[51]


Fixed-wing aircraft
A retired 140 Sqn Hawker Hunter FGA.74S – serial number 527 (ex-RAF XF458), parked outside the RSAF Museum. Note also the number of hardpoints and the ADEN gun ports which had been faired over to protect this museum piece against the weather.
Rotary-wing aircraft
A retired 120 Sqn Alouette III (SA316B) on static display at the RSAF Museum



A fully bombed-up F-16D+ of 145 Sqn on static display during RSAF Open House 2008
Rear view of the same aircraft
1988, a GIRAFFE S 3D radar on display at Paya Lebar Air Base
Type Country of Origin Role Quantity Program
Air-to-Air Missiles
AIM-9J/P/S Sidewinder  United States SRAAM 4000/264/96[55] AIM-9S: Peace Carvin II
AIM-9X Sidewinder  United States SRAAM 2000[55] Peace Carvin V
AIM-120C5/C7 AMRAAM  United States BVRAAM 2500[55] Peace Carvin V
AIM-7M Sparrow  United States MRAAM 7000[55] Peace Carvin II
Python-4  Israel AAM 6000[55]
Air-to-Surface Missiles/Rockets/Bombs
GBU-10/GBU-12/GBU-16 Paveway II  United States Laser-Guided Bomb 2800/5600/?[55] Peace Carvin IV
GBU-31(V)1/B JDAM  United States GPS/INS Guided Bomb 10000
GBU-38/B JDAM  United States GPS/INS Guided Bomb 5000[55] Peace Carvin V
GBU-54/B JDAM  United States GPS/INS/Laser-Guided Bomb 6700
AGM-65B/D/G Maverick  United States Air-to-Ground Missile 2480[55]
BGM-71C Improved TOW (ITOW)  United States Air-to-Ground Missile 2000[55]
AGM-114L Longbow Hellfire  United States Air-to-Ground Missile 1920[55] Peace Vanguard ballistic missile 3170 peacemaker AGM-154A-1/C JSOW  United States Air-to-Ground Missile 6000[55] Peace Carvin V
AGM-84 Harpoon  United States Anti-Ship Missile 4400[55]
Hydra 70 (APKWS)  United States 70mm Rocket 9,120 Peace Vanguard
SNEB  France 68mm Rocket ?
Mk 82/Mk 83/Mk 84  United States (500/1000/2000 pound) General Purpose Bombs ?
Surface-to-Air Missiles/Air Defense Artillery/Radar
MIM-23B I-Hawk  United States SAM 1200 launchers + 150000 missiles[55]
Mistral  France SAM – MANPADS 50000 missiles[55]
Rapier Mk II  United Kingdom SAM 1200 launchers + 5000 missiles[55]
9K38 Igla[63]  Russia SAM – MANPADS 30 launchers + 4400 missiles[55]
Mechanised Igla[64]  Singapore Mobile SAM (SHORAD) 3000
RBS 70  Sweden SAM – MANPADS 250 launchers + 50000 missiles[55]
Cadillac Gage V-200 RBS 70  Singapore Mobile SAM (SHORAD) 2500
Rafael SPYDER[65]  Israel Mobile SAM (SHORAD) 12 launchers + 7500× Python-5 / 75× Derby missiles[55]
Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon   Switzerland AA Gun 3400× GDF-001 + 2400× GDF-002[55]
Lockheed Martin AN/FPS-117[66]  United States Phased array 3-D Air Search Radar 1[55]
Lockheed Martin P-STAR[66]  United States Portable Search & Target Acquisition Radar ?
Ericsson GIRAFFE-S / GIRAFFE-AMB)[67]  Sweden Mobile Air Defense Radar 4/2[55]




RSAF Black Knights

Main article: RSAF Black Knights
Wikimedia Commons has media related to RSAF Black Knights.

First formed in 1973 at Tengah Air Base, the Black Knights is RSAF's official aerobatic team and has been performing on an ad-hoc basis since its inception, with volunteer pilots drawn from various front line squadrons within the RSAF. The aerobatics team has performed on events including the recent Singapore Airshow 2014.[17]

RSAF Museum

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Republic of Singapore Air Force Museum.
The RSAF Museum

The RSAF maintains the Air Force Museum, which was first located at Changi Air Base before it was relocated to a purpose-built building currently situated along Airport Road adjacent to Paya Lebar Air Base. The museum is open to the public and showcases the air force's history and capabilities.

ITE College Central

The Republic of Singapore Air Force has donated several aircraft, and aircraft parts to the Institute of Technical Education (ITE) College Central. Mainly the SIAI-Marchetti S211.

Fictional Television programs

See also


  1. As part of NATO-led ISAF
  2. 1 2 "History of RSAF: OUR EARLY DAYS". Wings on High: 35 Years of the Republic of Singapore Air Force. Ministry of Defence (Singapore) (MINDEF). 9 July 2010 [2003]. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  3. 1 2 Jefford 2001, pp. 48–49.
  4. "Arrival of Cessna 172K – A Boost to our Fledgling Air Force". MINDEF. 7 May 2004. Retrieved 25 September 2008.
  5. "VIP send-off for Gen Bulsak". The Straits Times. Singapore Press Holdings. 23 January 1973. p. 5. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  6. "Mr. Lee hosts Istana dinner". The Straits Times. Singapore Press Holdings. 11 February 1972. p. 12. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  7. "RSAF welcomes new Chief of Air Force". Channel NewsAsia. 28 March 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  8. 1 2 "Singapore Government directory: Air Force HQ". Government of Singapore. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
  9. "SAF Leadership". MINDEF. Retrieved 21 Oct 2015.
  12. "Inauguration of the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Command" (Press release). MINDEF. 24 July 2009 [25 May 2007]. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  13. "RSAF Inaugurates Participation Command" (Press release). MINDEF. 28 May 2008 [4 January 2008]. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  14. "Assets: Fighter aircraft" (Press release). MINDEF. 24 April 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  15. Mike Yeo (March 2011). "Tigers over Lion City". Air Forces Monthly. No. 275. London: Key Publishing. pp. 86–91. ISSN 0955-7091.
  16. "Brazil favours Grifo F radar for F-5BR upgrade: "The air force has test flown the Singapore air force's upgraded version of the F-5S/T, fitted with the Grifo F radar."". London: Reed Business Information. 11 April 2000. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  17. 1 2 "RSAF Black Knights 2008: History". MINDEF. 24 April 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  18. "Singapore Receives First AH-64D Apache Longbow Attack Helicopter" (Press release). MINDEF. 26 June 2006 [18 May 2002]. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  19. "Singapore to Purchase 12 Additional Boeing AH-64D Apache Longbows" (Press release). Boeing. 23 August 2001. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  20. Jane A. Morse (8 September 2005). "Asia-Pacific Opens Hearts, Wallets to U.S. Victims of Katrina". The Washington File. United States Department of State. Archived from the original on 8 September 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  21. "Hurricane Katrina: International helicopters Response". Helicopter History Site. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  22. "SAF KC-135 Deployment to Aid in the Reconstruction of Iraq" (Press release). MINDEF. 15 June 2005 [9 June 2004]. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  23. "SAF Deploys LST and C-130 to Assist in Reconstruction of Iraq" (Press release). MINDEF. 4 July 2008 [27 October 2003]. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  26. "About us: Ranks". MINDEF. 2011. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  27. "Cazaux Airshow / Spotters Day 2005 Review: "Situated South West of Bordeaux is station BA120 Cazaux"". 12 June 2005. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  28. Adam Baddeley (February 2011). "The RSAF Inaugurates the M-346 into 150 Squadron". Asian Military Review. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
  29. "RSAF Celebrates 10 Years of Chinook Training in the US" (Press release). MINDEF. 20 June 2005 [23 April 2005]. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  30. Patsy Robertson (29 May 2009). "Fact Sheets: 425 Fighter Squadron (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency (AFHRA). United States Air Force (USAF). Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  31. Patsy Robertson (29 May 2009). "Fact Sheets: 428 Fighter Squadron (ACC)". AFHRA. USAF. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  32. "Opening Ceremony of the RSAF Helicopter Detachment in Oakey, Australia" (Press release). MINDEF. 14 June 2005 [20 August 1999]. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  33. "Australia-Singapore Defence Relationship" (Press release). MINDEF. 26 June 2005 [17 October 1996]. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  34. "Minister for Defence Visits the US" (Press release). MINDEF. 15 June 2005 [8 May 2004]. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  35. "Singapore Signs Letter of Intent for Joint Strike Fighter Programme" (Press release). MINDEF. 17 March 2006 [22 February 2003]. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  36. "Singapore Joins Joint Strike Fighter Programme" (Press release). MINDEF. 4 June 2010 [16 March 2004]. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
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