Raymond L. Garthoff

United States Ambassador to Bulgaria
In office
July 29, 1977  October 9, 1979
President Jimmy Carter
Preceded by Martin F. Herz
Succeeded by Jack Richard Perry
Personal details
Born 1929 (age 8687)
Profession Diplomat, Career Ambassador

Raymond Leonard "Ray" Garthoff (born 1929) is a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, a specialist on arms control, intelligence, the Cold War, NATO, and the former Soviet Union. He is a former U.S. Ambassador to Bulgaria, and has advised the U.S. State Department on treaties.


In 1948, he received his B.A. from Princeton University. In 1949, he received his M.A. from Yale. From 1950 to 1957, he was a Soviet analyst for RAND Corporation. In 1951, he received his PhD from Yale. From 1957 to 1961, he was a CIA Office of National Estimates (ONE) analyst. In the early 1960s, he was a special assistant in the State Department. In the 1970s, he was a senior Foreign Service inspector. From 1980 to 1994, he was a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution.[1][2] He is the author of numerous scholarly papers, books, and has been featured in PBS documentaries.

He is well known for his disagreement with Team B's and Richard Pipes's characterization of Soviet nuclear doctrine.[3]




External sources


  1. Brookings Institution Garthoff Bio Accessed Dec 15, 2007
  2. thinktank bio PBS bio Accessed Dec 15, 2007
  3. Foreign Affairs Misinterpreting the Cold War: The Hardliners Were Right Richard Pipes From Foreign Affairs, January/February 1995. Pipes attempt to rebut Garthoff's book. Accessed Dec. 15, 2007
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