Rail transport in Catalonia

Girona rail station
Trinitat Nova metro station

Rail transport in Catalonia operates on three rail gauges and services are operated by a variety of public operators:[1]

Transport authorities

Catalan transport authorities map.

Transport authorities are interadministrative voluntarily corporations responsible of coordinate a public transport system. Nowadays there are four transport authorities in Catalonia:

Rodalies Barcelona

Main article: Rodalies Barcelona
New Cornellà station entrance
112 FGC train stock

Rodalies Barcelona is the principal element of Barcelona metropolitan area transport and in some municipalities of Girona and Tarragona.

There are 15 lines (R1-R2-R3-R4-R7-R10-S1-S2-S5-S55-S1-S8-S33-R5-R6) operated by:

Mitjana distància

Lleida–La Pobla Line

0 Lleida Pirineus Mainline rail interchange

Segre River

Madrid–Barcelona HSR (Lleida branch)
Madrid–Barcelona railway

2 To Vilanoveta Junction
Pla de Vilanoveta
Lleida–Manresa–Barcelona railway
to L'Hospitalet de Llobregat
Autovía A-2

6.7 Alcoletge
11.8 Vilanova de la Barca

16.4 Térmens
22.2 Vallfogona de Balaguer

26.1 Balaguer
Segre River

30.3 Gerb
35.9 Sant Llorenç de Montgai

41.7 Vilanova de la Sal
Camarasa Reservoir

44.8 Santa Linya
55 Àger
63.4 Cellers-Llimiana
68.2 Guàrdia de Tremp
72.4 Palau de Noguera-Talarn

77 Tremp

84.2 Salàs de Pallars
89.8 La Pobla de Segur
Line 1 train between Calella and Sant Pol de Mar

Mitjana distància or Media distancia Renfe (in catalan or castilian) (also called Catalunya Exprés: Ca lines) there are 9 lines (Ca1-Ca2-Ca3-Ca4-Ca5-Ca6-Ca7-R43-L7). Those lines go all around of the four catalan provinces and some of them go to Zaragoza (Aragón) and Castelló de la Plana and València in País Valencià. Lines are operated by:

  1. ^ All Barcelona trains start in Estació de França, Sant Andreu Comtal or Barcelona Sants.
  2. ^ That line was traspassed to U.N. Rodalies and now is considered a Rodalies Barcelona line 3 enlargement.
  3. ^ That line was traspassed to FGC but is operated by Renfe Operadora.[5]

Llarga distància

Estrella train
Talgo 350 - AVE
Trenhotel Salvador Dalí
Euromed to València Nord station
Alaris to Silla (València).
Arco García Lorca to Alzira (València).

Llarga distància or Larga distancia (in catalan or castilian) are Renfe lines that used other Renfe lines, mitjana distància or Rodalies, and connect Catalonia with other Spanish towns or European cities. Some of them are high speed lines.[6]

Alta Velocidad Española

High speed lines are operated by Renfe in a commercial branch called Alta Velocidad Española (AVE). Those lines run in new standard gauge railways.

102-014 stock to Montblanc station

Railway gauge

Most of catalan railway gauge is broad gauge, as in the other parts of Spain, and the new railways are build in standard gauge for being able to connect with European railways. That's why there are some stations where trains can change the gauge. For the moment there are only two stations in Catalonia that have that machinery:

Metropolitan railways

Main article: Metro de Barcelona
Barcelona metro map

There are 11 metropolitan lines in Barcelona (L1-L2-L3-L4-L5-L6-L7-L8-L9-L10-L11) operated by:

Metro de Barcelona
Name Color Terminal Terminal Opened First
Operator Km Stations Time
L1 Red Hospital de Bellvitge Fondo 1926 1926 TMB 20'7 30 35 1674
L2 Purple Paral·lel Badalona Pompeu Fabra 1995 1959 TMB 13'5 17 24 1435
L3 Green Zona Universitària Trinitat Nova 1924 1924 TMB 18'5 26 36 1435
L4 Yellow Trinitat Nova La Pau 1973 1926 TMB 16'7 22 36 1435
L5 Blue Cornellà Centre Vall d'Hebron 1959 1959 TMB 16'6 23 37 1435
L6 Navy blue Plaça Catalunya Reina Elisenda 1929 18634 FGC 5'2 9 14 1435
L7 Brown Plaça Catalunya Avinguda Tibidabo 1954 18634 FGC 4'63 7 10 1435
L8 Pink Plaça Espanya Molí Nou-C.C. 2000 1912 FGC 12 11 21 1000
L9 Orange Terminal Sud Can Zam 2009-14 - TMB 47'8 39 (51) - 1435
L10 Light blue Gorg Polígon Pratenc 2009-14 - TMB - 32 - 1435
L11 Light green Trinitat Nova Can Cuiàs 2003 2003 TMB 2'1 5 6 1435


Nowadays there are 32 comarcas with some kind of service, 14 of those have Rodalies Barcelona and/or FGC services. There are comarcas that have medium-distance stations or long-distance and 9 comarcas without ferrocarril service.


  1. Trenscat, Catalan trains web (Catalan)
  2. Rodalies map
  3. Xarxa FGC
  4. Mitjana Distància Renfe map
  5. Ministeri de Foment. «Traspàs de la línia de la Pobla de Segur»."Nota del traspàs" (PDF). (55.2 KB) (Spanish)
  6. Llarga distància Renfe (Spanish)
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