Quarter Courts of Iceland

Quarter Courts
Established c. 965
Dissolved c. 1262
Country Iceland
Location Þingvellir
Type Lower courts
Appellate court Fifth Court
Number of positions 144
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The Quarter Courts (Icelandic: Fjórðungsdómur (singular), Fjórðungsdómar (plural)) were lower courts established in Iceland approximately in the year 965 during the period of the Icelandic Commonwealth. They were institutions of Althing, the nation's legislative and judicial authority. There was no executive power in the country at the time. The country was divided into quarters and each quarter had a court consisting of 36 judges.


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