Qianshan County is a county in Anhui Province, People's Republic of China under the jurisdiction of Anqing City. It has a population of 570,000 and an area of 1,686 square kilometres (651 sq mi). The government of Qianshan County is located in Meicheng Town. The well-known Wan Mountain, or Tianzhu Mountain, is located within the borders of the County
Qianshan County has jurisdiction over 11 towns and 19 townships.
- Meicheng (梅城镇), Huangni (黄泥镇), Yuantan (源潭镇), Qipan (棋盘镇), Wanghe (王河镇), 余井镇, Huangpu, Qianshan County (黄铺镇), Shuihou (水吼镇), Huangbai (黄柏镇), Guanzhuang (官庄镇), Chashui (槎水镇), Tianzhushan (天柱山镇)
- Youba Township (油坝乡), Gujing Township (古井乡), Pailou Township, Qianshan County (牌楼乡), Doumu Township (痘姆乡), Longtan Township, Qianshan County (龙潭乡), Dubu Township (杜埠乡), Lingtou Township (岭头乡), Qinglou Township (青楼乡), Hengzhong Township (横中乡), Wumiao Township (五庙乡), Sanmiao Township (三妙乡), Nishui Township (逆水乡), Penghe Township (彭河乡), Gedu Township (割肚乡), Longguan Township (龙关乡), Tafa Township (塔畈乡), Shuigui Township (水贵乡), Houchong Township (后冲乡)
Wanghe Town, hometown of Xuruoyu, is in the south of the county.
The Qian River with its noted River Beach flows through Qianshan county from north to south.