Provinces of South Korea

Revised Romanization do
McCune–Reischauer to
Autonomous district
Hangul 특별자치도
Hanja 特別自治道
Revised Romanization teukbyeol-jachido
McCune–Reischauer teukbyeol-chach’ido

Provinces are the first-level division within South Korea. There are 9 provinces in South Korea: North Chungcheong, South Chungcheong, Gangwon, Gyeonggi, North Gyeongsang, South Gyeongsang, Jeju, North Jeolla, South Jeolla.


Main article: Provinces of Korea

Although the details of local administration have changed dramatically over time, the basic outline of the current three-tiered system was implemented under the reign of Gojong in 1895. A similar system also remains in use in North Korea.


There are two types of provinces: provinces, special autonomous province. A province (, ) are the highest-ranked administrative divisions in South Korea. Provinces have equal status to the special cities.

A special autonomous province (특별자치도, 特別自治道) is a province with more autonomy over its economy and more powers are given to the provincial government. Jeju is the only special autonomous province.


Governors for these provinces are elected every four years. Current governors are listed at List of governors of South Korea.

List of provinces

NameHangulHanjaISO Population
(2011 est.)[1]
North Chungcheong충청북도忠清北道KR-43 1,588,6337,433[2] 213 CheongjuHoseoChungbuk충북忠北
South Chungcheong충청남도忠清南道KR-44 2,064,6658,204[3] 251 HongseongHoseoChungnam충남忠南
Gangwon강원도江原道KR-42 1,549,78020,569[4] 75 ChuncheonGwandongGangwon강원江原
Gyeonggi경기도京畿道KR-41 12,239,86210,171[5] 1,203 SuwonSudogwonGyeonggi경기京畿
North Gyeongsang경상북도慶尙北道KR-47 2,739,17919,030[6] 144 AndongYeongnamGyeongbuk경북慶北
South Gyeongsang경상남도慶尙南道KR-48 3,374,72510,532[7] 320 ChangwonYeongnamGyeongnam경남慶南
Jeju제주도濟州道KR-49 583,2841,849[8] 315 JejuJejuJeju제주濟州
North Jeolla전라북도全羅北道KR-45 1,895,8828,043236 JeonjuHonamJeonbuk전북全北
South Jeolla전라남도全羅南道KR-46 1,938,13611,858163 MuanHonamJeonnam전남全南

Claimed provinces

South Korea claims five provinces on the territory controlled by North Korea. These claimed provinces are managed by The Committee for the Five Northern Korean Provinces (Hangul: 이북5도위원회; Hanja: 以北五道委員會). These provinces are based on the divisions of Japanese era and are different from the present North Korean provinces.

NameHangulHanjaArea (km²)CapitalRegionAbbreviation
North Hamgyeong 함경북도咸鏡北道 20,345CheongjinGwanbukHambuk함북咸北
South Hamgyeong 함경남도咸鏡南道 31,977HamheungGwannamHamnam함남咸南
Hwanghae 황해도黃海道 16,744HaejuHaeseoHwanghae황해黃海
North Pyeongan 평안북도平安北道 28,443SinuijuGwanseoPyeongbuk평북平北
South Pyeongan 평안남도平安南道 14,944PyeongyangGwanseoPyeongnam평남平南

See also


  1. "South Korea Administrative Districts". Retrieved 2013-03-14.
  2. 충북면적 (in Korean). North Chungcheong Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  3. 일반현황 (in Korean). South Chungcheong Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  4. "Natural Environment". Gangwon Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  5. 위치와 자연환경 (in Korean). Gyeonggi Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  6. 경북현황 (in Korean). North Gyeongsang Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  7. 일반 현황 (in Korean). South Gyeongsang Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  8. "Geography". Jeju Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
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