European Union

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government
of the European Union

Pro-Europeanism in the context of the European Union (EU) and the process of European integration refers to a political orientation favourable of EU policy and the integration process.

As such it would be the antonym of Euroscepticism, referring to political attitudes sceptical of or opposed to European integration (and not the more generic term "Anti-Europeanism" which may refer to attitudes to transatlantic relations within US foreign policy).

Political parties in the EU member states

Outside the EU

See also


  1. "Austrian People's Party (ÖVP)". The Democratic Society. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  2. Ton Notermans (January 2001). Social Democracy and Monetary Union. Berghahn Books. p. 203. ISBN 978-1-57181-806-5.
  3. "Austria's Freedom Party sees vote rise". BBC News. 25 May 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  4. Nathaniel Copsey; Tim Haughton (2009). The JCMS Annual Review of the European Union in 2008. John Wiley & Sons. p. 56. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  5. Richard Davis Anderson (2001). "Postcommunism and the Theory of Democracy". Princeton University Press. p. 147. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  6. 1 2 3 Donatella M. Viola (2015). Routledge Handbook of European Elections. Routledge. p. 639. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  7. Claudia Hefftler; et al. (2015). The Palgrave Handbook of National Parliaments and the European Union. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 286]. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
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