Principality of Pereyaslavl
|Principality of Pereyaslavl|
|Переяславське князівство (Ukrainian)|
|Principality of Kievan Rus'|
Map of the Kievan Rus' with the Principality of Pereyaslavl in purple
|Languages|| Official language:|
Old East Slavic
|Religion|| Official religion:|
|Prince of Pereyaslavl|
|•||988–1010||Yaroslav I the Wise (first)|
|•||1206–1239||Vladimir IV Rurikovich (last)|
|Today part of|
Part of a series on the
|History of Ukraine|
The Principality of Pereyaslavl (Ukrainian: Переяславське князівство) was a regional principality of Kievan Rus' from the end of 9th century until 1323, based in the city of Pereyaslavl (now Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi) on the Trubizh River.
The Principality of Pereyaslavl was usually administrated by younger sons of the Grand Prince of Kiev. It stretched over the extensive territory from the left banks of the middle Dnieper river on the west to its eastern frontier that laid not far west from the Seversky Donets, where the legendary Cuman city of Sharuk(h)an was presumably situated.
The Russian Primary Chronicle dates the foundation of the city of Pereyaslavl' to 992; the archaeological evidence suggests it was founded not long after this date. In its early days Pereyaslavl' was one of the important cities in Kievan Rus' behind the Principality of Chernigov and Kiev. The city was located at a ford where Vladimir the Great fought a battle against the nomad Pechenegs.
The principality can be traced as a semi-independent dominion from the inheritance of the sons of Yaroslav the Wise, with Svyatoslav receiving Chernigov, Vsevolod getting Pereyaslavl, Smolensk going to Vyacheslav, and Vladimir-in-Volhynia going to Igor. The Primary Chronicle records that in 988 Vladimir assigned the northern lands (later associated with Pereyaslavl) to Yaroslav.
Pereyaslavl was destroyed by the Mongols in March 1239, the first Rus' city to fall in the Mongol invasion of Rus'.
- Prince of Pereyaslavl, for list of rulers
- Franklin, Simon; Shepard, Jonathan (1996), The Emergence of Rus, 750-1200, Longman History of Russia, London & New York: Longman, ISBN 0-582-49091-X
- Martin, Janet (1995), Medieval Russia, 970-1584, Cambridge Medieval Textbooks, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-36832-4