President of Afghanistan

President of the
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

د افغانستان د اسلامي جمهوریت رئیس

رئيس جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان

Mohammad Ashraf Ghani

since 29 September 2014
Style The Honourable (Formal)
His Excellency (Diplomatic)
Residence Presidential Citadel, Kabul, Afghanistan
Appointer Direct popular vote
Term length Five years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Mohammed Daoud Khan (Republic)
Hamid Karzai (Islamic Republic)
Formation July 17, 1973 (Republic)
December 7, 2004 (Islamic Republic)
Website Office of the President
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The President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is the head of state of Afghanistan.

Before the office of the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan was created in 2004, Afghanistan has been a republic between 1973 and 1992 and from 2001 onward. Before 1973, it was a monarchy. Between 1992 and 2001, during the civil war, the country was recognized as the Islamic State of Afghanistan and the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.


The Constitution of Afghanistan grants the president wide powers over military and legislative affairs, with a relatively weak national bicameral national assembly, the Wolesi Jirga (House of the People) and Meshrano Jirga (House of Elders). A president can only serve up to two five-year terms. Hamid Karzai started his first five-year term in 2004.[1] After his second term ended in 2014, Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai was chosen as the next president.

Latest election

Candidate Nominating party First round Second round (final result)
Votes % Votes %
Ashraf Ghani AhmadzaiIndependent2,084,54731.564,485,88856.44
Abdullah AbdullahNational Coalition2,972,14145.003,461,63943.56
Zalmai RassoulIndependent750,99711.37
Abdul Rasul SayyafIslamic Dawa465,2077.04
Qutbuddin HilalIndependent181,8272.75
Gul Agha SherzaiIndependent103,6361.57
Mohammad Daud SultanzoyIndependent30,6850.46
Hedayat Amin ArsalaIndependent15,5060.23
Invalid/blank votes
Registered votes/turnout
Source: IEC IEC

See also


  1. "Meshrano Jirga". Government of Afghanistan. Archived from the original on 2009-02-08. Retrieved 2009-07-15. The Meshrano Jirga of the National Assembly of Afghanistan consists of 102 members. Two-thirds were elected indirectly through Provincial Councils (one-third representing the Provincial Councils and one-third representing the District Councils) and one-third were appointed by the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
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