Politics of Saint Pierre and Miquelon

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Politics of Saint Pierre and Miquelon takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic French overseas collectivity, whereby the President of the Territorial Council is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government.

Executive branch

The head of state is President Francois Hollande of France as represented by Préfet (Prefect) Albert Dupuy (since 10 January 2005). The Prefect is essentially the Governor of the territory.

For more see Prefect of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon

Legislative branch

The Territorial Council of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon (French: Conseil territorial de Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon), which was known until February 22, 2007 as the General Council (Conseil général), has 19 members, elected for a three-year term in single seat constituencies. The council sits at the Territorial Council Building, a two storey, two tone aqua colour building on St. Pierre.

Municipal Governments

There are two levels of local government, Miquelon-Langlade and Saint-Pierre.

For more see Municipal governments in St. Pierre and Miquelon

Judicial Branch

The judiciary of the territory consists of the Superior Tribunal of Appeals (Tribunal Superieur d'Appel).

The court resides at the Palais de Justice or Courthouse and are located at Church Square in St. Pierre.


A list of departments of St. Pierre and Miquelon (some local branch of national departments):

Political parties and elections

For other political parties, see List of political parties in Saint-Pierre and Miquelon. An overview on elections and election results is included in Elections in Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.
 Summary of the March 2006 General Council of Saint Pierre and Miquelon election results
Votes % 1st round Seats
Archipelago Tomorrow (Archipel demain) 2,045 66.22 16
Road to the Future (Cap sur l'avenir) 939 30.41 2
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon Together (SPM ensemble) 104 3.37 1
Total   19
Source: Wikipedia

Boundary dispute

The boundaries of the 1992 EEZ resolution between Canada and France

See also: Canada–France Maritime Boundary Case

In 1992, a maritime boundary dispute with Canada over the delineation of the Exclusive Economic Zone belonging to France was settled by the International Court of Arbitration. In the decision, France kept the 12 nautical mile (NM) (22.2 km) territorial sea surrounding the islands and was given an additional 12 NM (22.2 km) contiguous zone as well as a 10.5 NM (19.4 km) wide corridor stretching 200 NM (370 km) south. The total area in the award was 18% of what France had requested.

The boundary dispute had been a flash point for Franco-Canadian relations. New claims made under UNCLOS by France over the continental shelf might cause new tensions between France and Canada.

International organization participation

Franc Zone, World Federation of Trade Unions

Political parties

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