- This article is about the OF-1b (OF-1 junior) rank Podporuchik (Army and Air Force). For the equivalent rank in NATO see Second lieutenant / Pilot officer, Ensign, Leutnant / Leutnant zur See.
Rank insignia (1855—1917)
|Rank insignia||RI Army | RI Navy|
|Rank group||Junior officers|
Podporuchik (Croatian: подporučnik, Czech: podpodporučík, Polish: podporucznik, Russian: подпору́чик, Bulgarian: подпоручик, Serbian: поручник, Slovak: poručík) is an Officersrank out of the Lieutenant´s rank group in Slavophone armed forces.
According to the modern day´s NATO rank system Poporuchik might be comparable to OF-1b) ranks Second lieutenant / Pilot officer, Ensign, Leutnant / Leutnant zur See. With exemption of the more junior "podporuchik" OF-1c of the Czech Army until 2011, it should not be confused to Mladshy leytenant or Unterleutnant, OF-1c as well.
Russia and Russian imperial armed forces
The rank was introduced first by Peter the Great in 1703 as officer rank of the so-called ober-officer rank group. It did belong to rank class XIII (infantry), class XII (artillery, and engineer troops), and class X (guards) until 1884. In line to the military reforms in 1884, podpraporshik became in peace time. However, in the guards and the cossacks armed forces Cornet (military rank) and Chorąży remained the lowest officer rank.
The equivalent to podpraporshik was Michman in the Imperial Russian Navy, and governmental secretary (губернский секретар; gubernsky sekretar) in the civil administration.
In the Russian Federations armed forces the OF1b-rank Leytenant is equivalent to podporuchik.
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Rank designation in some countries
In the countries mentioned below spelling of Podporuchik, Poruchik, and Nadporuchik, up to rank classification, is almost similar. A possible sequence of ranks (ascending) might be as follows:
- Podporuchik (junior poruchik/ second lieutenant)
- Poruchik (lieutenant)
- Nadporuchik (senior poruchik/ first lieutenant)
- Kapitan (captain, rank army) OF-2
|Table of Poruchik OF1-ranks and rank insignia|
|Country||Language||rank OF-1b (junior)||rank OF-1a (senior)|
|| Cap insignia
(additional until 2011 Podporuchik OF1c)
|equivalent||Second lieutenant||First lieutenant|
- The abbreviation "OF" stands for de: "Offizier / en: officer / fr: officier / ru: офицер"
- Introduction of the rank "podporuchik" by Peter the Great in 1703. As to booklet: "Soviet military encyclopaedia" |6|388.