This article is about the OF-1b (OF-1 junior) rank Podporuchik (Army and Air Force). For the equivalent rank in NATO see Second lieutenant / Pilot officer, Ensign, Leutnant / Leutnant zur See.
Rank insignia (1855—1917)
Rank insignia RI Army | RI Navy
Introduction 1703
Rank group Junior officers
Army 1855-1917 Podporuchik
Navy 1909-1917 Michman

Podporuchik (Croatian: подporučnik, Czech: podpodporučík, Polish: podporucznik, Russian: подпору́чик, Bulgarian: подпоручик, Serbian: поручник, Slovak: poručík) is an Officersrank out of the Lieutenant´s rank group in Slavophone armed forces.

According to the modern day´s NATO rank system Poporuchik might be comparable to OF-1b[1]) ranks Second lieutenant / Pilot officer, Ensign, Leutnant / Leutnant zur See. With exemption of the more junior "podporuchik" OF-1c of the Czech Army until 2011, it should not be confused to Mladshy leytenant or Unterleutnant, OF-1c as well.

Russia and Russian imperial armed forces

The rank was introduced first by Peter the Great in 1703[2] as officer rank of the so-called ober-officer rank group. It did belong to rank class XIII (infantry), class XII (artillery, and engineer troops), and class X (guards) until 1884. In line to the military reforms in 1884, podpraporshik became in peace time. However, in the guards and the cossacks armed forces Cornet (military rank) and Chorąży remained the lowest officer rank.

The equivalent to podpraporshik was Michman in the Imperial Russian Navy, and governmental secretary (губернский секретар; gubernsky sekretar) in the civil administration.

In the Russian Federations armed forces the OF1b-rank Leytenant is equivalent to podporuchik.

Sequence of ranks ascending
lower rank:

(Second lieutenant)
higher rank:

Rank designation in some countries

In the countries mentioned below spelling of Podporuchik, Poruchik, and Nadporuchik, up to rank classification, is almost similar. A possible sequence of ranks (ascending) might be as follows:

Table of Poruchik OF1-ranks and rank insignia
Country Language rank OF-1b (junior) rank OF-1a (senior)
Rank Designation Rank Designation
Croatian: Poručnik Natporučnik
Macedonian: Подпоручник
Polish: Cap insignia
  • Podporucznik (Army)
  • Podporucznik (Air Force)
Cap insignia
  • Porucznik (Army)
  • Porucznik (Air Force)

(until 1917)
Russian: Подпоручик
  • Потпоручник (Army)
  • Потпоручник (Air defence)
  • Потпоручник (River flotilla)

  • Поручник (Army)
  • Поручник (Air defence)
  • Поручник (River flotillia)
Slovak: Poručík Nadporučík
Slovene: Poročník Nadporočnik
Czech: Poručík
(additional until 2011 Podporuchik OF1c)
equivalent Leutnant
  • Heer (Bundeswehr)
  • Luftwaffe (Bundeswehr)
equivalent Second lieutenant First lieutenant

In the armed forces of Macedonia, Poland and Serbia is the Podporucznik equivalent to the OF1b-renks Leutnant/ Second lieutenant/ Flight officer, and/or Ensign.

See also


This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.
  1. The abbreviation "OF" stands for de: "Offizier / en: officer / fr: officier / ru: офицер"
  2. Introduction of the rank "podporuchik" by Peter the Great in 1703. As to booklet: "Soviet military encyclopaedia" |6|388.
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