Podgorica Airport

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Podgorica Airport
Аеродром Подгорица
Airport type Public
Operator Airports of Montenegro
Serves Podgorica, Montenegro
Location Golubovci
Hub for Montenegro Airlines
Elevation AMSL 141 ft / 43[1] m
Coordinates 42°21′34″N 19°15′07″E / 42.35944°N 19.25194°E / 42.35944; 19.25194Coordinates: 42°21′34″N 19°15′07″E / 42.35944°N 19.25194°E / 42.35944; 19.25194
Website montenegroairports.com

Location of the airport in Montenegro

Direction Length Surface
ft m
18/36 9.998 3,047 Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Aircraft movements NA
Number of passengers 748,175

Podgorica Airport (Montenegrin: Аеродром Подгорица / Aerodrom Podgorica, pronounced [aerǒdrom pǒdɡorit͡sa]) (IATA: TGD, ICAO: LYPG) is an international airport serving the Montenegrin capital of Podgorica and the surrounding region. It is one of two international airports in Montenegro, the other being Tivat Airport. Both are operated by the state-owned company Airports of Montenegro (Аеродроми Црне Горе, Aerodromi Crne Gore).

The airport is situated 11 km (6.8 mi) south of central Podgorica, in the Zeta Plain, one of the few flat areas of Montenegro suitable for a large airport. The airport is locally known as Golubovci Airport, as it is located within the administrative boundaries of the town of Golubovci. The IATA code of the airport is still TGD because Podgorica was named Titograd (after Josip Broz Tito) from 1946 to 1992, during which time the airport opened. It is the main hub for Montenegro Airlines and Di Air.


The history of civil aviation in Podgorica began on May 26, 1928, when a Aeroput Potez 29/2 landed on the Podgorica airfield, a small airfield with grass runway, located near the site of today's Podgorica Rail Station. The plane was on experimental line Belgrade-Skopje-Podgorica-Mostar-Sarajevo-Belgrade line, organized to examine the possibilities of linking Belgrade with southern parts of Yugoslavia. On May 5, 1930, scheduled passenger flights began on Belgrade-Sarajevo-Podgorica line.[2] Aeroput used Farman F.300 aircraft on this line.

World War II brought an end to passenger traffic at the airfield. In 1943 and 1944, airfield was used by Luftwaffe in then German-occupied Montenegro. It was frequent target in the infamous bombing of Podgorica, resulting in significant German losses.

After the war, passenger service resumed on April 8, 1947, with newly formed JAT flight to Belgrade on a Douglas C-47 converted for passenger use. A cargo line to Belgrade was established in 1957.

The airport was moved to its present location to the south of the city in 1961. It featured a 2500 m × 45 m asphalt runway; it was modernized and refurbished in 1977. The majority of traffic in this period consisted of scheduled flights to Belgrade, mostly with McDonnell Douglas DC-9 aircraft.[3]

The airport was frequent target during 1999 NATO bombing, when numerous Podgorica Airbase facilities and underground fuel tanks were destroyed. However, no significant damage on the passenger terminal or runway and taxiway systems was inflicted.

On April 23, 2003 the ownership of the airport was transferred from Jat Airways to Airports of Montenegro, a public company owned by the Government of Montenegro. Along with formation and growth of Montenegro Airlines, this contributed to diversification of services from the airport. Decades long practice of Podgorica Airport being the feeder airport for Belgrade Airport was dropped in favor of a more diverse network of scheduled passenger flights.

A major renovation and expansion took place in 2006, with a refurbishment and extension of the apron and improvements to the taxiways system, airfield lighting system, and power supply. An entirely new passenger terminal was opened on May 14, 2006, while the old passenger terminal underwent reconstruction and refurbishment in 2009. Airports Council International awarded Podgorica the best airport under 1 million passengers in 2007.

The improved taxiway system allowed for wide-body aircraft to be serviced at the airport. Thus, the airport began servicing Il-86s and first the Boeing 747 freighter arrived at the airport in April 2008.



As air traffic in Montenegro saw a rapid increase in the 2000s, the old passenger terminal, a small cobblestone building, was retired except for servicing small-volume charter flights after the new terminal was built. The new passenger terminal, comprising 5,500 m2, opened on May 14, 2006. It has eight departure and two arrival gates, and is able to handle up to 1 million passengers annually. The terminal does not feature jetways, as passenger flow at the airport is not high enough to necessitate them.

The main (new) terminal building is a modern aluminium and glass structure, featuring contemporary architectural solutions such as indirect lighting throughout the building. Since its opening, it has featured a Costa Coffee outlet, two newspaper stalls, a duty-free shop, rent-a-car posts, and a CKB bank outlet. Although the airport is considered low-risk, security screening has been visibly increased since the introduction of the new terminal. Security measures and monitoring that are standard for European airports are applied in the terminal.

The old terminal building was completely renovated and reopened on September 15, 2009 and is now intended for VIP use and general aviation.


Standard runway 36 approach includes spectacular 200° low level steep turn over Lake Skadar to align with the runway, only 524 metres (1,719 ft) above the water surface. The airport has ICAO classification 4E ILS Cat I. However, ILS landing is possible only on runway 36, as northern approach to runway 18 is visual only, possible under perfect VMC. This is due to proximity of Dinaric Alps in the north.

Military usage

Damage done to Podgorica Airport after 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia
Main article: Podgorica Airbase

Podgorica Airport is a public international airport, but shares the main runway with Podgorica's military airbase. Military facilities include an 80-hectare (200-acre) airbase area adjacent to the main runway, as well as the Šipčanik complex.

The Šipčanik complex consisted of an underground aircraft shelter tunneled into the eponymous hill, and adjacent narrow 08/26 runway, which could be used to scramble the jets stored in the shelter. This runway is connected to the main airport complex via a 3-kilometre-long (9,800 ft) taxiway cut through the vineyards. The complex was seriously damaged during the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, and was subsequently converted into a wine cave by the Plantaže company.

In early December 1999 the airport was briefly seized by the Army of Yugoslavia in a standoff between the central government and the Montenegrin authorities after Montenegro tried to control the airport independently from Belgrade.[4] When Montenegro became independent on June 3, 2006, the newly formed Military of Montenegro announced that it would not maintain a combat air force. Nine G-4 Super Galebs are currently sitting unused at the base.

Airlines and destinations

The following airlines serve scheduled and charter services to and from Podgorica Airport:[5]

Adria Airways Ljubljana
Air Serbia Belgrade
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
Austrian AirlinesVienna
Montenegro Airlines Belgrade, Frankfurt, Ljubljana, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino, Vienna, Zürich
Seasonal: Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Lyon, Moscow-Domodedovo
Ryanair Berlin-Schönefeld, Brussels-Charleroi, London-Stansted
operated by Travel Service
Seasonal: Prague
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Wizz Air Memmingen, Milan–Malpensa

Destinations map

The map includes European destinations served from Podgorica Airport.

Berlin SXF
Paris CDG
London STN
Moscow DME
St Petersburg
Rome FCO
Nizhny Novgorod
Tel Aviv
Map Legend All-year scheduled flights Seasonal scheduled flights Charter flights



Podgorica Airport Passengers (in thousands)
Traffic figures at Podgorica Airport
Year Passengers Change Aircraft movements Change
2007 460,117 Increase20% 4,919 Increase26%
2008 538,477 Increase17% 5,693 Increase16%
2009 450,300 Decrease16% 5,455 Decrease4%
2010 651,642 Increase45% 6,896 Increase26%
2011 611,666 Decrease6% 6,136 Decrease11%
2012 620,117 Increase1% 5,560 Decrease9%
2013 680,854 Increase10% 5,528 Decrease0%
2014 701,320 Increase3% 5,247 Decrease5%
2015 748,175 Increase7% 5,545 Increase6%


Busiest routes at Podgorica Airport
City Airport Weekly Departures
(Summer 2016)
Serbia Belgrade Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport 35 Montenegro Airlines, Air Serbia
Austria Vienna Schwechat Airport 12 Montenegro Airlines, Austrian Airlines
Turkey Istanbul Atatürk Airport 12 Turkish Airlines
Italy Rome Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport 8 Montenegro Airlines, Alitalia
France Paris Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport 7 Montenegro Airlines
Slovenia Ljubljana Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport 6 Montenegro Airlines, Adria Airways
Switzerland Zürich Zürich Airport 6 Montenegro Airlines

Ground transportation

Podgorica Airport is accessible by Podgorica - Bar road (E65/E80), via short detour. A stretch of this road, from Podgorica to the airport, has been upgraded to expressway standard. A drive from the city center to the airport usually takes less than 15 minutes. Public transportation to and from airport is covered by L-20 bus line to city center, charter bus lines to other Montenegrin cities, and taxi service. The Airport train station on the Belgrade–Bar railway is located 1.2 kilometres (0.75 mi) away from the passenger terminal, but is seldom used as a link to the city, due to the inconvenient location and train schedule.

With the construction of Sozina tunnel, the airport is some 40 km away from Bar, Montenegro's main port, and so the airport increasingly caters to needs of cities on southern part of Montenegrin coast.

Accidents and incidents

See also


  1. http://www.montenegroairports.com/eng/index.php?menu=1&menu1=5&news=33
  2. Drustvo za Vazdusni Saobracaj A D – Aeroput (1927-1948) at europeanairlnes.no
  3. "Airport of Montenegro". Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  4. New York Times: Armed Yugoslav Troops Take Over Montenegro's Main Airport. December 9, 1999
  5. A.D. Aerodromi Crne Gore: Nedeljni i sezonski red letenja

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