Piano Sonata No. 12 (Mozart)
Second movement - Adagio
Performed in November of 2011
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The Piano Sonata No. 12 in F major by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, K. 332/300k, was written at the same time as the Piano Sonata, K. 330 and Piano Sonata, K. 331 (Alla turca), Mozart numbering them as a set from one to three. They were once believed to have been written in the late 1770s in Paris, but it is now thought more likely that they date from 1783, by which time Mozart had moved to Vienna. Some believe, however that Mozart wrote this and the other sonatas during a summer 1783 visit to Salzburg made for the purpose of introducing his wife, Constanze to his father, Leopold. All three sonatas were published in Vienna in 1784.
The sonata is in three movements and has a conventional structure:
- Allegro - The first movement is in a classical sonata form.
- Adagio - The second movement is a slow movement in the key of B flat major with two halves repeated. In the autograph, the second half is essentially a repeat of its initial presentation with some minor tonal adjustments. In the earliest printed editions, however, it is considerably elaborated.
- Allegro assai - The rapid finale is in sonata form with a 6/8 time. While it starts out with a forte chord and passage work, it concludes with a pianissimo cadence.
|A typical performance takes about 18 minutes (25 minutes with repeats).|
First movement structure
The first movement is in sonata-allegro form.
Second movement structure
The second movement is in B♭ major in a sonatina form.
Third movement structure
The third movement, marked "allegro assai", is in F major, 6/8 time, and sonata form.
- Tyson, Alan (1987). Mozart: studies of the autograph scores. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. pp. 21–35. ISBN 0-674-58830-4.
- Hepokoski, James; Darcy, Warren (2006). Elements of Sonata Theory: norms, types, and deformations in the late eighteenth-century sonata. Oxford University Press. pp. 159–162. ISBN 0-19-514640-9.
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Sonatas and Three Fantasias, Urtext edition, for piano, Kalmus Classic Edition. ISBN 0-7692-4089-5
- Sonate in F KV 332: Score and critical report (German) in the Neue Mozart-Ausgabe
- Piano Sonata No. 12: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
- Performance by Paavali Jumppanen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in MP3 format