Piano Sonata, WoO. 51 (Beethoven)
The Piano Sonata in C major, WoO. 51 (Also called the Sonatina in C major, WoO. 51) is an incomplete composition for piano by Ludwig van Beethoven, believed to have been composed before he left Bonn, that was discovered amongst Beethoven's papers following his death. The composition was not published until 1830 by F. P. Dunst in Frankfurt, with a dedication to Eleonore von Breuning, along with the piano trios WoO. 38 and WoO. 39.
Beethoven is believed to have begun composing the sonata some time around 1790 - 1791 for Eleonore von Breuning on the basis of a letter to her from 1796 in which he announced that a sonata that he had promised to her some time previously would be sent to her. A recent evaluation opines that the sonata shares stylistic characteristics with the Piano Sonatas, WoO. 47, Nºs. 1-3.
While Alexander Thayer believed that the sonata was a complete three movement work by 1796, at the time of Beethoven's death the manuscript copy only contained the complete first movement and an incomplete second movement. For publication in 1830 Ferdinand Ries composed an additional eleven measures of music to complete the second movement.
The composition as published is in two movements:
A typical performance takes around 6 – 7 minutes.
- Anderson, Keith (1990). Beethoven: Piano Sonatas WoO 47, 'Kurfurstensonaten' (CD). Naxos Records. 8.550255.
- Cooper, Barry (2000). Beethoven. United States: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0191592706.
- Hiebert, Elfrieda Franz (1970). The Piano Trios of Beethoven: An Historical and Analytical Study. University Microfilms.
- Song, Moo Kyoung (2002). The Evolution of Sonata-Form Design in Ludwig van Beethoven's Early Piano Sonatas, WoO 47 to Opus 22 (PDF) (Ph. D). Austin: University of Texas.
- Thayer, Alexander Wheelock (1921). The Life of Beethoven. 1. New York: G. Schirmer, Inc.