|State of Pi|
|Capital|| Xuecheng (薛城), 30 km south of Tengzhou, Shandong Province|
Lower Pi (下邳), North east of Pizhou City, Shandong Province
Upper Pi (上邳), West of the Xuecheng District, Zaozhuang City, Shandong Province
|Religion||Chinese folk religion, ancestor worship, Taoism|
|•||Founded by Xi Zhong during the reign of King Wu of Zhou||11th Century BCE|
|Currency||Chinese coin, gold coins|
It’s progenitor Xi Zhong (奚仲), had been the Minister of Chariots (车正) for Yu the Great during the Xia Dynasty (~2070–1600 BCE) who was given land at the confluence of the Dan (丹水) and Yi Rivers (沂水) in the southern part of modern-day Shandong Province.
In the Shang Dynasty (1600–1046 BC), Pi was at war with the imperial court in order to resist their attempts to govern the state. Later on Pi was defeated by the State of Peng. In 418 BCE the State of Qi moved into Xue’s territory forcing its inhabitants to move south into Lower Pi (邳下), which was located on the lower reaches of the Si River. Upper Pi (邳上) lay to the north along the same river. The state was eventually overthrown by the State of Chu.
With its history of more than 1,500 years Pi made an important contribution to the development of the eastern Xuzhou region.
- Zuo Zhuan First Year of Duke Ding of Lu.
- "Vassal state land grants during the Western Zhou Dynasty (西周所分封的诸侯国)" (in Chinese). Retrieved October 29, 2010.