Abbreviated title (ISO 4)
|Edited by||Daniel T. Kulp (Acting Editor in Chief)|
1893–1913 Series I
Physical Review is an American peer-reviewed scientific journal established in 1893 by Edward Nichols. It publishes original research as well as scientific and literature reviews on all aspects of physics. It is published by the American Physical Society (APS). The journal is in its third series, and is split in several sub-journals each covering a particular field of physics. It has a sister journal, Physical Review Letters, which publishes shorter articles of broader interest.
Physical Review commenced publication in July 1893, organized by Cornell University professor Edward Nichols and helped by the new president of Cornell, J. Gould Schurman. The journal was managed and edited at Cornell in upstate New York from 1893 to 1913 by Nichols, Ernest Merritt, and Frederick Bedell. The 33 volumes published during this time constitute Physical Review Series I.
The American Physical Society (APS), founded in 1899, took over its publication in 1913 and started Physical Review Series II. The journal remained at Cornell under editor-in-chief G. S. Fulcher from 1913 to 1926, before relocating to the location of editor John Torrence Tate, Sr. at the University of Minnesota. In 1929, the APS started publishing Reviews of Modern Physics, a venue for longer review articles.
After Tate's death in 1949, the journals were managed on an interim basis still in Minnesota by E. L. Hill and J. William Buchta until Samuel Goudsmit and Simon Pasternack were appointed and the editorial office moved to Brookhaven National Laboratory on Eastern Long Island, New York. In July 1958, the sister journal Physical Review Letters was introduced to publish short articles of particularly broad interest, initially edited by George L. Trigg, who remained as editor until 1988.
In 1970, Physical Review split into sub-journals Physical Review A, B, C, and D. A fifth member of the family, Physical Review E, was introduced in 1993 to a large part to accommodate the huge amount of new research in nonlinear dynamics. Combined, these constitute Physical Review Series III.
The editorial office moved in 1980 to its present location across the expressway from Brookhaven National Laboratory. Goudsmit retired in 1974 and Pasternack in the mid-1970s. Past Editors in Chief include David Lazarus (1980—1990; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign), Benjamin Bederson (1990—1996; New York University), Martin Blume (1996—2007; Brookhaven National Laboratory), and Gene Sprouse (2007—2015; SUNY Stony Brook). The current acting Editor in Chief is Dan T. Kulp, while the APS looks for a new one.
In 1998, the first issue of Physical Review Special Topics: Accelerators and Beams was published, and in 2005, Physical Review Special Topics: Physics Education Research was launched. In January 2016 the names of both journals were changed to remove "Special Topics". Physical Review also started an online magazine, Physical Review Focus, in 1998 to explain, and provide historical context for, selected articles from Physical Review and Physical Review Letters. This was later merged into Physics. The Special Topics journals are open access; Physics Education Research requires page charges from the authors, but Physical Review Special Topics: Accelerators and Beams does not. Though not fully open access, Physical Review Letters also requires an author page charge, although this is voluntary. The other journals require such a charge only if manuscripts are not prepared in one of the preferred formats. Authors can pay extra charges to make their papers open access. Such papers are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (CC-BY). Physical Review Letters celebrated their 50th birthday in 2008. The APS has a copyright policy to permit the author to reuse parts of the published article in a derivative or new work, including on Wikipedia.
The APS has a publication entitled Physics, aiming to help physicists and physics students to learn about new developments outside of their own subfield. This now includes the longer general-interest articles that appeared as Focus. It also publishes Physical Review X (PRX), an online-only gold open access journal. It is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes, as timely as possible, original research papers from all areas of pure, applied, and interdisciplinary physics. In 2014, the newest APS journal Physical Review Applied began publishing research across all aspects of experimental and theoretical applications of physics, including their interactions with other sciences, engineering, and industry. In 2015, the APS announced the creation of a new journal Physical Review Fluids to better serve the Fluids community.
|Journal||Abbreviation||Editor(s)||Impact factor (2015)||Published||Scope||ISSN||Website|
|Physical Review Series I||Phys. Rev.||1893–1912||All of Physics||All volumes|
|Physical Review Series II||Phys. Rev.||1913–1969||All of Physics||Archive of All volumes|
|Physical Review Letters||Phys. Rev. Lett.|| Pierre Meystre
Reinhardt B. Schuhmann
|7.645||1958–present||Important fundamental research in all fields of physics|| ISSN 0031-9007 (print)
ISSN 1079-7114 (web)
|Physical Review A||Phys. Rev. A||Gordon W. F. Drake||2.765||1970–present||Atomic, molecular, and optical physics and quantum information|| ISSN 1050-2947 (print)
ISSN 1094-1622 (web)
|Physical Review B||Phys. Rev. B|| Laurens W. Molenkamp
Anthony M. Begley
|3.718||1970–present||Condensed matter and materials physics|| ISSN 1098-0121 (print)
ISSN 1550-235X (web)
|Physical Review C||Phys. Rev. C||Benjamin F. Gibson||3.146||1970–present||Nuclear physics|| ISSN 0556-2813 (print)
ISSN 1089-490X (web)
|Physical Review D||Phys. Rev. D|| Erick J. Weinberg
D. L. Nordstrom
|4.506||1970–present||Particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology|| ISSN 1550-7998 (print)
ISSN 1550-2368 (web)
|Physical Review E||Phys. Rev. E|| Eli Ben-Naim
Dirk Jan Bukman
|2.252||1993–present||Statistical, nonlinear, biological and soft matter physics|| ISSN 1539-3755 (print)
ISSN 1550-2376 (web)
|Physical Review X||Phys. Rev. X|| Jorge Pullin
|8.701||2011–present||"Broad subject coverage encouraging communication across related fields"||ISSN 2160-3308 (web)||All volumes|
|Physical Review Accelerators and Beams||Phys. Rev. AB||Frank Zimmermann||1.500||1998–present||Particle accelerators and beams||ISSN 2469-9888 (web)||All volumes|
|Physical Review Physics Education Research||Phys. Rev. PER||Charles Henderson||1.316||2005–present||Physics education research||ISSN 2469-9896 (web)||All volumes|
|Physics||Physics||Jessica Thomas||2008–present||All of Physics||ISSN 1943-2879 (web)||All volumes|
|Physical Review Applied||Phys. Rev. Appl.||Troy Shinbrot||3.922||2014–present||"All aspects of experimental and theoretical applications of physics"||ISSN 2331-7019 (web)||All volumes|
|Physical Review Fluids||Phys. Rev. Fluids|| John Kim
L. Gary Leal
|2016–present||"Innovative research that will significantly advance the fundamental understanding of fluids"||ISSN 2469-990X (web)||All volumes|
Notes and references
- Conant, Jennet (2002). Tuxedo Park. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 106. ISBN 0-684-87287-0.
- Hartman, Paul (1994). A Memoir on The Physical Review: A history of the first hundred years. New York: American Physical Society & American Institute of Physics. p. 212. ISBN 1-56396-282-9.
- Renaming the APS Special Topics Series, American Physical Society, December 31, 2015
- "Submission guidelines". March 2008.
- APS Open Access announcement, American Physical Society, 15 February 2011
- Details of Creative Commons license
- "Physical Review Letters Celebrates 50 Years". American Physical Society.
- Gene D. Sprouse (1 October 2008). "APS now leaves copyright with authors for derivative works". American Physical Society.
- "Physics". American Physical Society.
- "Physical Review X (PRX)". American Physical Society.
- "Physical Review Applied". American Physical Society.
- "Physical Review Fluids". American Physical Society.
- American Physical Society
- Journals of the APS
- New APS publication Physics
- Online archive of all back issues of Physical Review (subscription required)