Philippine presidential election, 1992

Philippine presidential election, 1992
May 11, 1992

Turnout 75.5% Decrease 3.3%
Nominee Fidel V. Ramos Miriam Defensor-Santiago Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr.
Party Lakas PRP NPC
Running mate Emilio Osmeña Ramon Magsaysay, Jr. Joseph Estrada
Popular vote 5,342,521 4,468,173 4,116,376
Percentage 23.58% 19.72% 18.17%

Nominee Ramon Mitra, Jr. Imelda Marcos Jovito Salonga
Party LDP KBL Liberal
Running mate Marcelo Fernan Vicente Magsaysay Aquilino Pimentel Jr.
Popular vote 3,316,661 2,338,294 2,302,123
Percentage 14.64% 10.32% 10.16%

Nominee Salvador Laurel
Party Nacionalista
Running mate Eva Estrada Kalaw
Popular vote 770,046
Percentage 3.40%

Election results per province/city.

President before election

Corazon Aquino

Elected President

Fidel V. Ramos

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Philippines

Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1992. This was the first general elections under the 1987 Constitution. An estimated 80,000 candidates ran for 17,000 posts from the presidency down to municipal councilors. Even if the constitution allowed her to do so, President Corazon Aquino did not run again.

In the presidential election, retired general Fidel Ramos of Lakas-NUCD won a six-year term as President, by a small margin, narrowly defeated populist candidate Miriam Defensor Santiago of People's Reform Party. Ramos also got the lowest plurality in the Philippine electoral history, and beat the previous election for the closest margin of victory, percentage-wise (this record would later be beaten by the 2004 election). Miriam Santiago led the canvassing of votes for the first five days but then was overtaken by Ramos in a few days. Santiago cried fraud and filed an electoral protest citing power outages as evidence. Various media personnel became witnesses to the fraud made in the election, where the phrase, 'Miriam won in the election, but lost in the counting' became popular. However, her protest was eventually dismissed by the Supreme Court of the Philippines.

The 1992 election was the second time both president and vice president came from different parties. Movie actor and Senator Joseph Estrada won a six-year term as Vice-President, by a landslide victory.

Under the transitory provisions of the Constitution, 24 senators were elected in this election. The first 12 senators who garnered the highest votes would have six-year terms while the next 12 senators would have three-year terms. Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP) got a large share in the Senate race. Television personality and Quezon City Vice Mayor Vicente Sotto III (also known as Tito Sotto) got the highest number of votes.


For President


 Summary of the May 11, 1992 Philippine presidential election results
Candidates Parties Votes %
Fidel V. Ramos Lakas–NUCD (People Power–National Union of Christian Democrats) 5,342,521 23.58%
Miriam Defensor-Santiago People's Reform Party 4,468,173 19.72%
Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr. Nationalist People's Coalition 4,116,376 18.17%
Ramon Mitra, Jr. Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (Struggle of Democratic Filipinos) 3,316,661 14.64%
Imelda Marcos Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (New Society Movement) 2,338,294 10.32%
Jovito Salonga Liberal Party 2,302,123 10.16%
Salvador Laurel Nacionalista Party (Nationalist Party) 770,046 3.40%
Total 22,654,195 100%
Valid votes 22,654,195 93.4%
Invalid votes 1,600,759 6.6%
Votes cast 24,254,954 75.5%
Registered voters 32,141,079
Popular vote


For Vice President


 Summary of the May 11, 1992 Philippine vice presidential election results
Candidate Party Results
Votes %
Joseph Estrada NPC 6,739,738 33.00%
Marcelo Fernan LDP 4,438,494 21.74%
Emilio Osmeña Lakas 3,362,467 16.47%
Ramon Magsaysay, Jr. PRP 2,900,556 14.20%
Aquilino Pimentel, Jr. PDP-Laban 2,023,289 9.91%
Vicente Magsaysay KBL 699,895 3.43%
Eva Estrada-Kalaw Nacionalista 255,730 1.25%
Valid votes 20,420,169 84.2%
Invalid votes 3,834,785 15.8%
Votes cast 24,254,954 75.5%
Registered voters 32,141,079 100.0%

See also

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